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Marine Archaeology 2018
New Underwater Archaeological Discoveries

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Over the past 30 years or so there have been numerous discoveries about the ancient world, many of which cannot be explained by the traditional views of prehistory as interpreted by mainstream archaeologists. It would be impossible to keep abreast of them all, but many have major implications for our greater understanding of the cataclysmic events of antiquity which are remembered in the stories of Atlantis, the Deucalian flood, and the flood of Noah that have been passed down from generation to generation in both oral and written traditions since time immemorial ...

Of course, there are so many ancient tales of flooded kingdoms, cataclysmic inundations and sunken lands from more or less every corner of the world, that it is difficult to avoid the basic question of whether or not they all refer to the same cataclysm, or a series of cataclysms that happened over several millennia from around 15,000 BC to around 1,500 BC? Many scientists now believe that there were a series of rapid sea-level changes which marked the abrupt end of the last Ice Age, especially at the time of Plato's original date of 9,600 BC where he placed the supposed destruction of Atlantis.

The melting ice-sheets, it is believed by 'uniformitarians', were sufficient to account for these sea-level rises, but other scientists are looking at the possibility that supermassive quantities of water-ice were rudely delivered to the Earth by a giant comet which passed close to the Earth and the Moon at the end of the Pleistocene era - again at around 11,500 years ago. This "event" was coeval with the world's major mountain ranges - such as the Alps, the Andes, and the Himalayas - attaining their present elevations, whilst many of the world's low-lying basin areas collapsed in an abrupt series of crustal deformations caused by the gravitational effects of a celestial body in such close proximity to Earth.

Many of the world's 'deluge traditions' refer to a celestial agency as having been the cause of the global floods, as well as the major rifting of Earth's crust in numerous locations, and possibly also causing a tilt in the Earth's rotational axis which brought about the seasons and the frigid polar regions as we now know them. The mass extinctions which marked the end of the Pleistocene and the start of the present Holocene era are also dated to between 10,000 and 12,000 years ago, as are the unconsolidated jumbles of now extinct land animals, marine lifeforms, and Pleistocene flora which comprise the many types of 'drift deposits' found jammed with extreme force into caves and rock fissures worldwide.

Many species from widely differing climatic zones and habitats lie side-by-side in bits and pieces evidencing the violent nature of their common demise, and careful analysis of these suggest the cause as being not the Ice Age of the uniformitarians, but the tumultuous swirling waters of mega-tsunami. Either way, the major question which cannot any longer be reasonably avoided by serious prehistorical researchers must be:

"What more evidence of ancient civilisations, and of the sea-faring peoples of world-wide
mythology, remains to be discovered beneath the waves on the
continental shelves all around our planet?" ...

 

Below are some video reports about the remains of ancient cities that have recently
been discovered underwater on coastal shelves around the world:

 

Sunken Ancient Egyptian City Discovered

 

 

 

 

Ancient City of Dwarka Discovered
off the NW coast of India

 

Astro-Archaeology 2018 News Headlines

Tsunami Past & Present

- updated daily -

 

 Today is  




New Marine Archaeology Discoveries made in 2018 will appear below as we become aware of them ...



"Ancient shipwrecks tell tale of trade routes"

October 12 2018, Hürriyet Daily News, Turkey
"Archaeologists in Greece have discovered at least 58 shipwrecks, many laden with antiquities, in what they say may be the largest concentration of ancient wrecks ever found in the Aegean and possibly the whole of the Mediterranean.

The wrecks lie in the small island archipelago of Fournoi, in the Eastern Aegean, and span a huge period from ancient Greece right through to the 20th century.

Most are dated to the Greek, Roman and Byzantine eras.

Although shipwrecks can be seen together in the Aegean, until now such a large number have not been found together.

Experts say they weave an exciting tale of how ships full of cargo travelling through the Aegean, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea met their fate in sudden storms and surrounded by rocky cliffs in the area."

[Read The Full Story]

[Another good story from Hürriyet Daily News! The more they look the more they seem to find in the waters around the coast of Turkey, and it adds to the emerging picture of a flourishing sea trade in ancient times.

It raelly is well worth a visit to their site to read the full story and see the image of the finds in situ - Ed.]

 

"Deep dive into ancient history, off Xlendi"

October 01 2018, Times of Malta, Malta
"Some 110 metres underwater off the coast of Xlendi Bay there lay, for centuries, an archaeological treasure that is now warming the cockles of archaeologists and historians.

Unearthed in an expedition that was far from your ring-lost-in-the-sand search, the mesmerising shipwreck clasps intriguing artefacts dating back to 700 BC, knowing their origin to Phoenician traders.

And for the first time on these islands, a selection of the artefacts - from what Heritage Malta describes as the oldest wreck ever found in this region - are on public display, at the Cittadella in Gozo."

[Read The Full Story]

[Good news from the Times of Malta! The exhibition looks brilliantly presented and is a must-see for those who can get there. Well worth a visit to their site to read the full story and see the images - Ed.]

 

"Under the sea: antiquities make way for
Israel's Leviathan pipeline"

September 06 2018, Reuters, UK
"Underwater archaeologists have been scouring the seabed where a gas pipeline is being built off Israel's coast in a bid to preserve relics near a 5,000-year-old port which once was a key trade hub for the Mediterranean's ancient civilizations.

The pipeline from the deep-sea Leviathan gas field that is due to begin production late next year comes ashore near Dor Beach in northern Israel, a popular spot among Israeli sunbathers.

It is also the site of the ancient port of Dor, where hidden in the seabed lie the vestiges of marine traders throughout the ages - from the Phoenicians to the Romans.

To minimize damage to such relics, the Israel Antiquities Authority has been working over the past year with the Leviathan field's operator, Texas-based Noble Energy.

A team spent weeks scuba diving in the warm crystal clear water off the beach, dispersing silt to uncover ancient artifacts. A remote-operated robot was used for searches in deeper water.

They found earthenware jugs, anchors and the remains of wrecked ships, setting new guidelines for similar future projects."

[Read The Full Story]

[What a refreshing change to see such care being taken to rescue antiquities before a pipeline is laid. Makes you onder what went wrong at Standing Rock? It's well worth reading the full story - Ed.]

 

"Remnants of ancient fortress found underwater
off Bulgaria’s St Thomas Island"

August 20 2018, The Sofia Globe, Bulgaria
"Underwater exploration around St Thomas Island on Bulgaria's southern Black Sea coast by a team of specialist archaeological divers has led to the finding of what are believed to be the remnants of a wall of an ancient Thracian fortification.

St Thomas Island is 15km south of the Bulgarian seaside town of Sozopol and is a mere 0.012 square kilometres in size.

Two places with low concentrations of fragmented ceramics were mapped.

Several stone blocks with straight walls and traces of treatment, some a metre in length and width, were found here.

The blocks are perpendicular to the underwater reef.

This is probably a previously unknown fortification wall of the ancient Thracians."

[Read The Full Story]

[Yet again we see more interesting finds in the Black Sea. Well worth checking out the site to read the full story - Ed.]

 

"Archaeologists Discover Ancient Greek Ship in Black Sea"

August 07 2018, Greek Reporter, Greece
"Off the coast of the Black Sea in the Mykolaiv region, archaeologists have discovered a sunken ancient Greek shipwreck dating back more than 2.5 thousand years.

The ship, discovered during a joint expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of NAS of Ukraine and the Warsaw Institute of Archaeology, is believed to be one of the oldest of its kind discovered in the region.

According to the head of the black sea international underwater archaeological expedition, Vyacheslav Gerasimov, it may have possibly sailed ancient trade routes to Olbia or Chersonesos.

'This ship is one of the oldest known in the Northern black sea. The ship belonged to the ancient Greek mariners V century BC - the period of colonization of the Northern black sea, when was the first settlement of Olbia', Gerasimov said."

[Read The Full Story]

[Another interesting find in the Black Sea. We are slowly learning to true extent of marine commerce in ancient times every time these finds are made you can always rely on Greek Reporter to publish the details - Ed.]

 

"Archaeologists Find 'Holy Grail of Shipwrecks' Carrying Stash Worth Up to $17 Billion"

May 22 2018, Live Science, USA
"In 1708, the San José- a Spanish galleon ship carrying a stash of gold, silver and emeralds - sank during a fierce battle against the British in the Caribbean Sea.

Now, after sitting at the bottom of the ocean for 310 years, the San José's shipwreck has finally been officially identified, thanks to an analysis of the distinctive bronze cannons that sank with the ship.

These bronze cannons still have ornate dolphins engraved on them, according to recordings made by the REMUS 6000, an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) that got within 30 feet (9.1 meters) of the shipwreck in 2015, according to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI).

Although WHOI has known these details since 2015, only recently did affiliated agencies - Maritime Archaeology Consultants (MAC), Switzerland AG and the Colombian government - give the researchers permission to release the details to the public."

[Read The Full Story]

[Someone's laghing all the way to the bank! It's well worth reading the full story and seeing the many underwater images - Ed.]

 

"Large Sunken Island Existed off Bulgaria’s Black Sea Coast till Middle Ages, According to Roman Era Maps and
Geomorphology Research"

May 15 2018, Archaeology in Bulgareia, Bulgaria
"A sizable but now destroyed and/or sunken island - likely the size of Greece's Aegean island of Thasos - existed in the Black Sea off the southern Black Sea coast of today's Bulgaria but disappeared as a result of natural calamity sometime in the Middle Ages, a report points out.

The island in question was called Cyanida (or Kianida), and is featured on maps from the 15th century based on 'Geography' (also known as 'Geographia' or the 'Cosmographia'), a work written ca. 150 AD by 2nd century AD Greco-Roman geographer Claudius Ptolemy.

These include maps published in 1467 in the Reichenbach Monastery (today in Southern Germany) such as Ptolemy's 9th European Map (Nona Europae Tabula) (featuring Dacia (Datia), Thrace (Thracia), and Upper and Lower Moesia) and Ptolemy's 1st Asian Map (Tabula Asiae I), depicting Asia Minor / Anatolia.

The maps in question are part of the collection of the National Library in Warsaw, Poland.

In a paper published in 1982, Bulgarian geomorphologist Dinyo Kanev (1922 - 1997), a professor of geomorphology and cartography at Sofia University 'St. Kliment Ohridski', reveals geomorphic evidence about a sunken island located some 4 - 5 kilometers off the coast of the Black Sea near the spot of today's border between Bulgaria and Turkey, close to Bulgaria's Rezovo and Turkey's Igneada."

[Read The Full Story]

[Brilliant research and an excellent story from Archaeology in Bulgaria.

It's hardly surprising that lands in that tectonically-active area will have sunk, and this is a good example of that. It's well worth reading the full story and seeing the many images of the maps referred to - Ed.]

 

"Mayan pilgrimage center was discovered in Sac Actun underwater cave system"

March 02 2018, The Yucatan Times, Mexico
"'Recent investigations in the caves of Sac Actun revealed a ritual pilgrimage center and possible link between the prehistoric inhabitants of the area with the Mayan cosmology', reported archaeologist Guillermo de Anda.

De Anda, director of the Great Maya Aquifer (GAM), research project of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) of Mexico, explained during a press conference that the site covers 248 cenotes, entrances to the submerged caves, and 198 archaeological objects have been found.

Of these, 138 contexts are Mayan and the others belong to the preceramic period, which extends from the arrival of the first inhabitants from Asia more than 10,000 years ago until approximately 4,000 years ago.

As for the Mayan vestiges, he pointed out that walls, passages and altars have been discovered, possibly dating from times prior to the occupation of the area by this culture.

It also highlights a funerary context of Mayan origin, as evidenced by the presence of human remains and an associated ceramic offering."

[Read The Full Story]

[This is an excellent story reported in The Yucatan Times. The sheer extent of the cenote system that seems to have been used for various purposes in ancient times is mind-bogglng.

Well done archaeologist Guillermo de Anda, who heads up the team at the Great Maya Aquifer (GAM), research project. We wish them well with their reserches. It's well worth reading the full story and seeing the amazing underwater image of the system - Ed.]

 

"Ancient Native American burial site
found submerged off Florida"

March 02 2018, Orlando Sentinel, USA
"State officials say archaeologists have located a 7,000-year-old Native American ancestral burial site submerged in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Florida.

Florida Secretary of State Ken Detzner announced Wednesday that the Manasota Key Offshore archaeological site is on the continental shelf near Venice, preserved in what appears to have been a peat-bottomed freshwater pond.

Reports of the site began in June 2016 when divers identified possible human skeletal material."
[Read The Full Story]

[Not a long story but enough basic facts to interest anyone curious about what lies offshore anywhere, and with a reminder to would-be looters to stay away or face the law. Worth reading in full - Ed.]

 

"Oldest Dutch work of art found at the bottom
of the North Sea"

February 14 2018, Dutch News, Netherlands
"The oldest Dutch work of art is a 13,500 year-old carved bison bone dredged up from the bottom of the North Sea, archaeologists write in an article published in Antiquity magazine earlier this week.

Late Ice Age hunter-gatherers roamed the area that became the North Sea but very little evidence of their presence has been found.

But sometimes the sea floor yields treasures that shed light on the period.

This is a confirmation, the article says, of 'the importance of continental shelves as archaeological archives'."
[Read The Full Story]

[This is a story of immense inportance! Since we began in 1996 The Morien Institute has been promoting the obvious - that much evidence of ancient life, even urban remains as have been found on the continental shelves off various parts of India, Egypt and elsewhere, will likely be found on what is termed The Celtic Shelf off the coasts of NW Europe, and out beyond the west coast of Ireland.

This discovery is a major breakthrough for this area off the Netherlands, and it's surprising much more hasn't been looked for by marine archaeologists. Hopefully this discovery will change that. It's well worth a visit to read the full story and see the image of the bison bone, and also to follow the link to the original Antiquity papar - Ed.]

 

"Divers find two centuries-old shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea"

January 26 2018, The Local, Sweden
"Two shipwrecks, including one possibly dating back to the 14th century, have been found at the bottom of the sea as part of a project to open a new maritime museum in Stockholm.

Maritime archaeologists made the discoveries just before Christmas while diving in the archipelago to take pictures and gather material for the planned museum, a spokesperson for the Swedish National Maritime Museums told The Local.

Historic vessels are a fascinating, but not unusual, discovery in the Baltic Sea's shipwreck graveyard (there are at least 100 intact ships on the Baltic seabed).

The water is too brackish for shipworm, which means that a huge number of wooden ships have survived on the bottom of the sea with almost intact hulls for centuries."
[Read The Full Story]

[A very interesting find! There are likely many hundreds more wrecks in the Baltic dating back as early as when people began sailing. It's well worth a visit to read the full story and see the many great underwater images - Ed.]

 

"Sacred Mayan Underwater Tunnel Rediscovered in Yucatan"

January 16 2018, Telesur TV, Venezuela
"Sacred Mayan underwater tunnels in Mexico's Yucatan are being rediscovered for the first time in thousands of years, scientists have revealed.

An extensive network of limestone caves housing Mayan artefacts is just now being explored by scientists from Mexico's National Anthropology and History Institute (INAH).

What INAH researchers have found is a remarkable underwater system, measuring more than 340km in length, which connects two previously known cenotes - Spanish for 'giant sinkhole aquifers' - near Tulum, in the state of Quintana Roo.

Scuba diving in the immense tunnels lined with stalactites, researchers have found highly preserved ceramic vases from Mayan society which would have been used in funerals and during ritual sacrifices.

They have also found intact human skulls, along with bones from elephants, giant sloths, bears, tigers and extinct species of horses, along with now-extinct plants. Investigators say the artefacts are well preserved because of the caves' inaccessibility.

Cenotes, known as dzonoot in Mayan, were a central part of the Mayan society and religion that flourished in what is now Mexico's Yucatan, along with the Central American countries of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador"

[Read The Full Story]

[A really cracking story of amazing underwater discoveries in the Yukatan! It seems there may be no end to the massive network of these cenotes which seem to be all connected. It's well worth a visit to read the full story and see the images of the discovery - Ed.]

 

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

Marine Archaeology Discoveries made in 2017
are listed below ...

 

 

"3,000-year-old fortress discovered in Turkish lake"

November 23, 2017, The Independent, UK
"A lost 3,000-year-old castle has been discovered by divers and researchers in Turkey's Lake Van.

The spectacular ruins are thought to be those of a fortress built by the Uratu civilisation which flourished in the Iron Age between the 9th and 6th centuries BC.

The discovery was made by archaeologists from the Van Yüzüncü Yil University working with a team of divers.

In an interview with Turkey's newswire service Andalou Agency, underwater videographer and head of the diving team, Tahsin Ceylan explained that other divers and archaeologists familiar with the lake advised the team they were unlikely to find much in the water.

But they eventually found that the remarkable ruins are part of an extensive site, which stretches roughly a kilometre.

Despite being underwater for centuries, the height of the visible sections of the fortress's remaining walls range between 10 and 13 feet high."

[Read The Full Story]

[This is a good story highlighting yet again the progress marine archaeologists have been making over the past 10 years and more. This discovery in Lake Van shows that there is much more to be discovered in the lakes and shallow coastal seas all around the world. It's well worth a visit to read the full story and some of the images of the discovery - Ed.]

 

"Roman shipwrecks among latest seafloor discoveries
near Alexandria"

November 21, 2017, Ahram Online, Egypt
"Three Roman shipwrecks and an ancient Egyptian votive bark to the god Osiris were discovered earlier this week on the Mediterranean seabed near the Egyptian city of Alexandria, along with a collection of smaller artefacts.

The finds were discovered during underwater excavations carried out by a joint mission from the Ministry of Antiquities' Underwater Archaeology Department and the European Institute of Underwater Archaeology in Abu Qir Bay and Alexandria's eastern harbour.

Mostafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, told Ahram Online that the mission also uncovered a crystal Roman head probably depicting the Roman army commander Marc Antony and gold coins from the reign of Emperor Augustus."
[Read The Full Story]

[A really good story from Ahram Online with some great photos of the finds. It's well worth a visit to read the full story and see the images - Ed.]

 

"Batavia shipwreck: expedition to uncover more secrets"

November 11, 2017, Perth Now, Australia
"An expedition is under way to the Abrolhos Islands to discover more secrets of the Batavia shipwreck, WA's bloodiest chapter in maritime history.

And the results from forensic tests on the latest skeleton to be excavated from the sands at the shipwreck site show the victim was in good health before he died, University of WA Centre for Forensic Anthropology associate professor Daniel Franklin says.

The Batavia, a Dutch East India Company ship, was wrecked on Morning Reef near Beacon Island - 60km off modern Geraldton - in 1629.

Of about 341 people aboard, most made it to nearby islands but more than 120, including women and children, were brutally killed during a mutiny."
[Read The Full Story]

[A great story from Perh Now revealing more details about this massacre, and well worth a visit to read the full story and see the images - Ed.]

 

"Diving Archaeologists Find Unique Lion Helmet From Punic Wars 2,300 Years Ago"

November 06, 2017, Ha'aretz, Israel
"A unique bronze helmet discovered in the deep by marine archaeologists off the Sicilian coast, which they have dated to a sea battle of 241 B.C.E. may have been a precursor of the lion-themed helmets used by Rome's Praetorian Guards, the personal bodyguards of the Roman emperors.

The corps of the Praetorian Guards were established more than two centuries after that battle, by Emperor Augustus.

Praetorian helmets also sported a lion-shaped relief, and were sometimes adorned with real lion skin.

The helmet's dating is based, among other things, on pottery jars and other debris discovered on the sea floor at the site."
[Read The Full Story]

[A really interesting story from Ha'aretz, and many amazing photos of marine archaeologists underwater and with the finds laid out. Well worth a visit to read the long full story and see the may images - Ed.]

 

"Underwater exploration study on Ram Setu
to take off in December"

October 01, 2017, Hindustan Times, India
"In 2008, the UPA government told the Supreme Court that there was no historical and scientific evidence to establish the existence of Lord Ram or the other characters of the Hindu epic Ramayana.

An underwater archaeological study of the Ram Setu is likely to take off soon with Indian archaeological exploration experts scheduled to discuss the modalities with their Sri Lankan counterparts on the sidelines of the International Council of Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) event on October 2-5 in Tanzania.

The setu runs from Pamban Island near Rameshwaram in South India to Mannar Island off the northern coast of Sri Lanka in Indian Ocean.

This will be a first of its kind project as no underwater exploration has so far been done to find out whether Ram Setu or the Adam's Bridge is a myth or artificial phenomenon.

In March this year, the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) had announced to conduct an underwater exploration study on Ram Setu based on a proposal of Assam University, a central university."

[Read The Full Story]

[This is great news that Ram's Bridge will at last be properly investigated by competant marine archaeologists. The excuse that the story was merely an ancient 'myth' had persisted for many, many decades, and brings to mind the inststance of mainstream archaeology that Homer's story of the fall of Troy was similarly just an ancient 'myth'.

But excavations eventually showed that Troy was indeed a real place and this is now accepted as fact. It's well worth a visit to read the full story at Hindustan Times, and see the satellite image of the area - Ed.]

 

"2,500 years of seafaring history revealed
deep in the Black Sea"

September 22, 2017, Heritage Daily, UK
"One of the largest maritime archaeological projects ever staged, The Black Sea MAP (Maritime Archaeological Project), has revealed 60 astonishingly well-preserved shipwrecks, helping write the history of nearly 2,500 years of seafaring tradition in the Black Sea.

Managed by EEF Expeditions Limited, with the University of Southampton leading scientific investigations, the project has revealed an extensive collection of wrecks using the latest robotic laser scanning, acoustic and photogrammetric techniques.

The oldest of the ships found date from the Classical period, around the fourth or fifth century BC.

Vessels have also been discovered from the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods, spanning two-and-a-half millennia.

Together, they represent an unbroken pattern of trade, warfare and communication that reaches back into prehistory.

Due to the anoxic (oxygen lacking) conditions of the Black Sea below a certain depth, some of the wrecks have survived in incredible condition."
[Read The Full Story]

[As more information about these incredible discoveries emerge into the public domain it seems there are so many wrecks found in that area of the Black Sea it may take decades to investigate them all. It's really well worth a visit to read the full story at Hertiage Daily, and The Black Sea MAP website has many, many photos - Ed.]

 

"2,500 years of seafaring history revealed
deep in the Black Sea"

September 21, 2017, Heritage Daily, UK
"One of the largest maritime archaeological projects ever staged, The Black Sea MAP (Maritime Archaeological Project), has revealed 60 astonishingly well-preserved shipwrecks, helping write the history of nearly 2,500 years of seafaring tradition in the Black Sea.

Managed by EEF Expeditions Limited, with the University of Southampton leading scientific investigations, the project has revealed an extensive collection of wrecks using the latest robotic laser scanning, acoustic and photogrammetric techniques.

The oldest of the ships found date from the Classical period, around the fourth or fifth century BC.

Vessels have also been discovered from the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods, spanning two-and-a-half millennia.

Together, they represent an unbroken pattern of trade, warfare and communication that reaches back into prehistory.

Due to the anoxic (oxygen lacking) conditions of the Black Sea below a certain depth, some of the wrecks have survived in incredible condition."
[Read The Full Story]

[As more information about these incredible discoveries emerge into the public domain it seems there are so many wrecks found in that area of the Black Sea it may take decades to investigate them all. It's really well worth a visit to read the full story at Hertiage Daily, and The Black Sea MAP website has many, many photos - Ed.]

 

"Ancient world shipwreck found in Black Sea"

September 19, 2017, The Sofia Globe, Bulgaria
"Scientists who took part in an expedition of marine archaeology, called Black Sea Maritime Archaeological Project, have found ships used in antiquity at the bottom of the Black Sea.

According to participants, nobody has seen or registered those ships before. One of the wrecks was found very recently.

A submarine with dozens of cameras installed will be used to explore the ship, while scientists will look at the find on monitors.

On Bulgarian National Television (BNT), Dr. Dragomir Grbov from the Center for Underwater Archeology in Sozopol said, one of the most important discoveries in underwater archaeology had been made.

Grbov said, there was an antique ship which was very well preserved, almost in its entirety.

It included 'many elements that are completely unknown to science so far'."
[Read The Full Story]

[Another great discovery! It's an interesting story and has a good photo of the underwater discovery so is well worth a visit - Ed.]

 

"Scientists find perfectly preserved ancient shipwrecks
by accident in Black Sea"

September 18, 2017, The Daily Mirror, UK
"Scientists have discovered dozens of perfectly preserved ancient shipwrecks in the Black Sea.

The underwater archaeological team used Remotely Operated Vehicles to find 60 wrecks dating back 2,500 years, and also galleys from the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires.

They had originally set off to investigate historic climate change along the Bulgarian coast but discovered the ships during underwater surveys.

Because the Black Sea contains almost no oxygen, the finds are in excellent condition - even including intact rope on a Roman ship."
[Read The Full Story]

[A really excellent discovery, and well done The Mirror for highlighting it! There are really great photos of the shipwrecks, and it's well worth a visit to read the full story and see the images - Ed.]

 

"Items Recovered from Wreck of Elgin’s Ship off Kythira"

August 15, 2017, Greek Reporter, Greece
"Chess pawns, combs and a toothbrush are some of the new findings brought to light by the underwater excavation of the wreck of the ship 'Mentor' that sank off the island of Kythira in 1802.

The excavation that continues for the fifth year by the Greek Ephorate of Old Antiquities was conducted from July 8 to 27.

Among other findings are pieces of furniture, coins and other personal possessions of the crew.

Also pieces of a pulley, ropes and other metal objects from one of the ship's masts.

The ship, which was carrying antiquities plundered from the Parthenon by British diplomat Lord Elgin, was bound for England via Malta but sank at the entrance of the port of Avlemona southwest Kythera."
[Read The Full Story]

[Hopefully the marine archaeologists will find more Greek treasures in the plunderer's shipwreck and return them to Greece. Some really good photos of the underwater discoveries make it well worth a visit - Ed.]

 

"Nottingham archaeologist uncovers secrets of
sunken ‘pirate city’ in Jamaica"

July 25, 2017, Notts TV, England
"A Nottingham archaeologist has mapped a lost sunken pirate city in Jamaica using 3D technology.

Dr Jon Henderson, from the University of Nottingham, carried out a high-resolution survey of the underwater ruins of Port Royal.

Once a haven for pirates to trade, drink and launch attacks, a large portion of the settlement was lost in a devastating earthquake in 1692.

Experts have since been trying to record what lies beneath the surface so the city can be better protected.

Dr Henderson has now used new technology to create a precise digital model of its ruins in three dimensions, with photo-realistic detail.

His findings will be shown in a new documentary being broadcast on the National Geographic Channel on Wednesday (July 26)."
[Read The Full Story]

[Great story from Notts TV. It's not often we hear about marine archaeological discoveries in the Caribbean area, so this is indeed a welcome news story. It's really worth reading the full story and seeing the underwater image and diagrams, and do make sure you watch the NatGeo programme tonight. We will - Ed.]

 

"Divers Find 8 More Wrecks at Sunken-Ship Hotspot in Greece"

July 14, 2017, Live Science, USA
"Eight sunken ships have been found around Fourni, a cluster of Greek islands that's a hotspot for wrecks, a team of underwater archaeologists announced.

The new discoveries mean a total of 53 shipwrecks have now been identified at Fourni in an area of 17 square miles (44 square kilometers).

In ancient times, the archipelago was a popular stop along trade routes in the Aegean Sea.

Under normal conditions, the islands' harbours were safe.

But researchers think that with so many vessels passing through the area over thousands of years, several were bound to be lost in storms.

Underwater archaeologists started exploring Fourni only in 2015, when a team from the Greek Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities and the RPM Nautical Foundation (a nonprofit archaeological research and education organization) located 22 shipwrecks.

The divers went back to the site in 2016 and found an additional 23 wrecks."
[Read The Full Story]

[Excellent work by the divers. Until the whole area has been surveyed by marine archaeologists we can only speculate what else may be found amongst the artifacts strewn across that part of the sea floor. It's really worth reading the full story - Ed.]

 

"One thousand six hundred-year-old basilica found
underwater in Turkey"

July 07, 2017, Herald Malaysia, Malaysia
"The remains of a 1,600-year-old Byzantine basilica have been discovered at the bottom of a lake in northwest Turkey at the site of the Councils of Nicaea.

'We have found church remains. It is in a basilica plan and has three naves', Mustafa Zahin, an archaeology professor at Bursa Uluda University, told Hurriyet News.

Plans are now underway to open an underwater museum to allow tourists to view the foundation of the church, which was found lying in 5-7 feet of water in Lake Iznik, in Bursa, Turkey.

The ancient basilica was discovered by aerial photographs taken in 2014 during an inventory of historical and cultural artifacts."
[Read The Full Story]

[Another good discovery by marine archaeologists. Aerial photos are finding important sites that are not easily seen from the ground, and it will be worth following debvelopment. Do read the full story - Ed.]

 

"New sonar searches for Spanish Armada wreckage
to take place in Co Sligo"

May 21, 2017, The Journal, Ireland
"IN 1588, over 1000 Spanish sailors died on the coast of Streedagh, Co Sligo.

They were on board three ships belonging to the huge Spanish Armada, on their way under the orders of the King of Spain, Philip II, to invade England.

But they hit stormy weather when they reached Ireland’s west and north coasts, and over 20 were wrecked.

Just 300 survived of the men who were on the three ships. Some of the survivors were killed by English officers.

Fionnbarr Moore is a senior archaeologist on the Underwater Archaeology Unit of the National Monuments Service, which was set up in 2000 and is working on a project to uncover items from the wreckage at the Streedagh site."
[Read The Full Story]

[It will be ineresting to see what else the marine archaeologists find when they are searching for the wrecks of the Spanish Armada. - Ed.]

 

"Legendary sunken treasure discovered in SW China"

March 20, 2017, XinhuaNet, China
"A centuries-old legend that a vast booty of treasure belonging to the leader of a Chinese peasants uprising was lying at the bottom of a river has now been proven true.

After more than 10,000 items of gold and silver were recovered from the bottom of Minjiang River in Sichuan Province, archeologists confirmed Monday the tale of Zhang Xianzhong and his sunken treasure, dating back to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

Legend had it that in 1646, peasant leader Zhang Xianzhong was defeated by Ming Dynasty soldiers while attempting to transfer his large haul of treasure southward.

About 1,000 boats loaded with money and assorted valuable were said to have sunk in the skirmish.

But for centuries the story remained little more than a rumor with no reliable evidence."
[Read The Full Story]

[Another great story showing that ancient legends are generally fact-based - if only the archaeologists would have listened. It's really well worth a visit to read the story in full, and see over 20 pages of hi-res images of the various finds - Ed.]

 

"Crusader shipwreck, gold found by diving archaeologists
in Israel"

March 10, 2017, Ha'aretz, Israel
"The long-lost wreck of a crusader ship and sunken cargos dating to the 13th century C.E. have been found in the bay of the crusader stronghold city Acre, in northern Israel.

Gold coins dating to the destruction of the crusader bastion in 1291 C.E., when the Mamluk Sultan of Egypt stormed it in a struggle to wrest the Holy Land from the crusaders, were also found in the water by the archaeologists, led by Dr. Deborah Cvikel, Dr. Ehud Galili and Prof. Michal Artzy from Haifa University.

Meanwhile, on land in Acre, an excavation led by Haifa University's Prof. Adrian Boas has found the long-lost headquarters of the Teutonic Order on the eastern side of the city, outside the Ottoman walls.

Beginning with the First Crusade in 1096 C.E. and continuing for two centuries, Christian armies crossed back and forth between Europe and the Middle East, vying against Muslim forces.

Control over Jerusalem was a key issue."
[Read The Full Story]

[Amazing story! Well done Ha'aretz for publishing this discovery. It's really well worth a visit to read it in full, and see the many incredible images of the various finds - Ed.]

 

"Fabled 'Atlantis Alloy' Recovered in Greater Numbers
From Ancient Shipwreck"

February 28, 2017, Seeker, USA
"More ingots of orichalcum, the ancient metal that was purported to be mined at the mythical island of Atlantis, have emerged from the seas of Sicily.

Underwater archaeologists who have been investigating the remains of a ship that sunk 2,600 years ago off the coast of Gela in southern Sicily recovered 47 lumps of the precious alloy earlier this month, along with a jar and two Corinthian helmets.

The newly found ingots come in addition to the 39 orichalcum lumps that were originally recovered in 2015 from the same shipwreck.

'The ship dates to the end the sixth century B.C.', said Sebastiano Tusa, an archaeologist who serves as Sicily's superintendent of the sea.

'It was likely caught in a sudden storm and sunk just when it was about to enter the port.'"
[Read The Full Story]

[An interesting story and well worth reading it in full. Also look at the comments - Ed.]

 

"Show of shipwrecked treasures raises scientists’ ire"

February 07, 2017, Nature, UK
"Archaeologists worry that a museum exhibition will encourage exploitation of priceless historical sites.

A museum show of sumptuous treasures from a ninth-century shipwreck is being denounced by researchers, who say that commercial salvage of the artefacts irreversibly damaged the wreck’s scientific value.

On 6 February, the Advisory Council on Underwater Archaeology sent a letter of opposition to the Asia Society, the non-profit group that is mounting the show of Chinese Tang-dynasty porcelains, gold vessels and other objects from the wreck at its New York City museum.

Critics fear that the exhibition, slated to open on 7 March, will encourage exploitation of wrecks by for-profit firms.

Museums that show salvaged treasures don’t intend to promote treasure-hunting, 'but that’s the effect it has', says Marco Meniketti, an archaeologist at San José State University in California who leads the advisory council."
[Read The Full Story]

[This is a very important story, and well done Nature for hi-lighting it! It's well worth reading the full story and following the relevant links - Ed.]

 

"Goddess sculpture found in Aegean Sea"

January 23, 2017, Hürriyet Daily News, Turkey
"A ceramic sculpture, which is said to be the biggest one in the history of Turkish underwater history, has been discovered off the coast of the Bozburun neighborhood in the western province of Mugla's Marmaris district.

The 2,700-year-old sculpture found during examinations in a ship wreckage, which was unearthed last year in November, belonged to a Cypriot goddess.

The works, carried out by Dokuz Eylül University (DEU) Marine Science and Technology Institute, unearthed the sculpture 43 meters under water, and is reported to date back to the archaic period.

The institute's Aegean Research and Application Center (EBAMER) Deputy Director and the head of the excavations, Associate Professor Harun Özdas, said the excavations were carried out with the permission of the Culture and Tourism Ministry and the support of the Development Ministry.

He said they only found the lower half of the ceramic sculpture along with ceramic plates and amphoras."
[Read The Full Story]

[Another great discovery showing how widespread the Goddess reverence was in not so ancient times. Her different names in the same cultures will likely be shown to follow a simple, but important, seasonal rhythm - Ed.]

 

 

 

To understand why this News Page is sometimes late here is some information about Fibromyalgia



"Atlantis Pyramids Floods"

by

Dennis Brooks

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

"Researchers have many questions regarding both the Great Flood and Atlantis: Which areas were flooded? Where did the flood waters come from? What caused the flooding? How was Atlantis destroyed? Where was Atlantis located?

The short answers: Noah's Flood was caused by tsunami waves that covered all the costal areas around the Atlantic Ocean.

They also flooded the Mediterranean Basin temporarily raising sea level above 600 feet.

The tsunamis were created by comet fragments that landed in the ocean and within the Americas.

Some estimations claim that over 500,000 comet fragments hit the Americas. The craters are called Carolina Bays.

These craters are concentrated along the Atlantic seaboard within the coastal states of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Georgia, Florida, and as far away as Nebraska.

Atlantis was part of Plato's boundless continent, North America. Plato: '. . .and the surrounding land may be most truly called a boundless continent."

Get This Book From:

Amazon.com

Amazon.co.uk


"Voices of the Rocks: A Scientist Looks at Catastrophes and Ancient Civilizations"
by
Dr Robert M. Schoch


Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk

"The great 19th-century battle between catastrophists and uniformitarians seemed to end with the notion of global cataclysms being dismissed as a back door to the supernatural.

But the catastrophist theory has gradually become more and more plausible, so that now, less than a hundred years later, it is widely believed that mass extinctions are linked to meteor strikes."


"Voyages of the
Pyramid Builders"

by
Dr Robert M. Schoch

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com
Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk

"Is it a mere coincidence that pyramids are found across our globe? Did cultures ranging across vast spaces in geography and time, such as the ancient Egyptians; early Buddhists; the Maya, Inca, Toltec, and Aztec civilizations of the Americas; the Celts of the British Isles; and even the Mississippi Indians of pre-Columbian Illinois, simply dream the same dreams and envision the same structures?


"Underworld: Flooded
Kingdoms of the
Ice Age"

by
Graham Hancock

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com
Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk

"From Graham Hancock, bestselling author of Fingerprints of the Gods, comes a mesmerizing book that takes us on a captivating underwater voyage to find the ruins of a lost civilization that’s been hidden for thousands of years beneath the world’s oceans. While Graham Hancock is no stranger to stirring up heated controversy among scientific experts, his books and television documentaries have intrigued millions of people around the world and influenced many to rethink their views about the origins of human civilization.

Now he returns with an explosive new work of archaeological detection. In Underworld, Hancock continues his remarkable quest underwater, where, according to almost a thousand ancient myths from every part of the globe, the ruins of a lost civilization, obliterated in a universal flood, are to be found."


"Heaven's Mirror"
by
Graham Hancock


Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk

Hancock's chief thesis in "Heaven's Mirror" is that numerous ancient sites and monuments - the pyramids of Mexico and Egypt, the ruins of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, the monuments of Yonaguni in the Pacific, and the megaliths of Peru and Bolivia - are situated in such a way, geodetically, that they point towards some separate and uniform influence, some lost civilization or "invisible college" of astronomer-priests.


"Eden in the East: The Drowned Continent of Southeast Asia"
by
Stephen Oppenheimer

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
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"A book that completetly changes the established and conventional view of prehistory by relocating the Lost Eden - the world's 1st civilization - to S.E. Asia.

At the end of the Ice Age, SouthEast Asia formed a continent twice the size of India, which included Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia and Borneo.

The South China Sea, the Gulf of Thailand and the Java sea, which were all dry, formed the connecting parts of the continent.

Geologically, this half sunken continent is the Shunda shelf or Sundaland.

He produces evidence from ethnography, archaeology, oceanography, from creation stories, myths and sagas and from linguistics and DNA analysis, to argue that this founder civilization was destroyed by a catastrophic flood, caused by a rapid rise in the sea level at the end of the last ice age."


... exclusive ...

October 2002
Morien Institute

illustrated interview with
Professor Masaaki Kimura
of the University of the Ruykyus,
Okinawa, Japan,
regarding
the discovery of:

"Megalithic structures found underwater off the coast of
Yonaguni-jima, Japan"

please left-click to go directly the interview with Professor Masaaki Kimura


... exclusive ...

June 2002
Morien Institute

illustrated interview with
Dr Paul Weinzweig
of Advanced Digital Communications,
Havana, Cuba,
regarding
the discovery of:

"Megalithic urban ruins discovered off the coast of Cuba"

please left-click to go directly the interview with Dr Paul Weinzweig


"Maritime Archaeology:
A Technical Handbook"

by
Jeremy Green

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk

"Jeremy Green's systematic overview of maritime archaeology offers a step-by-step description of this fast-growing field.

With new information about the use of computers and Global Positioning Systems, the second edition of this handbook shows how to extract as much information as possible from a site, how to record and document the data, and how to act ethically and responsibly with the artifacts.

Treating underwater archaeology as a discipline, the book demonstrates how archaeologists, 'looters', academics, and governments interact and how the market for archaeological artifacts creates obstacles and opportunities for these groups.

Well illustrated and comprehensive in its approach to the subject, this book provides an essential foundation for everybody interested in underwater environments, submerged land structures, and conditions created by sea level changes."


"Discoveries:
Underwater Archaeology"

by
Jean-Yves Blot
&
Alexandra Campbell

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk

"Some of the most exciting archaeological discoveries aren't made by Indiana Jones wannabes prowling through the jungle in search of forgotten cities or by Egyptologists looking for lost passageways in the pyramids.

They are found by divers exploring shipwrecks such as the Titanic and the U.S.S. Monitor.

Every now and then they even uncover the remains of human settlements sleeping beneath the waves.

Underwater Archaeology is an inexpensive and colorful book about the people who do this work and what they sometimes bring to the surface--a great introduction to the subject.

It is another fine title in the Discoveries series of books published by Harry N. Abrams."


"Man: 12, 000 Years Under the Sea
a Story of Underwater Archaeology"

by
Robert F. Burgess
&
George F. Bass

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk

"Man: 12,000 Years Under the Sea is the dramatic story of underwater archaeology.

The work looks back at Greek divers' discovery of ancient statues in the sea, and covers the history of marine archaeology to the present, including the recovery of Ice Age Man's 12,000-year-old remains from the bottom of Florida springs.

Burgess writes from his experience for an assured exciting read.

In Man: 12,000 Years Under the Sea Robert Burgess gives us a peak at . . . the work done by sponge divers, treasure hunters and underwater archaeologists.

The excitement and hazard of underwater exploration is so clearly described that I was tempted to get a diving suit to join them. This book is more than intriguing, it is a necessity."

 

 

History's Mysteries

"Do undersea relics near Okinawa offer proof of a sophisticated civilization during the last ice age? Archeologists have long believed that civilization as we define it - intelligent, tool-making, monument building, social humans - began about 5,000 years ago. But submerged beneath the waves near the Japanese island of Yonaguni is evidence that may well overturn that long-held theory.

A small but persuasive number of scholars and scientists have long thought that "advanced" societies may have existed as long as 10,000 years ago. Their theories, however well reasoned and defended, have been hamstrung by a lack of evidence. But recent discoveries of man-made artifacts on the Pacific seafloor may well prove to be the smoking gun that will propel this alternative view of civilization to prominence".

see the evidence with 'unique underwater footage' of the Yonaguni structures
in the new DVD of the 'History Channel' television programme

"Japan's Mysterious Pyramids"
Only Available On NTSC DVD

 

Google
  Web The Morien Institute

 

please take a look at our Ancient Mysteries Bookshoppe for a wide selection of books
that challenge orthodox views of prehistory on every continent

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