The Morien Institute - The events of December 16th to 22nd 1994, when the remnants of a fragmenting comet, P/Shoemaker-Levy 9, bombarded the surface of Jupiter causing fireballs many times the size of our own planet, were an abrupt wake-up call even for those who were aware of them. The historical sciences generally, and archćology in particular, have collectively painted a picture of the past as if our planet stands alone in empty space. Nothing could be further from reality. Our resilient planet exists in a solar system that has experienced a very dynamic history over the past 20 to 30 millennia, and it is only from this wider solar system perspective that the true history of human civilisation will ever be fully understood. The Morien Institute archive therefore contains relevant material from many disciplines.

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

Image of a revolving globe showing current sea levels since the end of the last ice age, before which many ancient societies like Atlantis flourished all over planet Earth on the continental shelves that were inundated by the rising sea levels caused by the melting ice sheets.

Skywatching Calendar July 01 to September 30 2018

text translation service for many worldwide languages

 

Skywatching Calendars for:
January - March 2018 | April - June 2018 | October - December 2018

 

For Your Safety When Daytime Skywatching Please Visit These Websites:

Safe SunWatching | Observing Eclipses Safely | Safely Viewing Sunspots
Safety In Sight | Solar and Heliospheric Observatory


 


Useful Websites for Skywatchers:

Theodore von Kármán Lecture Series

Space Weather Radio

NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day Archive 1996 to present

António Cidadăo's Practical Advice for Astrophotography & CCD Imaging

Phil Plait's Bad Astronomy Website debunks astro-nonsense


As of July 01 2018
according to Near-Earth asteroid monitoring groups there were
?
KNOWN Potentially Hazardous Asteroids
in Earth-crossing orbits


Why Does This Number Go Up, Then Sometimes Go Down?

Book an Educational Visit to the UK SpaceGuard Centre
The National Near Earth Objects Information Centre
is located in Knighton, Powys, LD7 1LW, Wales, United Kingdom

It is open for Public Tours (suitable for ages 9+), and also for
School Tours (suitable for primary & secondary schools)

They are are easily accessible - See Map and directions


Impact Craters on Earth, our Moon
and the other planets in our Solar System

USAF Archive of Fireball Data Releases

NASA JPL Asteroid Watch

The Longterm Impact Hazard to Earth

 

The 3,600 year-old Nebra Sky Disc

an image of the Nebra Sky Disc which is a clickable image link to a book about it from amazon
Made of bronze, with gold decorations of the Sun, Moon and Pleiades
click the image to find out more

 

You Can Help To Support This Free Service
If You Buy Your Books About:
Comets & Cometary Debris, Asteroids, Meteors & Meteor Showers
Impact Craters, Meteorites and General Astronomy
From These Links Provided By
The Morien Institute

 

Free Open Source Planetarium
For Your Computer

- Enjoy -

 

 Today is  

 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources
Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm
What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star | Heliophysics Summer School
NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency
Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System
Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery
Realtime Comet Photo Gallery

a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

CURRENT MOON

 

 

July 2018 Celestial Events & Space Research News

July 2018 SkyMaps & Sky Guides will not be available until July 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT

July 2018 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....
BBC The Sky at Night - July 2018
Meteorite Times Magazine - July 2018 - available mid-July
At the start of July 2018 the Sunspot Number is ?

July 01 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 02 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 03 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Aten Asteroid 2005 MF5 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.083 AU)

July 04 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Aten Asteroid 2016 NB1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.068 AU)

July 05 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

July 06 2018 - 16:47 UT

Earth at Aphelion
(furthest from the Sun - 1.017 AU)

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

July 06 2018 - 07:51 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 

July 06 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 07 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 08 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 09 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 10 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 11 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 12 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Mercury - At Its Greatest Eastern Elongation (26°) - as seen from Earth

 

July 13 2018 - 02:48 UT

New Moon

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

July 13 2018 - 08:28 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 357,432 km)

 

July 13 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Partial Solar Eclipse

July 14 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 15 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 16 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet 49P/Arend-Rigaux - Perihelion (1.430 AU)

July 17 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 18 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

July 19 2018 - 19:52 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 

July 19 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet P/2013 CU129 (PANSTARRS) - Closest Approach To Earth (0.236 AU)
Comet C/2017 T3 (ATLAS) - Perihelion (0.825 AU)

July 20 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 21 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2012 BV26 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.053 AU)

July 22 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet P/2007 T2 (Kowalski) - Perihelion (0.656 AU)
Comet 267P/LONEOS - Perihelion (1.241 AU)

July 23 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 24 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 25 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2014 WO371 Near-Earth Flyby (0.060 AU)

July 26 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

July 27 2018 - 05:44 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 406,223 km)

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

July 27 2018 - 20:20 UT

Full Buck Moon

 

July 27 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
July 2018 Total Lunar Eclipse - totality visible over Western Africa, and Central Asia,
Mars - At Opposition
Comet 138P/Shoemaker-Levy 7 - At Opposition (1.894 AU)

July 28 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 29 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Southern Delta-Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak
Apollo Asteroid 439313 (2012 VE82) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.068 AU)

July 30 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 31 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet 3D/Biela Closest Approach To Earth (1.717 AU)
Comet 3D/Biela - At Opposition (1.717 AU)

 

You Can Help To Support This Free Service
If You Buy Your Books About:
Comets & Cometary Debris, Asteroids, Meteors & Meteor Showers
Impact Craters, Meteorites and General Astronomy
From These Links Provided By
The Morien Institute

 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources
Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm
What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star | Heliophysics Summer School
NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency
Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System
Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery
Realtime Comet Photo Gallery

a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

CURRENT MOON

 

August 2018
Live Celestial Events & Space Research News

August 2018 SkyMaps and Sky Guides are NOT AVAILABLE UNTIL August 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT

August 2018 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....
BBC The Sky at Night - August 2018
Meteorite Times Magazine - August 2018 - available mid-August
At the start of August 2018 the Sunspot Number is ?

August 01 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Alpha Capricornids Meteor Shower Peak
Apollo Asteroid 420591 (2012 HF31) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.072 AU)
Comet C/2017 T3 (ATLAS - Closest Approach To Earth (1.351 AU)

August 02 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

August 03 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

August 04 2018 - 18:18 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 

August 04 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

August 05 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Aten Asteroid 398188 Agni (2010 LE15) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.060 AU)
Comet P/2013 R3 (Catalina-PANSTARRS) - At Opposition (1.306 AU)

August 06 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Southern Iota Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak
Aten Asteroid 2011 FQ6 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.094 AU)

August 07 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet C/2017 S3 (PANSTARRS) - Closest Approach To Earth (0.758 AU)

August 08 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Svetlana Savitskaya's 70th Birthday (1948)
Comet 66P/du Toit - Closest Approach To Earth (0.917 AU)

August 09 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

August 10 2018 - 18:05 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 358,083 km)

 

August 10 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

August 11 2018 - 09:58 UT

New Moon

 

August 11 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Partial Solar eclipse of August 11, 2018

August 12 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Perseids Meteor Shower Peak Overnight - look tonight until dawn tomorrow
Perseids Meteor Shower History & Observing SkyMaps
2018 Perseids Meteor Shower - history and observing advice
Comet 73P-S/Schwassmann-Wachmann - Perihelion (1.028 AU)
Comet P/2013 R3 (Catalina-PANSTARRS) - Closest Approach To Earth (1.300 AU)

August 13 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2008 AG4 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.094 AU)

August 14 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Realtime Meteor Photo Gallery - from SpaceWeather.com
Comet 3D/Biela Perihelion (0.803 AU)
Comet 245P/WISE - Closest Approach To Earth (1.637 AU)

August 15 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Amor Asteroid 2011 UA - Near-Earth Flyby (0.081 AU)
Comet C/2017 S3 (PANSTARRS) - Perihelion (0.208 AU)

August 16 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet 138P/Shoemaker-Levy - Closest Approach To Earth (1.841 AU)

August 17 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Venus - At Its Greatest Eastern Elongation (46°) - as seen from Earth
Aten Asteroid 2016 JJ17 Near-Earth Flyby (0.065 AU)

August 18 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet 37P/Forbes - Closest Approach To Earth (0.975 AU)
Comet 137P/Shoemaker-Levy - At Opposition (1.204 AU)

 

August 18 2018 - 07:48 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 

August 19 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

August 20 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Aten Asteroid 2017 FR63 Near-Earth Flyby (0.099 AU)
Comet 48P/Johnson - Closest Approach To Earth (1.014 AU)
Comet 78P/Gehrels - At Opposition (1.660 AU)

August 21 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

August 22 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Aten Asteroid 2015 QM3 Near-Earth Flyby (0.063 AU)
Comet P/1996 R2 (Lagerkvist) - At Opposition (1.774 AU)

 

August 23 2018 - 11:23 UT

Moon at Apogee

(furthest from the Earth = 405,744 km)

 

August 23 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

August 24 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

August 25 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Northern Iota Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak
Apollo Asteroid 2005 QQ87 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.089 AU)

 

August 26 2018 - 11:56 UT

Full Sturgeon Moon

 

August 26 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Mercury - At Its Greatest Western Elongation (18°) - as seen from Earth
Amor Asteroid 2016 RW17 Near-Earth Flyby (0.069 AU)

August 27 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

August 28 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Aten Asteroid 2016 GK135 Near-Earth Flyby (0.043 AU)
Apollo Asteroid 358744 (2008 CR118) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.099 AU)
Comet 125P/Spacewatch - Perihelion (1.520 AU)

August 29 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Aten Asteroid 1998 SD9 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.011 AU)
Aten Asteroid 2016 NF23 Near-Earth Flyby (0.034 AU)
Comet P/1996 R2 (Lagerkvist) - Closest Approach To Earth (1.767 AU

August 30 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet 245P/WISE - At Opposition (1.673 AU

August 31 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

You Can Help To Support This Free Service
If You Buy Your Books About:
Comets & Cometary Debris, Asteroids, Meteors & Meteor Showers
Impact Craters, Meteorites and General Astronomy
From These Links Provided By
The Morien Institute

 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources
Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm
What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star | Heliophysics Summer School
NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency
Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System
Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery
Realtime Comet Photo Gallery

a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

CURRENT MOON

 

September 2018
Live Celestial Events & Space Research News

September 2018 SkyMaps and Sky Guides are NOT AVAILABLE UNTIL September 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT

September 2018 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....
Astronomy Today Sky Guide - September 2018
Meteorite Times Magazine - September 2018 - available mid-September
At the start of September 2018 the Sunspot Number is ?

September 01 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2017 RL16 Near-Earth Flyby (0.096 AU)

September 02 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2011 CX46 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.061 AU)

 

September 03 2018 - 02:37 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 

September 03 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2015 FP118 Near-Earth Flyby (0.031 AU)

September 04 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet 73P-S/Schwassmann-Wachmann - Closest Approach To Earth (0.893 AU)

September 05 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet 137P/Shoemaker-Levy - Closest Approach To Earth (1.168 AU)

September 06 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet 223P/Skiff - At Opposition (1.622 AU)

September 07 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Amor Asteroid 2007 RZ8 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.096 AU)

 

September 08 2018 - 01:21 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 361,355 km)

 

September 08 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

September 09 2018 - 18:01 UT

New Moon

 

September 09 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

September 10 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner - Perihelion (1.013 AU)

September 11 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2008 KZ5 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.075 AU)
Apollo Asteroid 504800 (2010 CO1) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.081 AU)
Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner - Closest Approach To Earth (0.391 AU)
Comet 73P-Y/Schwassmann-Wachmann - Perihelion (0.946 AU

September 12 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

September 13 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2017 SK21 Near-Earth Flyby (0.094 AU)
Comet 79P/du Toit-Hartley - Perihelion (1.121 AU)

September 14 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet 37P/Forbes - At Opposition (1.047 AU)
Comet 223P/Skiff - Closest Approach To Earth (1.612 AU)

September 15 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

September 16 2018 - 23:15 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 

September 16 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 144332 (2004 DV24) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.056 AU)

September 17 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

September 18 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Valentina Ponomaryova's 85th Birthday (1933)
Comet 46P/Wirtanen - At Opposition (0.595 AU)

September 19 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

September 20 2018 - 00:54 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 404,875 km)

 

September 20 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2017 SL16 Near-Earth Flyby (0.022 AU)
Apollo Asteroid 2012 TT5 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.092 AU)
Comet 131P/Mueller - At Opposition (1.550 AU)

September 21 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

September 22 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

September 23 2018 - 01:54 UT

Alban Elfed
Autumnal Equinox

 

September 23 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

September 24 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2015 EP7 Near-Earth Flyby (0.053 AU)

 

September 25 2018 - 02:52 UT

Full Harvest Moon

 

September 25 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Apollo Asteroid 2007 TV18 Near-Earth Flyby (0.052 AU)

September 26 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Amor Asteroid 2013 US8 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.094 AU)
Comet 131P/Mueller - Closest Approach To Earth (1.544 AU)

September 27 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

September 28 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Comet P/2013 CU129 (PANSTARRS) - At Opposition (0.632 AU)
Comet 66P/du Toit At Opposition (1.106 AU) - At Opposition (1.106 AU)
Comet 73P-T/Schwassmann-Wachmann - Closest Approach To Earth (1.606 AU)

September 29 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Aten Asteroid 2015 SO2 Near-Earth Flyby (0.099 AU)

September 30 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....
Astronomy Picture of the Day

To understand why the Skywatching Calendar is sometimes late here is some information about Fibromyalgia

For Your Interest:

Astronomy Books
Night-Sky Software
Astronomy Programs
Telescopes & Accessories
Skywatching Binoculars


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"Archaeoastronomy
and the Maya"

by
Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos
and
Edwin L. Barnhart

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"Cosmology, Calendars,
and Horizon-based Astronomy
in Ancient Mesoamerica"

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Anne S. Dowd
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Susan Milbrath

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"Architecture, Astronomy
and Sacred Landscape
in Ancient Egypt"

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Giulio Magli
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Michael A. Morse

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"Ancient Egyptian Sky Lore:
Rethinking the
Conventional Wisdom"

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Joanne Conman

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"The 2300 BC Event - Vol. 1:
Archaeology and Geophysics
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M. M. Mandelkehr

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"The 2300 BC Event takes a new look at an old puzzle: what happened
at this date to cause the various advanced societies on the Earth to simultaneously collapse?

Civilizations in Anatolia and Greece, through Egypt and the Middle East, and eastward to India and Central Asia were at their height. The collapse of these civilizations due to earthquakes and climatic changes has been mirrored by similar interruptions on all continents, in the Arctic, and extending to the Pacific.

The discontinuities have long puzzled archaeologists and historians. New religions and accompanying mythologies appeared at this time in all cultural regions describing bombardment and flooding from the skies.

Strangely, the dominant aspect of the mythologies, however, is the observation and worship of a ring appearing to surround the Earth, oriented to the two Ursa (Bear) constellations."

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"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 2:
Mythology
The Eyewitness Accounts"

by
M. M. Mandelkehr

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"Some time around 2300 BC the Earth encountered a dense clustering of space debris, the early Southern & Northern Taurid meteoroid stream. The result was an intense fall of meteoroids, some of them sufficiently large to cause surface destruction.

Simultaneous with the meteoroid fall was a huge downpouring of water which caused flash flooding. Extensive destruction and loss of life resulted. An astonishing aspect of the event was the formation of a ring surrounding the Earth, reflecting sunlight during the day, hiding some stars at night, and moving around the sky through a 24-hour period.

Following the 'main event', there were crustal movements which shifted the location of water sources, and caused earthquakes which destroyed settlements. Abrupt severe climate changes occurred."

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"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 3:
Mythology
The Eyewitness Accounts 2"

by
M. M. Mandelkehr

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

"The Northern/Southern Taurid meteoroid stream is identified as the specific meteoroid stream that the Earth encountered at 2300 BC.

The Earth's encounter with a dense cluster of large objects would produce atmospheric phenomena very different from the pleasant and interesting night displays of meteor trails that are within our own experience.

The rain of objects would have generated extraordinary visual and auditory effects combined with ground vibrations; and under extreme conditions would bring about severe surface destruction and loss of life.

The overall event was associated by the people with powerful deities and formed the basis for major religions. The mythologies and traditions are, in large part, the residues of those religions."

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"Natural Catastrophes During Bronze Age Civilisations"
(British Archaeological
Reports)
by
Benny J. Peiser
Trevor Palmer
Mark E. Bailey
(Editors)


Get This Book From:
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Research in the field of neo-catastrophism and impact cratering has quickened its pace since the early 1980s. Scholars such as Victor Clube, Bill Napier, Mark Bailey, Sir Fred Hoyle and Duncan Steel claim that a more 'active' sky might have caused major cultural changes of Bronze Age civilizations, belief systems and religious rituals."


"Archaeoastronomy of Southeast Colorado and the Oklahoma Panhandle"
by
William R McGlone

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"A Little History of
Astro-Archaeology:
Stages in the Transformation
of a Heresy"

by
John Michell

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"Mysteries and Discoveries of Archaeoastronomy:
From Giza to Easter Island"

by
Giulio Magli

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"This complete, authoritative study of the growing discipline of Archaeoastronomy examines the role of astronomy in antiquity. Professor Giulio Magli provides a clear, up-to-date survey of current thinking on the motives of the ancients for building fabulous and mysterious monuments all over our planet. Was it an attempt to reproduce the sky on Earth, to bring down the power of the stars to where they could see it, worship it and use it?

The connecting thread is astronomy: Giulio Magli uses astronomy as a key to understanding our ancestors’ way of thinking. It is a challenge he likes to call ‘predicting the past’ - archaeology as a science is able to make predictions, like any other science, and to check them.

All of the astronomical achievements of the past are considered as a whole, in a comprehensive way that shows the depth and breadth of the thought behind them. In the past, the motives of the ancients – and particularly their scientific thought – have often been misconstrued, maligned or even dismissed.

In an ironic, provocative style, Professor Magli shows the limitations of orthodox archaeology in the face of astronomically-based artefacts and tries to understand what led the ancients to construct magnificent buildings such as the city of Teotihuacan in the Mexico Valley, the Ceremonial Centre of Chaco Canyon in the USA, the Avebury stone circle in Great Britain or the Great Pyramids in Egypt.

The book is divided into two parts. In the first, the reader is taken on an ideal ‘world tour’ of many wonderful and enigmatic places in almost every continent, in search of traces of astronomical knowledge and lore of the sky. In the second part, Giulio Magli uses the elements presented in the tour to show that the fundamental idea which led to the construction of the astronomically-related giant monuments was the foundation of power, a foundation which was exploited by ‘replicating’ the sky.

A possible interpretive model then emerges that is founded on the relationship the ancients had with “nature”, in the sense of everything that surrounded them, the cosmos. The numerous monumental astronomically aligned structures of the past then become interpretable as acts of will, expressions of power on the part of those who held it; the will to replicate the heavenly plane here on earth and to build sacred landscapes."


"Under Ancient Skies:
Ancient Astronomy and
Terrestrial Catastrophism"

by
Paul Dunbavin

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"A Sumerian Observation of the Kofels' Impact Event"
by
Mark Hempsell
&
Alan Bond

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"Ancient Astronomers:
Exploring the Ancient World"

by
Anthony F. Aveni,
Jeremy A. Sabloff
(Editor)

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"Stonehenge: A New Interpretation of Prehistoric Man and the Cosmos"
by
John David North

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"Stonehenge has fascinated mankind for centuries, enveloping generation after generation in its haunting mystery. But while much has been learned about this ancient monument, the fundamental questions remain: Who built it? What was its purpose? How was it used?

Drawing on more than 15 years of research, John North has at last succeeded where others have failed. He comprehensively examines Stonehenge from all available angles -- archeological, astronomical, and spiritual -- and considers relevant research from other prehistoric remains in Britain and Northern Europe. He shows, for the first time, that the stones were not so much sighting devices as maps of the heavens and that the design of the monument evolved over thousands of years rather than conforming to a single original blueprint.

Such observations form the basis of deductions about prehistoric life and religion that will profoundly affect our understanding of who we are and where we came from."

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"Avebury Cosmos:
The Neolithic World
of Avebury henge"

by
Nicholas R. Mann

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"The Newgrange Sirius Mystery"
by
E. A. James Swagger

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"Megalithic Measures
and Rhythms:
Sacred Knowledge of the
Ancient Britons"

by
Anne Macaulay

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"Archaeoastronomy
and the Maya"

by
Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos
and
Edwin L. Barnhart

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"Cosmology, Calendars,
and Horizon-based Astronomy
in Ancient Mesoamerica"

by
Anne S. Dowd
and
Susan Milbrath

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"Architecture, Astronomy
and Sacred Landscape
in Ancient Egypt"

by
Giulio Magli
and
Michael A. Morse

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