The Morien Institute - The events of December 16th to 22nd 1994, when the remnants of a fragmenting comet, P/Shoemaker-Levy 9, bombarded the surface of Jupiter causing fireballs many times the size of our own planet, were an abrupt wake-up call even for those who were aware of them. The historical sciences generally, and archæology in particular, have collectively painted a picture of the past as if our planet stands alone in empty space. Nothing could be further from reality. Our resilient planet exists in a solar system that has experienced a very dynamic history over the past 20 to 30 millennia, and it is only from this wider solar system perspective that the true history of human civilisation will ever be fully understood. The Morien Institute archive therefore contains relevant material from many disciplines.

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

Image of a revolving globe showing current sea levels since the end of the last ice age, before which many ancient societies like Atlantis flourished all over planet Earth on the continental shelves that were inundated by the rising sea levels caused by the melting ice sheets.

Skywatching Calendar April 01 to June 30 2020

text translation service for many worldwide languages

 

 

Skywatching Calendars for:

January - March 2020 | July - September 2020 | October - December 2020

 


For Your Safety When Daytime Skywatching Please Visit These Websites:

Safe SunWatching | Observing Eclipses Safely | Safely Viewing Sunspots

Safety In Sight | Solar and Heliospheric Observatory




Useful Websites for Skywatchers:

Theodore von Kármán Lecture Series

Space Weather Radio

NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day Archive 1996 to present

António Cidadão's Practical Advice for Astrophotography & CCD Imaging

Phil Plait's Bad Astronomy Website debunks astro-nonsense

How do I translate Universal Time into my time?



As of April 01 2020
according to Near-Earth asteroid monitoring groups there were
2018
KNOWN Potentially Hazardous Asteroids
in Earth-crossing orbits


Why Does This Number Go Up, Then Sometimes Go Down?

Book an Educational Visit to the UK SpaceGuard Centre

The National Near Earth Objects Information Centre
is located in Knighton, Powys, LD7 1LW, Wales, United Kingdom

It is open for Public Tours (suitable for ages 9+), and also for
School Tours (suitable for primary & secondary schools)


They are are easily accessible - See Map and directions


Impact Craters on Earth, our Moon
and the other planets in our Solar System

NASA JPL Asteroid Watch

 

The 3,600 year-old Nebra Sky Disc

an image of the Nebra Sky Disc which is a clickable image link to a book about it from amazon
Made of bronze, with gold decorations of the Sun, Moon and Pleiades
click the image to find out more

 

 

Free Open Source Planetarium
For Your Computer

- Enjoy -

 

 

 Today is  


 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

April 2020 Celestial Events & Space Research News

April 2020 SkyMaps & Sky Guides will not be available until April 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


April 2020 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

BBC The Sky at Night - April 2020

Meteorite Times Magazine - April 2020 - usually up online the middle of the month

Radio Jove - Solar & Planetary Radio Astronomy for Schools

Which stars were you REALLY born under? - Find your ASTRONOMICAL STAR SIGN

At the start of April 2020 the Sunspot Number is 12


 

April 01 2020 - 11:21 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 


April 01 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"What NASA is doing to keep COVID-19 off the space station"

"Why Have Parts of Mercury's Landscape 'Deflated'?"

"Astronaut urine could help us build Moon bases — seriously" - Hmmm ...


April 02 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2019 GM1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.023 AU)

"An Eclipse Globe for the 21st Century"

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia April 02 - April 09"

"Mapping Out the Water on the Moon"


April 03 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 GH encounter - miss distance 0.3 LD, size = 6 metres

Mercury Passes 1.4° From Neptune - as seen from Earth with a suitable telescope

Venus Passes 0.3° From The Pleiades - as seen from Earth

"Sunrise CubeSats Will Study Giant Solar Storms"

"How does astronomy affect your day-to-day life?"


April 04 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2015 FC35 Near-Earth Flyby (0.027 AU)

"Astronomers are hoping to see the very first stars and galaxies in the Universe"


April 05 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 GM encounter - miss distance 2.3 LD, size = 18 metres

"SpaceX Will be Flying Cargo to the Moon"


April 06 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 GB1 encounter - miss distance 1.1 LD, size = 15 metres

"Is the Interstellar Comet 2I/Borisov Breaking Up?"

"A black hole creates a cosmic ray gun"


 

April 07 2020 - 18:08 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 356,909 km) m

 


April 07 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"COVID-19 forces Earth's largest telescopes to close"

"Oh No! Comet ATLAS Is Fragmenting"


 

April 08 2020 - 03:35 UT

Full Pink Moon
(SuperMoon)

 


April 08 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mars Autumnal Equinox

Asteroid 2020 GF1 encounter - miss distance 1.5 LD, size = 20 metres

Comet 210P/Christensen - Perihelion (0.528 AU)


April 09 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia April 09 - April 16"

"How bad is light pollution in your community? You can help find out."

"A Farewell to Orion"

"NASA’s Plans For a Lunar Base Camp


April 10 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2019 HM Near-Earth Flyby (0.019 AU)

"Earth's best telescopes have closed, but the hunt for dangerous asteroids continues"


April 11 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 363599 (2004 FG11) Near-Earth Flyby (0.049 AU)

"Trump signs an executive order allowing mining the Moon and asteroids"


April 12 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 GF2 encounter - miss distance 2.4 LD, size = 23 metres

Asteroid 2020 GV2 encounter - miss distance 2.9 LD, size = 15 metres


April 13 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Cosmic visitor ‘Oumuamua may have been ripped from an alien world"

"When Comets Break Up, the Fragments Can Be Devastating If They Hit the Earth"


 

April 14 2020 - 23:56 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 


April 14 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Astronomers Detect One of the Most Luminous Supernovae Ever"

"Comet Y4 ATLAS Breaks Up…Enter Comet F8 SWAN"


April 15 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 GH2 encounter - miss distance 0.9 LD, size = 17 metres

"New images of the Sun reveal thin threads of million-degree plasma"

"Shadow-casting with Venus"

"New Comet Alert! Quartet of Comets Grace Our Skies"


April 16 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia April 16 - April 23"

"Vast Magnetic 'Strings' Puzzle Astronomers"


April 17 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Meet Dubhe, Giant of the Big Dipper"


April 18 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 HF encounter - miss distance 2.3 LD, size = 33 metres

"Earth-sized, habitable-zone exoplanet found hiding in Kepler data"

"Betelgeuse Is Bright Again"


April 19 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Watch for Lyrid meteors this week

Lyrid meteor shower best before dawn

Asteroid 2020 HV encounter - miss distance 1.1 LD, size = 6 metres

Asteroid 2020 GZ2 encounter - miss distance 2.1 LD, size = 9 metres


 

April 20 2020 - 19:01 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 406,463 km)

 


April 20 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 HU3 encounter - miss distance 3.3 LD, size = 23 metres

"Catching the Peak of the 2020 April Lyrids"


April 21 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Lyrids meteor shower April 21-22, 2020 - visible overnight til dawn tomorrow

"Interstellar Comet 2I/Borisov Formed in a Very Cold Environment"

"The Origins of Interstellar Objects"


April 22 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Lyrids Meteor Shower History of Parent Comet

Lyrids Meteor Shower SkyMap

Asteroid 2020 HF5 encounter - miss distance 0.4 LD, size = 16 metres

"Hubble watches a suspected exoplanet disappear before its very eyes"

"Chase a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid As It Flies by Earth"


 

April 23 2020 - 03:27 UT

New Moon

 


April 23 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

2020 Lyrids Meteor Shower Peak

Asteroid 2020 HO5 encounter - miss distance 2.5 LD, size = 7 metres

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia April 23 - April 30"

"Did Pluto Harbor an Ancient Subsurface Ocean?"


April 24 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 HX3 encounter - miss distance 0.7 LD, size = 13 metres

"New, Incredibly Detailed Geologic Map of the Moon"

"Why are Venus’ clouds so weird?"

"Celebrating 30 Years: The Universe Through Hubble's Eye"


April 25 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


April 26 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 HT8 encounter - miss distance 0.4 LD, size = 8 metres

Asteroid 2020 HW6 encounter - miss distance 2.2 LD, size = 22 metres

Asteroid 2020 HN3 encounter - miss distance 2.3 LD, size = 4 metres

"What are gravitational waves?"


April 27 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 HP6 encounter - miss distance 0.3 LD, size = 9 metres

Asteroid 2020 HT7 encounter - miss distance 1.9 LD, size = 15 metres


April 28 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 HS7 encounter - miss distance 0.1 LD, size = 5 metres

"Voyager: What’s next for NASA's interstellar probes?"


April 29 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Amor Asteroid 52768 (1998 OR2) Near-Earth Flyby (0.042 AU)

Asteroid 2020 HJ6 encounter - miss distance 1.7 LD, size = 17 metres

Asteroid 2020 HK6 encounter - miss distance 3.1 LD, size = 11 metres

"How Hubble opened our eyes to the universe's first galaxies"

"Terrible Luck. The Only Person Ever Killed by a Meteorite – Back in 1888"

"Hubble captures dramatic images of comet flying apart"


 

April 30 2020 - 21:38 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 


April 30 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia April 30 - May 07"

"Explore Solar System Worlds with NASA’s Image Archives"

"How Lazy Is the Sun?"


 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

 

May 2020 Celestial Events & Space Research News

May 2020 SkyMaps & Sky Guides NOT AVAILABLE UNTIL May 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


May 2020 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

BBC The Sky at Night - May 2020

Meteorite Times Magazine - May 2020 - usually up online the middle of the month

Radio Jove - Solar & Planetary Radio Astronomy for Schools

At the start of May 2020 the Sunspot Number is 35


May 01 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"May 2020: Venus & Mercury at Dusk"

"The Sun is less active than other solar-like stars"

"Comet C/2020 F8 (Swan) is brightrening rapidly..... " - light curve of Comet Swan

"Hubble captures breakup of Comet ATLAS"


May 02 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 HD10 encounter - miss distance 3.4 LD, size = 13 metres


May 03 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


May 04 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 JJ encounter - miss distance 0 LD, size = 4 metres

"Could There Be Life Under a Hydrogen Sky?"


May 05 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Eta Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak

Eta Aquarids Meteor Shower SkyMap

Eta-Aquariid meteor shower observing prospects

Eta Aquarid Meteor Shower in 2020

Asteroid 2020 JN encounter - miss distance 0.7 LD, size = 12 metres

"The importance of The Geography of the Heavens"


 

May 06 2020 - 03:03 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 359,656 km)

 


May 06 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

n–Aquarid meteor shower

Asteroid 2020 HL6 encounter - miss distance 2.1 LD, size = 10 metres

"Comet SWAN Expected to Put on a Splendid Show"


 

May 07 2020 - 11:45 UT

Full Flower Moon
(SuperMoon)

 


May 07 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2016 HP6 Near-Earth Flyby (0.011 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 438908 (2009 XO) Near-Earth Flyby (0.023 AU)

Comet P/2003 T12 (SOHO) - Perihelion (0.596 AU)

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia May 07 - May 14"

"Astronomy reviews Canon's new astrocamera"

"Ryugu May Have Skirted Close to the Sun"


May 08 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"A Cool Idea to Catch Up With an Interstellar Visitor"

"When Did Mars Lose its Global Magnetic Field?"


May 09 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 HC6 encounter - miss distance 2.9 LD, size = 31 metres

"Space Force is Recruiting, Here’s their New Video" - WTF?


May 10 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Would you be able to tell the difference between a rock and a meteorite?"


May 11 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Reprocessed Images of Europa Make It Even More Interesting and Mysterious"


May 12 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2000 KA Near-Earth Flyby (0.023 AU)

"A meteorite killed a man in Iraq in 1888, historic records suggest"


May 13 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Sediments on Mars, Created By Blowing Wind or Flowing Water"


 

May 14 2020 - 15:03 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 


May 14 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia May 14 - May 21"

"Medieval 'Dark Eclipse' Helps Date Ice Cores and Time Volcanic Eruptions"

"Astronomers Continue to Analyze Pluto’s Atmosphere"


May 15 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 478784 (2012 UV136) Near-Earth Flyby (0.022 AU)

Asteroid 2020 JF1 encounter - miss distance 3.4 LD, size = 13 metres

"Space rocks may have killed the dinosaurs, but they helped create life on Earth too"

"Earth Life Probably Can’t Spread to Mars Today"


May 16 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 JN1 encounter - miss distance 1.1 LD, size = 6 metres


May 17 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day



May 18 2020 - 07:45 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 405,584 km)

 


May 18 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 JE2 encounter - miss distance 2.2 LD, size = 10 metres

"2 asteroids to approach Earth on Monday, one of them Bigger than Statue of Liberty"


May 19 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 KA encounter - miss distance 2 LD, size = 12 metres

"See Comet 2020 F8 (SWAN) gracing UK skies tonight!"


May 20 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


May 21 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 136795 (1997 BQ) Near-Earth Flyby (0.041 AU)

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia May 21 - May 28"

"Here’s your chance to spot Mercury, as it cosies up to Venus this weekend"


 

May 22 2020 - 18:39 UT

New Moon

 


May 22 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury Passes 0.9° From Venus - as seen from Earth

Asteroid 2020 JY1 encounter - miss distance 3.1 LD, size = 31 metres


May 23 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


May 24 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet C/2019 Y4 (ATLAS) - Closest Approach To Earth (0.781 AU)


May 25 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Towel Day - Annual Tribute to Douglas Adams


May 26 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


May 27 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


May 28 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


May 29 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

May 30 2020 - 04:30 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 


May 30 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


May 31 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet C/2019 Y4 (ATLAS) - Perihelion (0.253 AU)


 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

 

June 2020 Celestial Events & Space Research News

June 2020 SkyMaps & Sky Guides NOT AVAILABLE UNTIL June 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


June 2020 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

BBC The Sky at Night - June 2020

Meteorite Times Magazine - June 2020 - usually up online the middle of the month

Radio Jove - Solar & Planetary Radio Astronomy for Schools

At the start of June 2020 the Sunspot Number is ?


June 01 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 02 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

June 03 2020 - 03:36 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 364,366 km)

 


June 03 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 04 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury - At Its Greatest Eastern Elongation (24°) - as seen from Earth


 

June 05 2020 - 20:12 UT

Full Strawberry Moon

 


June 05 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Penumbral Lunar Eclipse of 2020 Jun 05 - visible from Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia

Penumbral Lunar Eclipse of Friday Jun 05 2020 - visibility map


June 06 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 163348 (2002 NN4) Near-Earth Flyby (0.034 AU)


June 07 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 08 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 249P/LINEAR - Closest Approach To Earth (0.429 AU)


June 09 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2013 XA22 Near-Earth Flyby (0.027 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 2013 EC20 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.067 AU)


June 10 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 11 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 12 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mars Passes 1.7° From Neptune - as seen from Earth with a suitable telescope


 

June 13 2020 - 07:24 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 


June 13 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 14 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

June 15 2020 - 00:56 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 404,597 km)

 


June 15 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 16 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 17 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 18 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 19 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2018 PD22 Near-Earth Flyby (0.044 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 2101 Adonis - Closest Approach To Earth (0.368 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 2102 Tantalus - Closest Approach To Earth (0.483 AU)


 

June 20 2020 - 21:44 UT

Alban Hefyn
Summer Solstice

 


June 20 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia June 20 - June 27"


 

June 21 2020 - 07:42 UT

New Moon

 


June 21 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Annular Solar Eclipse of 2020 Jun 21


June 22 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 23 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 24 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 441987 (2010 NY65) Near-Earth Flyby (0.025 AU)


June 25 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2017 FW128 Near-Earth Flyby (0.008 AU)


June 26 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 2P/Encke - Perihelion (0.337 AU)


June 27 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

June 28 2020 - 09:16 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 


June 28 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


June 29 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 249P/LINEAR - Perihelion (0.497 AU)

Comet C/2019 U6 (Lemmon) - Closest Approach To Earth (0.827 AU)


 

June 30 2020 - 02:09 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 368,958 km) M

 


June 30 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


To understand why the Skywatching Calendar is sometimes late here is some information about Fibromyalgia



"Alexander Thom:
Cracking The
Stone Age Code"

by
Robin Heath

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"The Seven Sisters of the Pleiades: Stories from Around the World"
by
Munya Andrews

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"Emu Dreaming:
An Introduction to Australian Aboriginal Astronomy"

by
Ray Norris
and
Cilla Norris

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"The 2300 BC Event - Vol. 1:
Archaeology and Geophysics
& The Meteoroid Stream"

by
M. M. Mandelkehr

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

"The 2300 BC Event takes a new look at an old puzzle: what happened
at this date to cause the various advanced societies on the Earth to simultaneously collapse?

Civilizations in Anatolia and Greece, through Egypt and the Middle East, and eastward to India and Central Asia were at their height. The collapse of these civilizations due to earthquakes and climatic changes has been mirrored by similar interruptions on all continents, in the Arctic, and extending to the Pacific.

The discontinuities have long puzzled archaeologists and historians. New religions and accompanying mythologies appeared at this time in all cultural regions describing bombardment and flooding from the skies.

Strangely, the dominant aspect of the mythologies, however, is the observation and worship of a ring appearing to surround the Earth, oriented to the two Ursa (Bear) constellations."

Get This Book From:
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"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 2:
Mythology
The Eyewitness Accounts"

by
M. M. Mandelkehr

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

"Some time around 2300 BC the Eath encountered a dense clustering of space debris, the early Southern & Northern Taurid meteoroid stream. The result was an intense fall of meteoroids, some of them sufficiently large to cause surface destruction.

Simultaneous with the meteoroid fall was a huge downpouring of water which caused flash flooding. Extensive destruction and loss of life resulted. An astonishing aspect of the event was the formation of a ring surrounding the Earth, reflecting sunlight during the day, hiding some stars at night, and moving around the sky through a 24-hour period.

Following the 'main event', there were crustal movements which shifted the location of water sources, and caused earthquakes which destroyed settlements. Abrupt severe climate changes occurred."

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"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 3:
Mythology
The Eyewitness Accounts 2"

by
M. M. Mandelkehr

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"The Northern/Southern Taurid meteoroid stream is identified as the specific meteoroid stream that the Earth encountered at 2300 BC.

The Earth's encounter with a dense cluster of large objects would produce atmospheric phenomena very different from the pleasant and interesting night displays of meteor trails that are within our own experience.

The rain of objects would have generated extraordinary visual and auditory effects combined with ground vibrations; and under extreme conditions would bring about severe surface destruction and loss of life.

The overall event was associated by the people with powerful deities and formed the basis for major religions. The mythologies and traditions are, in large part, the residues of those religions."

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Heliophysics
Text Books

"Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability, the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets.

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate."

"Heliophysics I:
Plasma Physics of the
Local Cosmos"

Edited by
Carolus J. Schrijver
&
George L. Siscoe

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"This volume, the first in a series of three heliophysics texts, integrates such diverse topics for the first time as a coherent intellectual discipline.

It emphasizes the physical processes coupling the Sun and Earth, allowing insights into the interaction of the solar wind and radiation with the Earth's magnetic field, atmosphere and climate system.

It provides a core resource for advanced undergraduates and graduates, and also constitutes a foundational reference for researchers in heliophysics, astrophysics, plasma physics, space physics, solar physics, aeronomy, space weather, planetary science and climate science."

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Additional online resources
including lecture presentations
and other teaching materials
became available towards
the end of 2014 at:
www.cambridge.org/9780521110617


"Heliophysics II:
Space storms and radiation:
causes and effects"

Edited by
Carolus J. Schrijver
&
George L. Siscoe

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"The Sun is a magnetically variable star and for planets with intrinsic magnetic fields, planets with atmospheres, or planets like Earth with both, there are profound consequences.

This 2010 volume, the second in this series of three heliophysics texts, integrates the many aspects of space storms and the energetic radiation associated with them - from causes on the Sun to effects in planetary environments.

It reviews the physical processes in solar flares and coronal mass ejections, interplanetary shocks, and particle acceleration and transport, and considers many space weather responses in geospace. In addition to its utility as a textbook, it also constitutes a foundational reference for researchers in fields from heliophysics to climate science."

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"Heliophysics III:
Evolving Solar Activity and the
Climates of Space and Earth"

Edited by
Carolus J. Schrijver
&
George L. Siscoe

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"This final book in this series of three heliophysics texts, published in 2010, focuses on long-term variability from the Sun's sunspot cycle and considers the planetary system's evolution from a climatological perspective.

Topics covered range from the dynamo action of stars and planets to processes in the Earth's troposphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere and their effects on planetary climate and habitability.

Supplemented by online teaching materials, it can be used as a textbook for courses or as a foundational reference for researchers in fields from astrophysics and plasma physics to planetary and climate science."

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"Natural Catastrophes During Bronze Age Civilisations"
(British Archaeological
Reports)
by
Benny J. Peiser
Trevor Palmer
Mark E. Bailey
(Editors)


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Research in the field of neo-catastrophism and impact cratering has quickened its pace since the early 1980s. Scholars such as Victor Clube, Bill Napier, Mark Bailey, Sir Fred Hoyle and Duncan Steel claim that a more 'active' sky might have caused major cultural changes of Bronze Age civilizations, belief systems and religious rituals."


Books from our
Astro-Archaeology
Bookshoppe


"The Newgrange Sirius Mystery"
by
E. A. James Swagger

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"A Little History of
Astro-Archaeology:
Stages in the Transformation
of a Heresy"

by
John Michell

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"Avebury Cosmos:
The Neolithic World
of Avebury henge"

by
Nicholas R. Mann

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"The ancient Britons were inspired by a profound knowledge of the heavens when they erected the monumental stones of Avebury.

Mann throws light on the motive behind the creation of its awe-inspiring mounds and megaliths by demonstrating that they were aligned to the cycles of the Sun, Moon and stars.

This book will help visitors and readers to see Avebury in a wholly new light - the light of the heavenly bodies that guided its Neolithic builders."

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"Avebury:
Sun, Moon and Earth"

by
Maria Wheatley
&
Busty Taylor

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"Living the Sky:
Cosmos of the American Indian"

by
Ray A. Williamson

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"Stonehenge: A New Interpretation of Prehistoric Man and the Cosmos"
by
John David North

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"A Guide to Prehistoric
Astronomy in the Southwest"

by
J. McKim Malville

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"Dr. J. McKim Malville has outdone himself in this guide to prehistoric astronomy.

Even a reader with little or no background in archaeoastronomy will like this book.

One reason is the tons of good photos and diagrams that can help anyone better appreciate the miraculous order of our solar system and the stars.

It would make a great gift for children between 10 and 16, potentially stimulating them to enter the field of science."

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"Ancient Skies and Astronomy Now"
by
Krishna K Ramadas

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"Chaco Astronomy:
An Ancient American Cosmology"

by
Anna Sofaer

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"After rumors surfaced about the sun bisecting a petroglyph at Chaco Canyon, people never looked at the site the same again.

The discovery proposed a cosmology at Chaco, and the book looks at the people who lived in the San Juan Basin from 850 AD to 1300, developing an elaborate culture around the cycles of the sun and moon.

Anna Sofaer's pioneering work on Chaco Canyon, a World Heritage Site, should be required reading for anyone interested in how the prehistoric people of the American Southwest conceptualized their universe and placed themselves within that universe."

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"Signs in the Heavens: A Muslim Astronomer's Perspective on Religion and Science"
by
Imad-Ad-Dean Ahmad

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"Patterns in the Sky:
An Introduction to Ethnoastronomy"

by
Stephen M. Fabian

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"Since the beginning of humankind, people around the world have had a strong interest in the powers and beings perceived in the sky.

This compelling short work helps students fully understand and appreciate the ways in which non-Western indigenous and small-scale societies perceive, conceptualize, and make sure of what they astronomically observe.

With its concise explanations of prominent astronomical phenomena, discussions of relevant crosscultural examples, and instructive suggestions for active field research, Patterns in the Sky is a unique and practical guide for doing ethnoastronomy.

In addition, Fabian offers exercises in observational astronomy with the naked eye so that students can get in touch with the cosmos and natural world around them."

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"Astronomy & Measurement in Megalithic Architecture"
by
Peter Harris
and
Norman Stockdale

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"Alexander Thom:
Cracking The
Stone Age Code"

by
Robin Heath

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"Professor Alexander Thom was a foremost scientist and engineer of the last century.

Once Chair of Engineering Science at Brasenose College, Oxford, following an already distinguished career in both the academic and industrial world, during the War, he had been Principal Scientific Officer for the design of the High Speed Wind Tunnel at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, and had assisted Sir Barnes Wallace in the design of the famous 'bouncing bomb' of Dambuster's fame.

From 1934, Thom became interested in the megalithic culture that had erected the stone circles, rows and other monuments in Neolithic and Bronze Age Britain.

He began to accurately survey these sites, and in 1967 published "Megalithic Sites in Britain" (Oxford) where he claimed the builders had been skilled surveyors and astronomers, and had used an identical and accurate unit of length to mark out their constructions throughout Britain, a length he called the Megalithic yard (2.72 feet or 0.829m).

Thom also discovered that they were using a geometry based on right-angled 'Pythagorean' triangles, triangles whose sides were whole numbers of this same megalithic yard, or subdivisions or multiples of it.

He also proposed that they were observing both the sun and moon using precision alignments to identified sites or natural features on a distant horizon. He even showed that they could have predicted eclipses.

The book was described by archaeologist Professor Richard Atkinson as 'a well-constructed time-bomb dropped through the letterbox of archaeology', and it caused a huge rumpus within the profession.

In effect Thom had demonstrated that there was a huge missing component in our understanding of the Megalithic culture, one that archaeologists had totally missed, and that our model of prehistory was flawed and hopelessly inadequate."

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