The Morien Institute - The events of December 16th to 22nd 1994, when the remnants of a fragmenting comet, P/Shoemaker-Levy 9, bombarded the surface of Jupiter causing fireballs many times the size of our own planet, were an abrupt wake-up call even for those who were aware of them. The historical sciences generally, and archæology in particular, have collectively painted a picture of the past as if our planet stands alone in empty space. Nothing could be further from reality. Our resilient planet exists in a solar system that has experienced a very dynamic history over the past 20 to 30 millennia, and it is only from this wider solar system perspective that the true history of human civilisation will ever be fully understood. The Morien Institute archive therefore contains relevant material from many disciplines.

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

Image of a revolving globe showing current sea levels since the end of the last ice age, before which many ancient societies like Atlantis flourished all over planet Earth on the continental shelves that were inundated by the rising sea levels caused by the melting ice sheets.

Skywatching Calendar July 01 to September 30 2020

text translation service for many worldwide languages

 

Skywatching Calendars for:

January - March 2020 | April - June 2020 | October - December 2020

 

For Your Safety When Daytime Skywatching Please Visit These Websites:

Safe SunWatching | Observing Eclipses Safely | Safely Viewing Sunspots

Safety In Sight | Solar and Heliospheric Observatory



 

Useful Websites for Skywatchers:

Theodore von Kármán Lecture Series

Space Weather Radio

NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day Archive 1995 to present

António Cidadão's Practical Advice for Astrophotography & CCD Imaging

Phil Plait's Bad Astronomy Website debunks astro-nonsense


As of July 01 2020
according to Near-Earth asteroid monitoring groups there were
2037
KNOWN Potentially Hazardous Asteroids
in Earth-crossing orbits


Why Does This Number Go Up, Then Sometimes Go Down?

Book an Educational Visit to the UK SpaceGuard Centre

The National Near Earth Objects Information Centre
is located in Knighton, Powys, LD7 1LW, Wales, United Kingdom

It is open for Public Tours (suitable for ages 9+), and also for
School Tours (suitable for primary & secondary schools)


They are are easily accessible - See Map and directions


Impact Craters on Earth, our Moon
and the other planets in our Solar System

NASA JPL Asteroid Watch

 

The 3,600 year-old Nebra Sky Disc

an image of the Nebra Sky Disc which is a clickable image link to a book about it from amazon
Made of bronze, with gold decorations of the Sun, Moon and Pleiades
click the image to find out more

 

 

Free Open Source Planetarium
For Your Computer

- Enjoy -

 

 Today is  

 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

NASA Living With a Star

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

 

July 2020 Celestial Events & Space Research News

July 2020 SkyMaps & Sky Guides will not be available until July 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


July 2020 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

BBC The Sky at Night - July 2020

Meteorite Times Magazine - July 2020 - available mid-July

At the start of July 2020 the Sunspot Number is 0


July 01 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 MK3 encounter - miss distance 1.9 LD, size = 24 metres

Apollo Asteroid 2019 AC3 Near-Earth Flyby (0.027 AU)

"Anticipation Grows for Comets NEOWISE and Lemmon"

"How we can explore the cosmos by letting it come to us"


July 02 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 02 - July 09"

"Close Encounters in the Milky Way — and What They Mean for Planets"

"It Was Almost Certainly an Asteroid Impact that Wiped Out the Dinosaurs"

"This Weekend’s Penumbral Lunar Eclipse Rounds Out the Summer Season"


July 03 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2020 MO Near-Earth Flyby (0.024 AU)

Amor Asteroid 2020 MT2 Near-Earth Flyby (0.041 AU)

Comet C/2020 F3 (NEOWISE) - Perihelion (0.295 AU)

"The planets align for a full-moon, skywatchers' delight"

"Take a Flight Over Korolev Crater on Mars"


 

July 04 2020 - 11:35 UT

Earth at Aphelion
(furthest from the Sun - 1.017 AU)

 


July 04 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Ateroid 2007 UN12 Near-Earth Flyiby (0.043 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 2020 LS Near-Earth Flyby (0.050 AU)

SkyMap for Comet NEOWISE on July 04 2020 - visible looking East ONLY at Dawn

"The Invisible Lunar Eclipse"


 

July 05 2020 - 05:44 UT

Full Buck Moon

 


July 05 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Dawn SkyMap for Comet NEOWISE on July 05 2020 - looking East before sunsrise


July 06 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Dawn SkyMap for Comet NEOWISE on July 06 2020 - looking East before sunsrise

"Comet C/2020 F3 (NEOWISE) springs a naked-eye surprise"


July 07 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Atira Asteroid 2017 XA1 - Closest Approach To Earth (0.328 AU)

"The Moon Might Be More Metal-Rich Than We Thought"


July 08 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Three Missions Head for Mars"


July 09 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 09 - July 16"

"Astronomers think they can find the Sun's lost siblings"

"Comet NEOWISE Delights at Dawn"


July 10 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week: Watch Comet NEOWISE morning and night"

"Earth’s Magnetic Field is Changing Surprisingly Quickly"


July 11 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2020 MU1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.048 AU)


 

July 12 2020 - 19:27 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 404,201 km) m

 


July 12 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet NEOWISE now visible after sunset - Skymap for Tonight, July 12 2020

Apollo Asteroid 2020 ML Near-Earth Flyby (0.029 AU)

Amor Asteroid 6569 Ondaatje - Closest Approach To Earth (0.262 AU)


 

July 13 2020 - 00:31 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 


July 13 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet NEOWISE looking NW after sunset - Skymap for July 13 2020

Amor Asteroid 2020 KJ7 Near-Earth Flyby (0.030 AU)

Amor Asteroid 2009 OS5 Near-Earth Flyby (0.045 AU))

"Powerful eruptions on the Sun might trigger earthquakes"


July 14 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet NEOWISE looking NW after sunset - Skymap for July 14 2020

Apollo Asteroid 2020 MQ2 Near-Earth Flyby (0.044 AU)


July 15 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet NEOWISE looking NW after sunset - Skymap for July 15 2020

"Comet NEOWISE Dazzles at Dusk"


July 16 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 16 - July 23"

"Solar Orbiter sends back the closest photos of the Sun ever taken"

"Amazing Images of Comet F3 NEOWISE From Around the World"


July 17 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Realtime Comet NEOWISE Photo Gallery

"Nova Reticuli 2020 bursts into the southern skies"

"Long-lived Lunar Magma Ocean Points to a Younger Moon"


July 18 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet NEOWISE looking NW after sunset - Skymap for July 18 2020

"The Moon Might Have Formed a Little Later than Originally Believed"


July 19 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2016 DY30 Near-Earth Flyby (0.023 AU)

Amor Asteroid 2020 ME3 Near-Earth Flyby (0.038 AU)

Asteroid 85185 Lederman Closest Approach To Earth (0.550 AU)

Comet NEOWISE looking NW after sunset - Skymap for July 19 2020


 

July 20 2020 - 18:33 UT

New Moon

 


July 20 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet NEOWISE looking NW after sunset - Skymap for July 20 2020

"The United Arab Emirates successfully launches its first Mars mission"

"Scientists identify 37 recently active volcanic structures on Venus from radar images"


July 21 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2002 BF25 Near-Earth Flyby (0.024 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 1865 Cerberus - Closest Approach To Earth (0.408 AU)


July 22 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury - At Its Greatest Western Elongation (20°) - as seen from Earth

Asteroid 2020 NO encounter - miss distance 2 LD, size = 15 metres

"500 Days Until the Total Solar Eclipse Over Antarctica"

"Tianwen-1: China successfully launches its first Mars rover"


July 23 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet C/2020 F3 (NEOWISE) - Closest Approach To Earth (0.692 AU)

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 23 - July 30"


July 24 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Megaripples: Mars shifting sands revealed by long-term observations"


 

July 25 2020 - 04:54 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 368,367 km)

 


July 25 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 OW5 encounter - miss distance 2.4 LD, size = 21 metres


July 26 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

July 27 2020 - 13:33 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 


July 27 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 OO1 encounter - miss distance 1.7 LD, size = 18 metres

Atira Asteroid 2019 AQ3 - Closest Approach To Earth (0.717 AU)

"Mini-Neptunes could be super-Earths with bloated atmospheres of water"


July 28 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 OY4 encounter - miss distance 0.1 LD, size = 3 metres

Asteroid 2020 OR4 encounter - miss distance 1.2 LD, size = 27 metres

Apollo Asteroid 1685 Toro - Closest Approach To Earth (0.331 AU)

"Three Missions Head for Mars"


July 29 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

South Delta-Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak

Apollo Asteroid 2020 MX3 Near-Earth Flyby (0.024 AU)

"The tidal remnant of an unusually metal-poor globular cluster"

"d–Aquarid meteor shower"


July 30 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 2P/Encke - Closest Approach To Earth (0.622 AU

"NASA Launches Perseverance Rover for Mars"

"Astronomers develop new method for predicting explosive solar flares"

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 30 - August 06"


July 31 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2018 PY7 Near-Earth Flyby (0.023 AU)

Aten Asteroid 2007 RF1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.027 AU)

"Ancient Meteorites Can be Found Embedded in Rocks, Like Fossils"


 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

NASA Living With a Star

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

 

August 2020
Live Celestial Events & Space Research News

August 2020 SkyMaps and Sky Guides are NOT AVAILABLE UNTIL August 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


August 2020 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

BBC The Sky at Night - August 2020

Meteorite Times Magazine - August 2020 - available mid-August

At the start of August 2020 the Sunspot Number is 23


August 01 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Alpha Capricornids Meteor Shower Peak

Apollo Asteroid 2018 BD Near-Earth Flyby (0.019 AU)

"Juno Captures Pictures of Ganymede for the First Time"

"The 2020 Ghost Hunt challenge"


August 02 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

August 03 2020 - 16:59 UT

Full Sturgeon Moon

 


August 03 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Some Stars Could Support as Many as 7 Habitable Planets"


August 04 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Small stars are vital to dispersing the building blocks of life"

"Was Early Mars "Wet and Warm"? Or Wet and Cold?"


August 05 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2009 PQ1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.028 AU)

"Radioactive Aluminum Sheds Light on Solar System History"


August 06 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Southern Iota Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 06 - August 13"

"New Solar Model Successfully Predicted Seven of the Sun’s Last Nine Big Flares"

"Potential New Targets for Japan's Hayabusa 2 Mission"

"Martian Features Were Carved by Glaciers, not Flowing Rivers"


August 07 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Rivers on ancient Mars may have flowed beneath sheets of ice"

"This is What the Solar System Really Looks Like"


August 08 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

2020 Perseids Meteor Shower - Observation SkyMap for August 12/13 Peak

Apollo Asteroid 9162 Kwiila - Closest Approach To Earth (0.182 AU)

"Newly forming star has spiral arms like a tiny galaxy"


 

August 08 2020 - 13:51 UT

Moon at Apogee

(furthest from the Earth = 404,658 km)

 


August 09 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


August 10 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Ceres: An ocean world in the asteroid belt"


 

August 11 2020 - 17:47 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 


August 11 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 PC encounter - miss distance 3.1 LD, size = 9 metres

2020 Perseids Meteor Shower - Observation SkyMap for TOMORROW

2020 Perseids Meteor Shower SkyMap - looking East before sunrise

"Ceres, a tiny planet in the asteroid belt, is officially an 'ocean world'"


August 12 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Perseids Meteor Shower Peak Overnight - look tonight until dawn tomorrow

2020 Perseids Meteor Shower - Observation SkyMap for TONIGHT

Perseids Meteor Shower - SkyMap

2020 Perseids Meteor Shower - history and observing advice

2020 Perseids Meteor Shower SkyMap - looking East before sunrise August 12

Asteroid 2020 PK1 encounter - miss distance 2.5 LD, size = 16 metres

"A Huge Ring-Like Structure on Ganymede Might be the Result of an Enormous Impact"


August 13 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Perseids Meteor Shower - SkyMap for pre-dawn observations

Venus - At Its Greatest Western Elongation (46°) - as seen from Earth

2020 Perseids Meteor Shower SkyMap - looking East before sunrise August 13

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 13 - August 20"

"Hints of Young Solar Systems"

"How floating microbes could live in the acid clouds of Venus"


August 14 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 PW2 encounter - miss distance 0.7 LD, size = 7 metres

"5 NASA science projects that can help teach kids astronomy"

"Did Snowball Earth Happen Because of a Sudden Drop in Sunlight?"


August 15 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Hubble offers explanation for dramatic dimming of Betelgeuse"


August 16 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"What’s Possible When Earth and Space-based Telescopes Work Together?"

"Dust cloud behind dimming of massive star Betelgeuse, scientists say"

"Names of Indigenous Australians celebrated among the stars"


August 17 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Winds and Tides Drive Sea Waves on Titan"

"Observe Jupiter and Saturn at their best"


August 18 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 QF2 encounter - miss distance 0.5 LD, size = 9 metres

Asteroid 2020 QC encounter - miss distance 2 LD, size = 11 metres

"What will Solar Orbiter's mission accomplish?"


 

August 19 2020 - 03:42 UT

New Moon

 


August 19 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Tiny micrometeorites reveal clues about the solar system's ancient past"


August 20 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 QY2 encounter - miss distance 0.2 LD, size = 2 metres

Asteroid 2020 PY2 encounter - miss distance 0.9 LD, size = 20 metres

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 20 - August 27"

"The comet that dazzled the world this July"


 

August 21 2020 - 10:59 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 363,513 km)

 


August 21 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Could There Be Life in the Cloudtops of Venus?"

"Hubble Captures Comet NEOWISE"


August 22 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2020 FA1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.048 AU)

"Beyond 'Fermi’s Paradox' VI: The Berserker Hypothesis"


August 23 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


August 24 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

August 25 2020 - 18:59 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 


August 25 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Election eve asteroid may be heading for Earth. Don't panic"


August 26 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2016 AH164 Near-Earth Flyby (0.040 AU)


August 27 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 27 - September 03"

"5 ways families can enjoy astronomy during the pandemic"

"The Origin of Earth’s Water"


August 28 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


August 29 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet C/2020 H4 (Leonard) - Perihelion (0.931 AU)


August 30 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


August 31 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 QX6 encounter - miss distance 1.2 LD, size = 6 metres

"Wild theory suggests COVID-19 came to Earth aboard a space rock"


 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

NASA Living With a Star

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

 

September 2020
Live Celestial Events & Space Research News

September 2020 SkyMaps and Sky Guides are NOT AVAILABLE UNTIL September 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


September 2020 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

Astronomy Today Sky Guide - September 2020

Meteorite Times Magazine - September 2020 - available mid-September

At the start of September 2020 the Sunspot Number is 0


September 01 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2011 ES4 encounter - miss distance 0.3 LD, size = 30 metres

Apollo Asteroid 2011 ES4 Near-Earth Flyby (0.0005 AU)

"A nearby supernova could have caused the Devonian mass extinction"

"Hubble Shows the True Size of Andromeda"

"The Solar System has been Flying Through the Debris of a Supernova for 33,000 Yrs"


 

September 02 2020 - 06:23 UT

Full Harvest Moon

 


September 02 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mars Winter Solstice

"Record-breaking Signal Reveals New Population of Black Holes"


September 03 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia September 03 - September 10"


September 04 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Gobekli Tepe: The world’s first astronomical observatory?"


September 05 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Look up for cosmic triangles in the night sky this month" - for Australasia


 

September 06 2020 - 06:31 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 405,606 km)

 


September 06 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 465824 (2010 FR) Near-Earth Flyby (0.050 AU)


September 07 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 RM1 encounter - miss distance 1.4 LD, size = 18 metres


September 08 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 RX1 encounter - miss distance 1.4 LD, size = 11 metres

Asteroid 2020 RO2 encounter - miss distance 2.7 LD, size = 11 metres


September 09 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Piscid meteor shower Peak

Asteroid 2020 RT2 encounter - miss distance 1.2 LD, size = 9 metres

"Cosmic butterfly flaps its wings in stunning detail"


 

September 10 2020 - 10:28 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 


September 10 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia September 10 - September 17"

"The Big Freeze: How the universe will die"


September 11 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2020 RM encounter - miss distance 2.7 LD, size = 14 metres


September 12 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2012 RM15 Near-Earth Flyby (0.038 AU)


September 13 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2017 US Near-Earth Flyby (0.044 AU)


September 14 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet C/2020 K8 (Catalina-ATLAS) - Perihelion (0.471 AU)


September 15 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 16 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

September 17 2020 - 12:00 UT

New Moon

 


September 17 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

September 18 2020 - 13:44 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 359,081 km)

 


September 18 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2014 QJ33 Near-Earth Flyby (0.029 AU)


September 19 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 20 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2017 SL16 Near-Earth Flyby (0.023 AU)


September 21 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

September 22 2020 - 13:31 UT

Alban Elfed
Autumnal Equinox

 


September 22 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 23 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

September 24 2020 - 02:56 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 


September 24 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 25 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 26 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

International Observe The Moon Night


September 27 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 28 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 29 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 30 2020 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


To understand why the Skywatching Calendar is sometimes late here is some information about Fibromyalgia


"Archaeoastronomy and the Maya"

by

Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos

and

Edwin L. Barnhart

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:

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"Cosmology, Calendars, and Horizon-based Astronomy in Ancient Mesoamerica"

by

Anne S. Dowd

and

Susan Milbrath

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:

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"Architecture, Astronomy and Sacred Landscape in Ancient Egypt"

by

Giulio Magli

and

Michael A. Morse

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:

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"Ancient Egyptian Sky Lore: Rethinking the Conventional Wisdom"

by

Joanne Conman

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:

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"The 2300 BC Event - Vol. 1:
Archaeology and Geophysics
& The Meteoroid Stream"


by

M. M. Mandelkehr

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

"The 2300 BC Event takes a new look at an old puzzle: what happened
at this date to cause the various advanced societies on the Earth to simultaneously collapse?

Civilizations in Anatolia and Greece, through Egypt and the Middle East, and eastward to India and Central Asia were at their height. The collapse of these civilizations due to earthquakes and climatic changes has been mirrored by similar interruptions on all continents, in the Arctic, and extending to the Pacific.

The discontinuities have long puzzled archaeologists and historians. New religions and accompanying mythologies appeared at this time in all cultural regions describing bombardment and flooding from the skies.

Strangely, the dominant aspect of the mythologies, however, is the observation and worship of a ring appearing to surround the Earth, oriented to the two Ursa (Bear) constellations."

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"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 2:
Mythology
The Eyewitness Accounts"


by

M. M. Mandelkehr

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"Some time around 2300 BC the Earth encountered a dense clustering of space debris, the early Southern & Northern Taurid meteoroid stream. The result was an intense fall of meteoroids, some of them sufficiently large to cause surface destruction.

Simultaneous with the meteoroid fall was a huge downpouring of water which caused flash flooding. Extensive destruction and loss of life resulted. An astonishing aspect of the event was the formation of a ring surrounding the Earth, reflecting sunlight during the day, hiding some stars at night, and moving around the sky through a 24-hour period.

Following the 'main event', there were crustal movements which shifted the location of water sources, and caused earthquakes which destroyed settlements. Abrupt severe climate changes occurred."

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"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 3:
Mythology
The Eyewitness Accounts 2"


by

M. M. Mandelkehr

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"The Northern/Southern Taurid meteoroid stream is identified as the specific meteoroid stream that the Earth encountered at 2300 BC.

The Earth's encounter with a dense cluster of large objects would produce atmospheric phenomena very different from the pleasant and interesting night displays of meteor trails that are within our own experience.

The rain of objects would have generated extraordinary visual and auditory effects combined with ground vibrations; and under extreme conditions would bring about severe surface destruction and loss of life.

The overall event was associated by the people with powerful deities and formed the basis for major religions. The mythologies and traditions are, in large part, the residues of those religions."

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"Archaeoastronomy of Southeast Colorado and the Oklahoma Panhandle"

by

William R McGlone

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"A Little History of
Astro-Archaeology:
Stages in the Transformation
of a Heresy"


by

John Michell

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"Stonehenge today is a battlefield, not only for police and festivalgoers at midsummer but also for rival camps of archaeologists, astronomers, and other researchers into the mysteries of prehistoric religion and science.

Controversy flared up in 1963, when Gerald Hawkins made early use of the computer to identify Stonehenge as an observatory for the sun and moon and an instrument for predicting eclipses. Further studies of megalithic sites by Alexander Thom proved that many of them were also related to the seasonal positions of the heavenly bodies.

The study of astro-archaeology has now expanded worldwide, bringing new revelations about the mystical sciences of antiquity.

This "little history" summarizes the issues involved in astro-archaeology, and illustrates its principal sites and personalities. Included are recent findings of British scientists, whose records of anomalous levels of natural energies at stone circles are in accordance with the magical reputations of such places in local folklore."

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"Mysteries and Discoveries of Archaeoastronomy:
From Giza to Easter Island"

by
Giulio Magli

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"This complete, authoritative study of the growing discipline of Archaeoastronomy examines the role of astronomy in antiquity. Professor Giulio Magli provides a clear, up-to-date survey of current thinking on the motives of the ancients for building fabulous and mysterious monuments all over our planet. Was it an attempt to reproduce the sky on Earth, to bring down the power of the stars to where they could see it, worship it and use it?

The connecting thread is astronomy: Giulio Magli uses astronomy as a key to understanding our ancestors’ way of thinking. It is a challenge he likes to call ‘predicting the past’ - archaeology as a science is able to make predictions, like any other science, and to check them.

All of the astronomical achievements of the past are considered as a whole, in a comprehensive way that shows the depth and breadth of the thought behind them. In the past, the motives of the ancients – and particularly their scientific thought – have often been misconstrued, maligned or even dismissed.

In an ironic, provocative style, Professor Magli shows the limitations of orthodox archaeology in the face of astronomically-based artefacts and tries to understand what led the ancients to construct magnificent buildings such as the city of Teotihuacan in the Mexico Valley, the Ceremonial Centre of Chaco Canyon in the USA, the Avebury stone circle in Great Britain or the Great Pyramids in Egypt.

The book is divided into two parts. In the first, the reader is taken on an ideal ‘world tour’ of many wonderful and enigmatic places in almost every continent, in search of traces of astronomical knowledge and lore of the sky. In the second part, Giulio Magli uses the elements presented in the tour to show that the fundamental idea which led to the construction of the astronomically-related giant monuments was the foundation of power, a foundation which was exploited by ‘replicating’ the sky.

A possible interpretive model then emerges that is founded on the relationship the ancients had with “nature”, in the sense of everything that surrounded them, the cosmos. The numerous monumental astronomically aligned structures of the past then become interpretable as acts of will, expressions of power on the part of those who held it; the will to replicate the heavenly plane here on earth and to build sacred landscapes."

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"Under Ancient Skies:
Ancient Astronomy and
Terrestrial Catastrophism"

by
Paul Dunbavin

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"A Sumerian Observation of the Kofels' Impact Event"
by
Mark Hempsell
&
Alan Bond

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"Ancient Astronomers:
Exploring the Ancient World"

by
Anthony F. Aveni,
Jeremy A. Sabloff
(Editor)

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"Stonehenge: A New Interpretation of Prehistoric Man and the Cosmos"
by
John David North

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"Stonehenge has fascinated mankind for centuries, enveloping generation after generation in its haunting mystery. But while much has been learned about this ancient monument, the fundamental questions remain: Who built it? What was its purpose? How was it used?

Drawing on more than 15 years of research, John North has at last succeeded where others have failed. He comprehensively examines Stonehenge from all available angles -- archeological, astronomical, and spiritual -- and considers relevant research from other prehistoric remains in Britain and Northern Europe. He shows, for the first time, that the stones were not so much sighting devices as maps of the heavens and that the design of the monument evolved over thousands of years rather than conforming to a single original blueprint.

Such observations form the basis of deductions about prehistoric life and religion that will profoundly affect our understanding of who we are and where we came from."

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"Avebury Cosmos:
The Neolithic World
of Avebury henge"

by
Nicholas R. Mann

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"The Newgrange Sirius Mystery"
by
E. A. James Swagger

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"Megalithic Measures
and Rhythms:
Sacred Knowledge of the
Ancient Britons"

by
Anne Macaulay

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"Archaeoastronomy
and the Maya"

by
Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos
and
Edwin L. Barnhart

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"Asteroids:
Relics of Ancient Time"


by

Michael K. Shepard

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"Comets: A Chronological History of Observation, Science, Myth
and Folklore"

by
Donald K. Yeomans

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"Life in the Universe:
A Beginner's Guide
Astrobiology"

by
Lewis Dartnell

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"An excellent introduction into the newly emerging and exciting field of astrobiology. An essential, enjoyable and highly readable insight into life in its cosmic context."

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"Planets and Life: The Emerging Science of Astrobiology"
by
Woodruff T. Sullivan III
(Author, Editor)
&
John Baross
(Editor)

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"Astrobiology involves the study of the origin and history of life on Earth, planets and moons where life November have arisen, and the search for extraterrestrial life.

It combines the sciences of biology, chemistry, palaeontology, geology, planetary physics and astronomy. This textbook brings together world experts in each of these disciplines to provide the most comprehensive coverage of the field currently available."

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"Complete Course in Astrobiology"
(Physics Textbook)
by
Gerda Horneck
(Editor)
&
Petra Rettberg
(Editor)

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"This up-to-date resource is based on lectures developed by experts in the relevant fields and carefully edited by the leading astrobiologists within the European community.

Aimed at graduate students in physics, astronomy and biology and their lecturers, the text begins with a general introduction to astrobiology, followed by sections on basic prebiotic chemistry, extremophiles, and habitability in our solar system and beyond."

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"Astrochemistry: From Astronomy
to Astrobiology"

by
Andrew M. Shaw

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"The dynamic field of astrochemistry brings together ideas of physics, astrophysics, biology and chemistry to the study of molecules between stars, around stars and on planets. Astrochemistry: from Astronomy to Astrobiology provides a clear and concise introduction to this rapidly evolving multidisciplinary subject.

Starting with the Molecular Universe, the text covers the formation of the elements, simple models of stars and their classification. It then moves on to draw on the theme of the Origins of Life to study interstellar chemistry, meteorite and comet chemistry as well as the chemistry of planets."

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"Fitness of the Cosmos for Life: Biochemistry and Fine-Tuning"
by
John Barrow
(Editor)
Simon Conway Morris
(Editor)
Stephen Freeland
(Editor)
Charles Harper
(Editor)

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"This highly interdisciplinary book highlights many of the ways in which chemistry plays a crucial role in making life an evolutionary possibility in the universe.

Cosmologists and particle physicists have often explored how the observed laws and constants of nature lie within a narrow range that allows complexity and life to evolve and adapt. Here, these anthropic considerations are diversified in a host of new ways to identify the most sensitive features of biochemistry and astrobiology.

Celebrating the classic 1913 work of Lawrence J. Henderson, The Fitness of the Environment for Life, this book looks at the delicate balance between chemistry and the ambient conditions in the universe that permit complex chemical networks and structures to exist."

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From July 16 - 22 1994, more than 20 fragments of
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