The Morien Institute - The events of December 16th to 22nd 1994, when the remnants of a fragmenting comet, P/Shoemaker-Levy 9, bombarded the surface of Jupiter causing fireballs many times the size of our own planet, were an abrupt wake-up call even for those who were aware of them. The historical sciences generally, and archæology in particular, have collectively painted a picture of the past as if our planet stands alone in empty space. Nothing could be further from reality. Our resilient planet exists in a solar system that has experienced a very dynamic history over the past 20 to 30 millennia, and it is only from this wider solar system perspective that the true history of human civilisation will ever be fully understood. The Morien Institute archive therefore contains relevant material from many disciplines.

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

Image of a revolving globe showing current sea levels since the end of the last ice age, before which many ancient societies like Atlantis flourished all over planet Earth on the continental shelves that were inundated by the rising sea levels caused by the melting ice sheets.

Skywatching Calendar July 01 to September 30 2018

text translation service for many worldwide languages

 

Skywatching Calendars for:
January - March 2018 | April - June 2018 | October - December 2018

 

For Your Safety When Daytime Skywatching Please Visit These Websites:

Safe SunWatching | Observing Eclipses Safely | Safely Viewing Sunspots

Safety In Sight | Solar and Heliospheric Observatory


 


Useful Websites for Skywatchers:

Theodore von Kármán Lecture Series

Space Weather Radio

NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day Archive 1996 to present

António Cidadão's Practical Advice for Astrophotography & CCD Imaging

Phil Plait's Bad Astronomy Website debunks astro-nonsense


As of September 03 2018
according to Near-Earth asteroid monitoring groups there were
1923
KNOWN Potentially Hazardous Asteroids
in Earth-crossing orbits


Why Does This Number Go Up, Then Sometimes Go Down?

Book an Educational Visit to the UK SpaceGuard Centre
The National Near Earth Objects Information Centre
is located in Knighton, Powys, LD7 1LW, Wales, United Kingdom

It is open for Public Tours (suitable for ages 9+), and also for
School Tours (suitable for primary & secondary schools)

They are are easily accessible - See Map and directions


Impact Craters on Earth, our Moon
and the other planets in our Solar System

USAF Archive of Fireball Data Releases

NASA JPL Asteroid Watch

The Longterm Impact Hazard to Earth

 

The 3,600 year-old Nebra Sky Disc

an image of the Nebra Sky Disc which is a clickable image link to a book about it from amazon
Made of bronze, with gold decorations of the Sun, Moon and Pleiades
click the image to find out more

 

You Can Help To Support This Free Information Service
If You Buy Your Books About:
Comets & Cometary Debris, Asteroids, Meteors & Meteor Showers

Impact Craters, Meteorites and General Astronomy
From These Links Provided By
The Morien Institute

 

Free Open Source Planetarium
For Your Computer

- Enjoy -

 

 Today is  

 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star | Heliophysics Summer School

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

CURRENT MOON

 

 

July 2018 Celestial Events & Space Research News

July 2018 SkyMaps & Sky Guides will not be available until July 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


July 2018 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

BBC The Sky at Night - July 2018

Meteorite Times Magazine - July 2018 - available mid-July

At the start of July 2018 the Sunspot Number is 0


July 01 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"60 Years Ago You Couldn’t Stargaze in London - Now You Can"

"The longest lunar eclipse of the century is expected this month"


July 02 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 NH encounter - miss distance 1.1 LD, size = 43 metres

"Voyage to space in Europe: register for ESA Open Day in the Netherlands"

"Wheel-spoke Magnetic Field in Supernova 1987A"

"Saturn’s inside-out rings"

"Forty years and still going strong"


July 03 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2005 MF5 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.083 AU)

"Cosmic Query | First contact"

"NASA Spacecraft Gets Breathtakingly Close to Dwarf Planet"

"Lunar agenda"


July 04 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 MB7 encounter - miss distance 2.8 LD, size = 62 metres

Aten Asteroid 2016 NB1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.068 AU)

"The toxic side of the Moon"

"General relativity verified by a triple-star system"


July 05 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 05 - July 12"

"Einstein Right Again: Even the Heaviest Objects Fall the Same Way"


 

July 06 2018 - 16:47 UT

Earth at Aphelion
(furthest from the Sun - 1.017 AU)

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

July 06 2018 - 07:51 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 

July 06 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 NU encounter - miss distance 2.4 LD, size = 26 metres

"Latest report on space junk"

"Mars At Daylight Visible At Naked Eye"

"Full steam ahead for Aeolus launch"


July 07 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 NX encounter - miss distance 0.3 LD, size = 10 metres

Asteroid 2018 NJ encounter - miss distance 2.4 LD, size = 9 metres


July 08 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 NW encounter - miss distance 0.3 LD, size = 10 metres


July 09 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Astronomers Discover the Brightest Early Galaxy Ever"

"First Confirmed Image of Newborn Planet"


July 10 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Using Sunlight To Make Spaceship Fuel And Breathable Air"

"Nautilus Expedition Recovers Possible Seafloor Meteorites"


July 11 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The fate of giant planets depends on where they grow up"

"Observers Anxious for Dust to Settle as Mars Opposition Approaches"

"Copernicus Sentinel-5P releases first data"


July 12 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury - At Its Greatest Eastern Elongation (26°) - as seen from Earth

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 12 - July 19"


 

July 13 2018 - 02:48 UT

New Moon

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

July 13 2018 - 08:28 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 357,432 km)

 

July 13 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Partial Solar Eclipse

"Cosmic neutrinos traced to their source for first time"


July 14 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


July 15 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The father of climate science, my Foote!? A mystery revealed"


July 16 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 49P/Arend-Rigaux - Perihelion (1.430 AU)

"Every point is a galaxy"


July 17 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 NM encounter - miss distance 1.4 LD, size = 19 metres

"From an almost perfect Universe to the best of both worlds"

"Cosmic Query | Total eclipse of the Sun"

"A dozen new moons found orbiting Jupiter, pushing total to 79"

"Moon, Mars, Station"


July 18 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 OQ encounter - miss distance 3.7 LD, size = 18 metres

"Spinning-top asteroids, from Rosetta to Hayabusa2 – and maybe Hera"

"Martian atmosphere behaves as one"

"Death-defying NASA mission will make humanity’s closest approach to the Sun"


 

July 19 2018 - 19:52 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 

July 19 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet P/2013 CU129 (PANSTARRS) - Closest Approach To Earth (0.236 AU)

Comet C/2017 T3 (ATLAS) - Perihelion (0.825 AU)

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 19 - July 26"

"A storm rolls in"


July 20 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Get Outside And See Mars At Its Brightest"

"When Giant Planets Orbit Evolved Stars"


July 21 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2012 BV26 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.053 AU)

"Comet Panstarrs C/2017 S3" - C/2017 S3 GIF Redesigned


July 22 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet P/2007 T2 (Kowalski) - Perihelion (0.656 AU)

Comet 267P/LONEOS - Perihelion (1.241 AU)


July 23 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Life on the Moon? Maybe long ago"

"Moon Camp Challenge: Be part of the future of space exploration - design a Moon base"

"IceCube Neutrino Offers New Eyes on the Cosmos"


July 24 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Exploring The Lost Moons Of Our Solar System"

"See Mars at Its Best Since 2003"


July 25 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2014 WO371 Near-Earth Flyby (0.060 AU)

"Liquid Water on Mars! Really for Real This Time (Probably)"

"NASA’s Interplanetary Internet, Coming Soon To A Planet Near You"

"GRALS binary asteroid testing"

"Red Moon Meets Red Planet in Longest Total Lunar Eclipse of the Century"

"Vast lake of liquid water discovered on Mars"


July 26 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 26 - August 02"

"Mars Express detects liquid water hidden under planet’s south pole"

"How We Discovered the Black Hole at the Center of Our Galaxy"


 

July 27 2018 - 05:44 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 406,223 km)

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

July 27 2018 - 20:20 UT

Full Buck Moon

 

July 27 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

July 2018 Total Lunar Eclipse - totality visible over Western Africa, and Central Asia,

Mars - At Opposition

Comet 138P/Shoemaker-Levy 7 - At Opposition (1.894 AU)

"From discovery to data: How astronomers track near-Earth asteroids"

"What is an eclipse?"


July 28 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Lunar eclipse: Blood moon appears in longest such event of the 21st century"

"Two lunar flashes light up darkened Moon"


July 29 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Southern Delta-Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak

Apollo Asteroid 439313 (2012 VE82) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.068 AU)


July 30 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Meteorite Crystals Older than Earth Reveal Early Sun Secrets"


July 31 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 3D/Biela Closest Approach To Earth (1.717 AU)

Comet 3D/Biela - At Opposition (1.717 AU)

"X-ray light reveals the geometry of a black hole"


 

You Can Help To Support This Free Service
If You Buy Your Books About:
Comets & Cometary Debris, Asteroids, Meteors & Meteor Showers

Impact Craters, Meteorites and General Astronomy
From These Links Provided By
The Morien Institute

 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star | Heliophysics Summer School

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

CURRENT MOON

 

August 2018
Live Celestial Events & Space Research News

August 2018 SkyMaps and Sky Guides are NOT AVAILABLE UNTIL August 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


August 2018 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

BBC The Sky at Night - August 2018

Meteorite Times Magazine - August 2018 - available mid-August

At the start of August 2018 the Sunspot Number is 0


August 01 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Alpha Capricornids Meteor Shower Peak

Apollo Asteroid 420591 (2012 HF31) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.072 AU)

Comet C/2017 T3 (ATLAS - Closest Approach To Earth (1.351 AU)

"No seriously, Elon. You can't just nuke Mars (we asked)"

"Grain from Japan’s Hayabusa spacecraft"

"UV light could be key to kick-starting life in the cosmos"


August 02 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 02 - August 09"

"Tour August’s Sky: Perseid Time!"

"The mystery of crater rays may finally be coming to a close"


August 03 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 PY7 encounter - miss distance 1.1 LD, size = 17 metres

"Astronomers discover a free-range planet with incredible magnetism"


 

August 04 2018 - 18:18 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 

August 04 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Found! The Largest Source of Dust on Mars"


August 05 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 398188 Agni (2010 LE15) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.060 AU)

Comet P/2013 R3 (Catalina-PANSTARRS) - At Opposition (1.306 AU)


August 06 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 PR7 encounter - miss distance 1.4 LD, size = 7 metres

Southern Iota Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak

Aten Asteroid 2011 FQ6 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.094 AU)

"Mind the Gap: Gaia Mission Reveals the Insides of Stars"

"Comet horizon"


August 07 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet C/2017 S3 (PANSTARRS) - Closest Approach To Earth (0.758 AU)

"Catch the Perseid Meteor Shower at Its Peak"

"Party with the Perseids"


August 08 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Svetlana Savitskaya's 70th Birthday (1948)

Comet 66P/du Toit - Closest Approach To Earth (0.917 AU)

"What does a meteor sound like?"

"The Parker Solar Probe - A Mission to Touch the Sun"

"Why is Europa whistling?"


August 09 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Partial Solar Eclipse on August 11, 2018" - VIMEO eclipse animation

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 09 - August 16"

"The cautionary tail of Comet Swift–Tuttle"


 

August 10 2018 - 18:05 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 358,083 km)

 

August 10 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 PM10 encounter - miss distance 3.2 LD, size = 14 metres

"Partial Solar Eclipse Tomorrow" - VIMEO eclipse animation

"Germany’s OHB to bring ESA’s Hera asteroid mission to next level"

"How NASA protects its solar probe from the Sun"

"Parker Solar Probe: NASA's mission to solve a fundamental puzzle of physics"


 

August 11 2018 - 09:58 UT

New Moon

 

August 11 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Partial Solar eclipse of August 11, 2018

"Partial Solar Eclipse TODAY" - VIMEO eclipse animation


August 12 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Perseids Meteor Shower Peak Overnight - look tonight until dawn tomorrow

Perseids Meteor Shower History & Observing SkyMaps

2018 Perseids Meteor Shower - history and observing advice

Perseids 2018 campaign Live Graph - from IMO observers' reports

Comet 73P-S/Schwassmann-Wachmann - Perihelion (1.028 AU)

Comet P/2013 R3 (Catalina-PANSTARRS) - Closest Approach To Earth (1.300 AU)

"NASA’s Parker Solar Probe Launches to 'Touch the Sun'"

"What is space made of? It's complicated ..."


August 13 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2008 AG4 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.094 AU)

"A 60-year race to touch the Sun"

"Partial solar eclipse from space"


August 14 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Realtime Meteor Photo Gallery - from SpaceWeather.com

Comet 3D/Biela Perihelion (0.803 AU)

Comet 245P/WISE - Closest Approach To Earth (1.637 AU)

"Auroras Discovered Around Rogue Brown Dwarf"

"Aeolus: of weather and winds"


August 15 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 PY23 encounter - miss distance 1.3 LD, size = 9 metres

Amor Asteroid 2011 UA - Near-Earth Flyby (0.081 AU)

Comet C/2017 S3 (PANSTARRS) - Perihelion (0.208 AU)

"Atomic iron and titanium in the atmosphere of the exoplanet KELT-9b"

"Multiple 'mini-moons' could be orbiting Earth"

"Oort Clouds Around Other Stars Should be Visible in the Cosmic Microwave Background"


August 16 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 138P/Shoemaker-Levy - Closest Approach To Earth (1.841 AU)

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 16 - August 23"

"Astronomers discover a new way to supersize baby black holes"

"Catch Comet 21/P Giacobini-Zinner at Its Best"


August 17 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Venus - At Its Greatest Eastern Elongation (46°) - as seen from Earth

Aten Asteroid 2016 JJ17 Near-Earth Flyby (0.065 AU)

"The sky this week for August 17 to 26"


August 18 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 37P/Forbes - Closest Approach To Earth (0.975 AU)

Comet 137P/Shoemaker-Levy - At Opposition (1.204 AU)

"Jets from black holes can extend the width of a galaxy"

"Early warnings for solar flares"


 

August 18 2018 - 07:48 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 

August 19 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"How much do you know about our extreme universe?"


August 20 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 QE encounter - miss distance 2.8 LD, size = 10 metres

Aten Asteroid 2017 FR63 Near-Earth Flyby (0.099 AU)

Comet 48P/Johnson - Closest Approach To Earth (1.014 AU)

Comet 78P/Gehrels - At Opposition (1.660 AU)

"One-third of known planets may be enormous ocean worlds"

"Billion-dollar telescopes could end up beyond the reach of US astronomers"

"Star density map"


August 21 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"There is definitely ice on the surface of the Moon"

"First direct evidence of water ice on the surface of the moon"

"Iron and Titanium Found in Ultrahot Jupiter"


August 22 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2015 QM3 Near-Earth Flyby (0.063 AU)

Comet P/1996 R2 (Lagerkvist) - At Opposition (1.774 AU)

"Japan looks for landing sites on mysterious asteroid Ryugu"


 

August 23 2018 - 11:23 UT

Moon at Apogee

(furthest from the Earth = 405,744 km)

 

August 23 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 23 - August 30"

"ESA’s Aeolus wind satellite launched"

"Rosetta’s best map yet of rubber ducky Comet 67P"


August 24 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The sky this week for August 24 to September 2"

"Just Another Day on Aerosol Earth"

"Direct Evidence of Water Ice at Moon’s Poles"


August 25 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Northern Iota Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak

Apollo Asteroid 2005 QQ87 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.089 AU)


 

August 26 2018 - 11:56 UT

Full Sturgeon Moon

 

August 26 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury - At Its Greatest Western Elongation (18°) - as seen from Earth

Amor Asteroid 2016 RW17 Near-Earth Flyby (0.069 AU)

"We’re in the Milky Way’s 2nd Life. Star Formation was Shut Down for Billions of Years"


August 27 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Radar footprints over buried Mars lake"

"World Water Week: ESA's role in easing water scarcity"

"Managing our most precious resource"


August 28 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2016 GK135 Near-Earth Flyby (0.043 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 358744 (2008 CR118) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.099 AU)

Comet 125P/Spacewatch - Perihelion (1.520 AU)

"There could be hundreds of planets covered in oceans up to 1,000km deep... "

"Solving Earth’s Mysteries" - NASA ScienceCast video


August 29 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 1998 SD9 encounter - miss distance 4.2 LD, size = 51 metres

Aten Asteroid 1998 SD9 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.011 AU)

Aten Asteroid 2016 NF23 Near-Earth Flyby (0.034 AU)

Comet P/1996 R2 (Lagerkvist) - Closest Approach To Earth (1.767 AU

"Asteroid Itokawa's age betrayed by ancient dust grains"

"The satellite on the edge of space"

"Are We Witnessing the Start of Solar Cycle 25?"


August 30 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 245P/WISE - At Opposition (1.673 AU

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 30 - September 06"

"Another Juno Flyby, Another Amazing Sequence of Images of Jupiter"

"After meteor lights up Perth sky, hunt begins for meteorite that crashed to Earth"


August 31 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on North America August 31 - September 09"


 

You Can Help To Support This Free Service
If You Buy Your Books About:
Comets & Cometary Debris, Asteroids, Meteors & Meteor Showers

Impact Craters, Meteorites and General Astronomy
From These Links Provided By
The Morien Institute

 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star | Heliophysics Summer School

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

CURRENT MOON

 

September 2018
Live Celestial Events & Space Research News

September 2018 SkyMaps and Sky Guides are NOT AVAILABLE UNTIL September 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


September 2018 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

Astronomy Today Sky Guide - September 2018

Meteorite Times Magazine - September 2018 - available mid-September

At the start of September 2018 the Sunspot Number is 0


September 01 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RA encounter - miss distance 3 LD, size = 16 metres

Apollo Asteroid 2017 RL16 Near-Earth Flyby (0.096 AU)

"Chinese mission to explore the far side of the Moon"

"Vredefort Crater"


September 02 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2011 CX46 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.061 AU)


 

September 03 2018 - 02:37 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 

September 03 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

As of today there are 1923 known Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHA)

Asteroid 2018 RR1 encounter - miss distance 0.9 LD, size = 4 metres

Apollo Asteroid 2015 FP118 Near-Earth Flyby (0.031 AU)

"SMART-1’s crash site"


September 04 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RO1 encounter - miss distance 4.3 LD, size = 15 metres

Comet 73P-S/Schwassmann-Wachmann - Closest Approach To Earth (0.893 AU)

"Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner makes its second-best appearance"

"Middleweight Black Holes Provide Window to Early Universe"

"A supernova secret may be hidden inside meteorites"


September 05 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RS encounter - miss distance 0.3 LD, size = 5 metres

Asteroid 2018 RB2 encounter - miss distance 1.5 LD, size = 13 metres

Asteroid 2018 RP encounter - miss distance 3.8 LD, size = 21 metres

Comet 137P/Shoemaker-Levy - Closest Approach To Earth (1.168 AU)

"Saturn's hexagon could be an enormous tower"

"Aeolus laser shines light on wind"

"The quest to conquer Earth’s space junk problem"

"Spot Mercury shining bright at twilight"

"FRIPON camera atop ESTEC"


September 06 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RE2 encounter - miss distance 1 LD, size = 7 metres

Asteroid 2018 RR encounter - miss distance 2 LD, size = 11 metres

Comet 223P/Skiff - At Opposition (1.622 AU)

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia September 06 - September 13"

"Atmospheric tricks hide Sun’s power"

"Jupiter’s magnetic field revealed by the Juno spacecraft"

"Next stop – space"


September 07 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Amor Asteroid 2007 RZ8 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.096 AU)

"Two stars will NOT merge and explode into red fury in 2022"


 

September 08 2018 - 01:21 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 361,355 km)

 

September 08 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RW encounter - miss distance 0.4 LD, size = 3 metres

"Chang'e 4 mission: China's push to reach the far side of the moon"

"What is the Cosmic Microwave Background?"

"Space Agency to boost space jobs"


 

September 09 2018 - 18:01 UT

New Moon

 

September 09 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Piscid meteor shower Peak

Asteroid 2018 RC encounter - miss distance 0.6 LD, size = 38 metres

Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner Sky Charts and Coordinates

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery

"New Reasons why Pluto Should be Considered a Planet After All"


September 10 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RA1 encounter - miss distance 2.4 LD, size = 19 metres

Asteroid 2018 RF2 encounter - miss distance 4 LD, size = 10 metres

21P/Giacobini-Zinner reaches its brightest

Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner - Perihelion (1.013 AU)

"Saturn and its moons at opposition"


September 11 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RB1 encounter - miss distance 2.5 LD, size = 10 metres

Asteroid 2018 RP5 encounter - miss distance 4.3 LD, size = 21 metres

Apollo Asteroid 2008 KZ5 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.075 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 504800 (2010 CO1) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.081 AU)

Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner - Closest Approach To Earth (0.391 AU)

Comet 73P-Y/Schwassmann-Wachmann - Perihelion (0.946 AU

"How much water is used for irrigation?"

"The long entanglement of war and astrophysics"


September 12 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RZ5 encounter - miss distance 0.1 LD, size = 4 metres

Asteroid 2018 RY5 encounter - miss distance 0.5 LD, size = 19 metres

Asteroid 2018 RT5 encounter - miss distance 1.6 LD, size = 24 metres

Asteroid 2018 RR4 encounter - miss distance 3.2 LD, size = 14 metres

Asteroid 2018 RD5 encounter - miss distance 4.4 LD, size = 24 metres

Asteroid 2018 RA6 encounter - miss distance 4.7 LD, size = 29 metres

"Autogenous efficient acceleration of energetic ions upstream of Earth’s bow shock"

"Exploring Jupiter's Trojan Asteroids"

"‘Space debris – a journey to Earth’ nominated for design award"

"Scientists draw up plan to colonize Mars"

"Does the galaxy NGC1052–DF2 falsify Milgromian dynamics?"


September 13 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RE3 encounter - miss distance 1.8 LD, size = 13 metres

Apollo Asteroid 2017 SK21 Near-Earth Flyby (0.094 AU)

Comet 79P/du Toit-Hartley - Perihelion (1.121 AU)

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia September 13 - September 20"

"Water worlds in the Milky Way"


September 14 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 37P/Forbes - At Opposition (1.047 AU)

Comet 223P/Skiff - Closest Approach To Earth (1.612 AU)

"Comet 21P in cursory close approach"

"How to recover the birthplaces of stars"

"TESS begins the hunt for rocky worlds"


September 15 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 SM encounter - miss distance 0.1 LD, size = 5 metres

Asteroid 2018 RE5 encounter - miss distance 1.5 LD, size = 12 metres

"Space junk - cleaning up after ourselves"


 

September 16 2018 - 23:15 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 

September 16 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RB6 encounter - miss distance 1.5 LD, size = 25 metres

Asteroid 2018 RN7 encounter - miss distance 2 LD, size = 11 metres

Asteroid 2018 RG8 encounter - miss distance 3.6 LD, size = 16 metres

Asteroid 2018 RG5 encounter - miss distance 4.5 LD, size = 16 metres

Apollo Asteroid 144332 (2004 DV24) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.056 AU)


 

September 16-21 2014

TU Berlin, Berlin, Germany

European Planetary Science Congress 2018

"Meeting Programme"

 

September 17 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RK6 encounter - miss distance 2.4 LD, size = 9 metres

Asteroid 2018 RM7 encounter - miss distance 2.8 LD, size = 8 metres

"Volcanoes of mud erupt from dwarf planet Ceres"

"Frosty crater on Mars"

"Dawn Probes Role of Cryovolcanism on Ceres"


September 18 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 SC encounter - miss distance 0.7 LD, size = 9 metres

Asteroid 2018 SJ1 encounter - miss distance 1.7 LD, size = 35 metres

Asteroid 2018 SC1 encounter - miss distance 4.1 LD, size = 10 metres

Valentina Ponomaryova's 85th Birthday (1933)

Comet 46P/Wirtanen - At Opposition (0.595 AU)

"First earthlings around the Moon were two Soviet tortoises" - [I love it - Ed.]

"Sunspot Solar Observatory Reopens After Mysterious Shutdown"

"Asteroid Vesta resides near the Lagoon Nebula tonight"


September 19 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RF8 encounter - miss distance 1.4 LD, size = 25 metres

"Pattern in Milky Way’s Stars Suggests Recent Galactic Whack"

"ExoMars highlights radiation risk for Mars astronauts... "

"Milky Way nearly collided with a smaller galaxy in cosmic fender bender"

"Going off-road in the search for dark skies"


 

September 20 2018 - 00:54 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 404,875 km)

 

September 20 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2017 SL16 Near-Earth Flyby (0.022 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 2012 TT5 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.092 AU)

Comet 131P/Mueller - At Opposition (1.550 AU)

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia September 20 - September 27"

"Recent tectonics on Mars"

"Solar warning"

"See Saturn's moons reach beyond the rings"


September 21 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Magellanic Clouds Might Once Have Been a Trio"

"Venus reaches peak brightness tonight"


September 22 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

September 23 2018 - 01:54 UT

Alban Elfed
Autumnal Equinox

 

September 23 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 24 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2018 RQ1 encounter - miss distance 4.1 LD, size = 53 metres

Apollo Asteroid 2015 EP7 Near-Earth Flyby (0.053 AU)


 

September 25 2018 - 02:52 UT

Full Harvest Moon

 

September 25 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2007 TV18 Near-Earth Flyby (0.052 AU)


September 26 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Amor Asteroid 2013 US8 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.094 AU)

Comet 131P/Mueller - Closest Approach To Earth (1.544 AU)


September 27 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 28 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet P/2013 CU129 (PANSTARRS) - At Opposition (0.632 AU)

Comet 66P/du Toit At Opposition (1.106 AU) - At Opposition (1.106 AU)

Comet 73P-T/Schwassmann-Wachmann - Closest Approach To Earth (1.606 AU)


September 29 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2015 SO2 Near-Earth Flyby (0.099 AU)


September 30 2018 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


To understand why the Skywatching Calendar is sometimes late here is some information about Fibromyalgia

For Your Interest:


"Archaeoastronomy
and the Maya"

by
Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos
and
Edwin L. Barnhart

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"Cosmology, Calendars,
and Horizon-based Astronomy
in Ancient Mesoamerica"


by

Anne S. Dowd

and

Susan Milbrath

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"Architecture, Astronomy
and Sacred Landscape
in Ancient Egypt"


by

Giulio Magli

and

Michael A. Morse

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"Ancient Egyptian Sky Lore:
Rethinking the
Conventional Wisdom"


by

Joanne Conman

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"The 2300 BC Event - Vol. 1:
Archaeology and Geophysics
& The Meteoroid Stream"


by

M. M. Mandelkehr

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"The 2300 BC Event takes a new look at an old puzzle: what happened
at this date to cause the various advanced societies on the Earth to simultaneously collapse?

Civilizations in Anatolia and Greece, through Egypt and the Middle East, and eastward to India and Central Asia were at their height. The collapse of these civilizations due to earthquakes and climatic changes has been mirrored by similar interruptions on all continents, in the Arctic, and extending to the Pacific.

The discontinuities have long puzzled archaeologists and historians. New religions and accompanying mythologies appeared at this time in all cultural regions describing bombardment and flooding from the skies.

Strangely, the dominant aspect of the mythologies, however, is the observation and worship of a ring appearing to surround the Earth, oriented to the two Ursa (Bear) constellations."

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"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 2:
Mythology
The Eyewitness Accounts"


by

M. M. Mandelkehr

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

"Some time around 2300 BC the Earth encountered a dense clustering of space debris, the early Southern & Northern Taurid meteoroid stream. The result was an intense fall of meteoroids, some of them sufficiently large to cause surface destruction.

Simultaneous with the meteoroid fall was a huge downpouring of water which caused flash flooding. Extensive destruction and loss of life resulted. An astonishing aspect of the event was the formation of a ring surrounding the Earth, reflecting sunlight during the day, hiding some stars at night, and moving around the sky through a 24-hour period.

Following the 'main event', there were crustal movements which shifted the location of water sources, and caused earthquakes which destroyed settlements. Abrupt severe climate changes occurred."

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"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 3:
Mythology
The Eyewitness Accounts 2"


by

M. M. Mandelkehr

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

"The Northern/Southern Taurid meteoroid stream is identified as the specific meteoroid stream that the Earth encountered at 2300 BC.

The Earth's encounter with a dense cluster of large objects would produce atmospheric phenomena very different from the pleasant and interesting night displays of meteor trails that are within our own experience.

The rain of objects would have generated extraordinary visual and auditory effects combined with ground vibrations; and under extreme conditions would bring about severe surface destruction and loss of life.

The overall event was associated by the people with powerful deities and formed the basis for major religions. The mythologies and traditions are, in large part, the residues of those religions."

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Amazon.com

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"Natural Catastrophes During Bronze Age Civilisations"
(British Archaeological
Reports)
by
Benny J. Peiser
Trevor Palmer
Mark E. Bailey
(Editors)


Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk

Research in the field of neo-catastrophism and impact cratering has quickened its pace since the early 1980s. Scholars such as Victor Clube, Bill Napier, Mark Bailey, Sir Fred Hoyle and Duncan Steel claim that a more 'active' sky might have caused major cultural changes of Bronze Age civilizations, belief systems and religious rituals."


"Archaeoastronomy of Southeast Colorado and the Oklahoma Panhandle"

by

William R McGlone

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"A Little History of
Astro-Archaeology:
Stages in the Transformation
of a Heresy"


by

John Michell

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"Stonehenge today is a battlefield, not only for police and festivalgoers at midsummer but also for rival camps of archaeologists, astronomers, and other researchers into the mysteries of prehistoric religion and science.

Controversy flared up in 1963, when Gerald Hawkins made early use of the computer to identify Stonehenge as an observatory for the sun and moon and an instrument for predicting eclipses. Further studies of megalithic sites by Alexander Thom proved that many of them were also related to the seasonal positions of the heavenly bodies.

The study of astro-archaeology has now expanded worldwide, bringing new revelations about the mystical sciences of antiquity.

This "little history" summarizes the issues involved in astro-archaeology, and illustrates its principal sites and personalities. Included are recent findings of British scientists, whose records of anomalous levels of natural energies at stone circles are in accordance with the magical reputations of such places in local folklore."

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"Mysteries and Discoveries of Archaeoastronomy:
From Giza to Easter Island"

by
Giulio Magli

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"This complete, authoritative study of the growing discipline of Archaeoastronomy examines the role of astronomy in antiquity. Professor Giulio Magli provides a clear, up-to-date survey of current thinking on the motives of the ancients for building fabulous and mysterious monuments all over our planet. Was it an attempt to reproduce the sky on Earth, to bring down the power of the stars to where they could see it, worship it and use it?

The connecting thread is astronomy: Giulio Magli uses astronomy as a key to understanding our ancestors’ way of thinking. It is a challenge he likes to call ‘predicting the past’ - archaeology as a science is able to make predictions, like any other science, and to check them.

All of the astronomical achievements of the past are considered as a whole, in a comprehensive way that shows the depth and breadth of the thought behind them. In the past, the motives of the ancients – and particularly their scientific thought – have often been misconstrued, maligned or even dismissed.

In an ironic, provocative style, Professor Magli shows the limitations of orthodox archaeology in the face of astronomically-based artefacts and tries to understand what led the ancients to construct magnificent buildings such as the city of Teotihuacan in the Mexico Valley, the Ceremonial Centre of Chaco Canyon in the USA, the Avebury stone circle in Great Britain or the Great Pyramids in Egypt.

The book is divided into two parts. In the first, the reader is taken on an ideal ‘world tour’ of many wonderful and enigmatic places in almost every continent, in search of traces of astronomical knowledge and lore of the sky. In the second part, Giulio Magli uses the elements presented in the tour to show that the fundamental idea which led to the construction of the astronomically-related giant monuments was the foundation of power, a foundation which was exploited by ‘replicating’ the sky.

A possible interpretive model then emerges that is founded on the relationship the ancients had with “nature”, in the sense of everything that surrounded them, the cosmos. The numerous monumental astronomically aligned structures of the past then become interpretable as acts of will, expressions of power on the part of those who held it; the will to replicate the heavenly plane here on earth and to build sacred landscapes."

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Amazon.co.uk




"Under Ancient Skies:
Ancient Astronomy and
Terrestrial Catastrophism"

by
Paul Dunbavin

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Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk


"A Sumerian Observation of the Kofels' Impact Event"
by
Mark Hempsell
&
Alan Bond

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Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk


"Ancient Astronomers:
Exploring the Ancient World"

by
Anthony F. Aveni,
Jeremy A. Sabloff
(Editor)

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Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk


"Stonehenge: A New Interpretation of Prehistoric Man and the Cosmos"
by
John David North

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"Stonehenge has fascinated mankind for centuries, enveloping generation after generation in its haunting mystery. But while much has been learned about this ancient monument, the fundamental questions remain: Who built it? What was its purpose? How was it used?

Drawing on more than 15 years of research, John North has at last succeeded where others have failed. He comprehensively examines Stonehenge from all available angles -- archeological, astronomical, and spiritual -- and considers relevant research from other prehistoric remains in Britain and Northern Europe. He shows, for the first time, that the stones were not so much sighting devices as maps of the heavens and that the design of the monument evolved over thousands of years rather than conforming to a single original blueprint.

Such observations form the basis of deductions about prehistoric life and religion that will profoundly affect our understanding of who we are and where we came from."

Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk


"Avebury Cosmos:
The Neolithic World
of Avebury henge"

by
Nicholas R. Mann

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Amazon.co.uk


"The Newgrange Sirius Mystery"
by
E. A. James Swagger

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Amazon.co.uk


"Megalithic Measures
and Rhythms:
Sacred Knowledge of the
Ancient Britons"

by
Anne Macaulay

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Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk


"Archaeoastronomy
and the Maya"

by
Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos
and
Edwin L. Barnhart

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk


"Cosmology, Calendars,
and Horizon-based Astronomy
in Ancient Mesoamerica"

by
Anne S. Dowd
and
Susan Milbrath

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk


"Architecture, Astronomy
and Sacred Landscape
in Ancient Egypt"

by
Giulio Magli
and
Michael A. Morse

an image/link direct to this product at amazon.com

Get This Book From:
Amazon.com
Amazon.co.uk


"Asteroids:
Relics of Ancient Time"


by

Michael K. Shepard

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Amazon.co.uk


"Magicians of the Gods: The forgotten wisdom of earth's lost civilisation - the sequel to Fingerprints of the Gods"

by

Graham Hancock

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"Graham Hancock's multi-million bestseller Fingerprints of the Gods remains an astonishing, deeply controversial, wide-ranging investigation of the mysteries of our past and the evidence for Earth's lost civilization.

20 years on, Hancock returns with the sequel to his seminal work filled with completely new, scientific and archaeological evidence, which has only recently come to light...

The evidence revealed in this book shows beyond reasonable doubt that an advanced civilization that flourished during the Ice Age was destroyed in the global cataclysms between 12,800 and 11,600 years ago.

Near the end of the last Ice Age 12,800 years ago, a giant comet that had entered the solar system from deep space thousands of years earlier, broke into multiple fragments.

Some of these struck the Earth causing a global cataclysm on a scale unseen since the extinction of the dinosaurs.

At least eight of the fragments hit the North American ice cap, while further fragments hit the northern European ice cap.

The impacts, from comet fragments a mile wide approaching at more than 60,000 miles an hour, generated huge amounts of heat which instantly liquidized millions of square kilometers of ice, destabilizing the Earth's crust and causing the global Deluge that is remembered in myths all around the world.

A second series of impacts, equally devastating, causing further cataclysmic flooding, occurred 11,600 years ago, the exact date that Plato gives for the destruction and submergence of Atlantis.

But there were survivors - known to later cultures by names such as 'the Sages', 'the Magicians', 'the Shining Ones', and 'the Mystery Teachers of Heaven'.

They travelled the world in their great ships doing all in their power to keep the spark of civilization burning.

They settled at key locations - Gobekli Tepe in Turkey, Baalbek in the Lebanon, Giza in Egypt, ancient Sumer, Mexico, Peru and across the Pacific where a huge pyramid has recently been discovered in Indonesia."

Get This Book From:

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Amazon.co.uk


"Comets: A Chronological History of Observation, Science, Myth
and Folklore"

by
Donald K. Yeomans

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Amazon.com

Amazon.co.uk


"Life in the Universe:
A Beginner's Guide
Astrobiology"

by
Lewis Dartnell

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"An excellent introduction into the newly emerging and exciting field of astrobiology. An essential, enjoyable and highly readable insight into life in its cosmic context."

Get This Book From:

Amazon.com

Amazon.co.uk


"Planets and Life: The Emerging Science of Astrobiology"
by
Woodruff T. Sullivan III
(Author, Editor)
&
John Baross
(Editor)

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"Astrobiology involves the study of the origin and history of life on Earth, planets and moons where life November have arisen, and the search for extraterrestrial life.

It combines the sciences of biology, chemistry, palaeontology, geology, planetary physics and astronomy. This textbook brings together world experts in each of these disciplines to provide the most comprehensive coverage of the field currently available."

Get This Book From:

Amazon.com

Amazon.co.uk


"Complete Course in Astrobiology"
(Physics Textbook)
by
Gerda Horneck
(Editor)
&
Petra Rettberg
(Editor)

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"This up-to-date resource is based on lectures developed by experts in the relevant fields and carefully edited by the leading astrobiologists within the European community.

Aimed at graduate students in physics, astronomy and biology and their lecturers, the text begins with a general introduction to astrobiology, followed by sections on basic prebiotic chemistry, extremophiles, and habitability in our solar system and beyond."

Get This Book From:

Amazon.com

Amazon.co.uk


"Astrochemistry: From Astronomy
to Astrobiology"

by
Andrew M. Shaw

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"The dynamic field of astrochemistry brings together ideas of physics, astrophysics, biology and chemistry to the study of molecules between stars, around stars and on planets. Astrochemistry: from Astronomy to Astrobiology provides a clear and concise introduction to this rapidly evolving multidisciplinary subject.

Starting with the Molecular Universe, the text covers the formation of the elements, simple models of stars and their classification. It then moves on to draw on the theme of the Origins of Life to study interstellar chemistry, meteorite and comet chemistry as well as the chemistry of planets."

Get This Book From:

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"Fitness of the Cosmos for Life: Biochemistry and Fine-Tuning"
by
John Barrow
(Editor)
Simon Conway Morris
(Editor)
Stephen Freeland
(Editor)
Charles Harper
(Editor)

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"This highly interdisciplinary book highlights many of the ways in which chemistry plays a crucial role in making life an evolutionary possibility in the universe.

Cosmologists and particle physicists have often explored how the observed laws and constants of nature lie within a narrow range that allows complexity and life to evolve and adapt. Here, these anthropic considerations are diversified in a host of new ways to identify the most sensitive features of biochemistry and astrobiology.

Celebrating the classic 1913 work of Lawrence J. Henderson, The Fitness of the Environment for Life, this book looks at the delicate balance between chemistry and the ambient conditions in the universe that permit complex chemical networks and structures to exist."

Get This Book From:

Amazon.com

Amazon.co.uk


"Astrobiology:
A Multi-disciplinary
Approach"

by
Jonathan Lunine

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"Astrobiology: A Multidisciplinary Approach is the most comprehensive textbook available for emerging upper-level courses in astrobiology. Internationally renowned authority Jonathan Lunine gives students with a variety of backgrounds a solid foundation in the essential concepts of physics, chemistry, biology, and other relevant sciences to help them achieve a well-rounded understanding of the fascinating study of the origin of life, planetary evolution, and life in the cosmos."

Get This Book From:

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Skywatching Calendars for:
January - March 2018 | April - June 2018 | October - December 2018

 


Astronomy Programs & Night-Sky Software

 

Google
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From July 16 - 22 1994, more than 20 fragments of
Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9
orbited the Sun and crashed into the surface of Jupiter ...

Comets, Asteroids and SpaceGuard Projects

 

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