The Morien Institute - The events of December 16th to 22nd 1994, when the remnants of a fragmenting comet, P/Shoemaker-Levy 9, bombarded the surface of Jupiter causing fireballs many times the size of our own planet, were an abrupt wake-up call even for those who were aware of them. The historical sciences generally, and archæology in particular, have collectively painted a picture of the past as if our planet stands alone in empty space. Nothing could be further from reality. Our resilient planet exists in a solar system that has experienced a very dynamic history over the past 20 to 30 millennia, and it is only from this wider solar system perspective that the true history of human civilisation will ever be fully understood. The Morien Institute archive therefore contains relevant material from many disciplines.

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

Image of a revolving globe showing current sea levels since the end of the last ice age, before which many ancient societies like Atlantis flourished all over planet Earth on the continental shelves that were inundated by the rising sea levels caused by the melting ice sheets.

Skywatching Calendar July 01 to September 30 2019

text translation service for many worldwide languages

 

Skywatching Calendars for:

January - March 2019 | April - June 2019 | October - December 2019

 

For Your Safety When Daytime Skywatching Please Visit These Websites:

Safe SunWatching | Observing Eclipses Safely | Safely Viewing Sunspots

Safety In Sight | Solar and Heliospheric Observatory



 


Useful Websites for Skywatchers:

Theodore von Kármán Lecture Series

Space Weather Radio

NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day Archive 1995 to present

António Cidadão's Practical Advice for Astrophotography & CCD Imaging

Phil Plait's Bad Astronomy Website debunks astro-nonsense


As of September 05 2019
according to Near-Earth asteroid monitoring groups there were
2015
KNOWN Potentially Hazardous Asteroids
in Earth-crossing orbits


Why Does This Number Go Up, Then Sometimes Go Down?

Book an Educational Visit to the UK SpaceGuard Centre

The National Near Earth Objects Information Centre
is located in Knighton, Powys, LD7 1LW, Wales, United Kingdom

It is open for Public Tours (suitable for ages 9+), and also for
School Tours (suitable for primary & secondary schools)


They are are easily accessible - See Map and directions


Impact Craters on Earth, our Moon
and the other planets in our Solar System

USAF Archive of Fireball Data Releases

NASA JPL Asteroid Watch

The Longterm Impact Hazard to Earth

 

The 3,600 year-old Nebra Sky Disc

an image of the Nebra Sky Disc which is a clickable image link to a book about it from amazon
Made of bronze, with gold decorations of the Sun, Moon and Pleiades
click the image to find out more

 

You Can Help To Support This Free Information Service
If You Buy Your Books About:
Comets & Cometary Debris, Asteroids, Meteors & Meteor Showers

Impact Craters, Meteorites and General Astronomy
From These Links Provided By
The Morien Institute

 

Free Open Source Planetarium
For Your Computer

- Enjoy -

 

 Today is  

 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

 

July 2019 Celestial Events & Space Research News

July 2019 SkyMaps & Sky Guides will not be available until July 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


July 2019 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

BBC The Sky at Night - July 2019

Meteorite Times Magazine - July 2019 - available mid-July

At the start of July 2019 the Sunspot Number is 0


UPDATE July 01 2019 - Unfortunately our Web Editor, John, has had a nasty fall resulting in a dislocated shoulder, and is unable to contribute to updating the news pages for the foreseeable future. I am working in Germany and cannot get cluster access so there will be few updates until I can find a work-around solution - Polly

July 01 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2015 XC352 Near-Earth Flyby (0.031 AU)

"Live webcasting for Total Solar Eclipse 2019 at La Silla" - Live from ESO tomorrow

"Prehistoric art on TS megaliths depict constellations: Study"

"Chile’s mystical Elqui valley and its sky full of stars"

"July 2019: Stalking the Scorpion" - Sky & Telescope Podcast

"Total solar eclipse"


 

July 02 2019 - 19:16 UT

New Moon

 

July 02 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Total Solar Eclipse - visible from Central Chile, Central Argentina

Total Eclipse of the Sun in Chile and Argentina - Vimeo animated map by Larry Koehn

Live webcasting for Total Solar Eclipse 2019 at La Silla - Live from ESO today

2019 Total Solar Eclipse - Live from Chile

2019 Total Solar Eclipse - Live from Argentina


July 03 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

July 04 2019 - 22:11 UT

Earth at Aphelion
(furthest from the Sun - 1.017 AU)

 

July 04 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Moon Occults Mars

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 04 - July 11"


 

July 05 2019 - 04:54 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 363,729 km)

 

July 05 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The 2019 Taurid resonant swarm: prospects for ground detection of small NEOs"


July 06 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 10145 (1994 CK1) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.099 AU)


July 07 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury Passes 3.8° From Mars - as seen from Earth

Asteroid 2016 NO56 encounter - miss distance 3.4 LD, size = 26 metres

Apollo Asteroid 2016 NO56 Near-Earth Flyby (0.009 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 2016 OF Near-Earth Flyby (0.033 AU)


July 08 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

July 09 2019 - 10:55 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 

July 09 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Saturn - At Opposition

Apollo Asteroid 3200 Phaethon - Closest Approach To Earth (0.810 AU)

"Dust storms brew over Mars"


July 10 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 209P/LINEAR - Closet Approach To Earth (0.668 AU)

"Sky-surveying Telescopes Sweep Up Near-Earth Asteroids"

"India set to launch Moon rover and orbiter"


July 11 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Japanese spacecraft snags second sample from asteroid"

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 11 - July 18"


July 12 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Amor Asteroid 2016 NJ33 Near-Earth Flyby (0.038 AU)


July 13 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


July 14 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2018 BF5 Near-Earth Flyby (0.098 AU)

"Ploonets: When a planet's moon goes rogue"


July 15 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2019 NB7 encounter - miss distance 2.3 LD, size = 12 metres

"Don’t miss Tuesday night’s partial lunar eclipse"

"Asteroid with shortest year spotted"


 

July 16 2019 - 21:38 UT

Full Buck Moon

 

July 16 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Partial Lunar Eclipse - visible from South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia

Moon Occults Saturn

Asteroid 2019 OB encounter - miss distance 2.7 LD, size = 23 metres

"Using 'frozen smoke' to build terraforming domes on Mars"

"Our Guide to Tuesday Night’s Partial Lunar Eclipse"

"Pictures from Curiosity Show the Bottom of an Ancient Lake on Mars... "


July 17 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Scientists start developing a mini gravitational wave detector"

"The Science of Apollo"

"Inside Project A119, the secret US plan to detonate a nuclear bomb on the Moon"

"Gaia Mission is Mapping Out the Bar at the Center of the Milky Way"


July 18 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 18 - July 25"

"Asteroid 2006 QV89 Now Has a 0% Chance of Hitting Earth in September"


July 19 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"There are Ring-Like Formations Around the Lakes on Titan"


July 20 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Starship Prototype Catches Fire After a Recent Test, But Appears Undamage"


 

July 21 2019 - 00:01 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 405,480 km)

 

July 21 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet P/2008 Y12 (SOHO) - At Opposition (0.852 AU)

Aten Asteroid 2016 KO Near-Earth Flyby (0.095 AU)


July 22 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"India successfully launches unmanned mission to the far side of the Moon"

"The Milky Way cannibalized a neighboring galaxy"


July 23 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Hints of previously unknown asteroid impact found in Florida clam fossils"


July 24 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury Passes 5.7° From Venus - as seen from Earth

Asteroid 2019 OD encounter - miss distance 0.9 LD, size = 72 metres

Apollo Asteroid 2015 HM10 Near-Earth Flyby (0.031 AU)

Comet P/2006 S1 (Christensen) - Closest Approach To Earth (0.890 AU)

"India’s Chandrayaan-2 is Heading to the Moon"


 

July 25 2019 - 01:18 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 

July 25 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2019 OK encounter - miss distance 0.2 LD, size = 79 metres

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia July 25 - August 01"

"A large asteroid just zipped between Earth and the Moon"


July 26 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2010 PK9 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.021 AU)

"Thanks to Gaia, we Now Know Exactly How Big Europa is"

"Opponents of the Thirty Meter Telescope fight the process, not science"

"Fireball May Have Dropped Meteorites in Ontario"

"Ancient Mars tsunami hints at surprisingly wet world"


July 27 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


July 28 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2019 OD3 encounter - miss distance 0.5 LD, size = 15 metres

Asteroid 2019 OB1 encounter - miss distance 2 LD, size = 9 metres


July 29 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

South Delta-Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak

"d–Aquarid meteor shower"

"Watch this Amazing Video of Hayabusa 2 Picking Up a Sample from assteroid Ryugu"

"As Meteorites Slice Through the Atmosphere, They’re Sculpted Into Cones"


July 30 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Crab Nebula blasts Earth with highest-energy photons ever recorded"

"August Will Have Two New Moons! What’s the Big Deal?"

"Why Is The Moon’s South Pole So Important? It’s All About Water"

"To save the internet, Silicon Valley is sending it to space"


July 31 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

You Can Help To Support This Free Service
If You Buy Your Books About:
Comets & Cometary Debris, Asteroids, Meteors & Meteor Showers

Impact Craters, Meteorites and General Astronomy
From These Links Provided By
The Morien Institute

 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

 

August 2019
Live Celestial Events & Space Research News

August 2019 SkyMaps and Sky Guides are NOT AVAILABLE UNTIL August 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


August 2019 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

BBC The Sky at Night - August 2019

Meteorite Times Magazine - August 2019 - available mid-August

At the start of August 2019 the Sunspot Number is 0

 

August 01 2019 - 03:12 UT

New Moon

 

August 01 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Alpha Capricornids Meteor Shower Peak

Apollo Asteroid 2012 DT32 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.021 AU)

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 01 - August 08"

"An Open Letter To All Of Hawaii"

"Could we unleash microbes to mine asteroids?"


 

August 02 2019 - 07:08 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 359,398 km)

 

August 02 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"NASA rocket launch set to aid search for signs of alien life"

"How Habitable is Titan? NASA is Sending the Titan Dragonfly Helicopter to Find Out"

"All Life on Earth is Made up of the Same 20 Amino Acids. Scientist Now Think They Know Why"

"TESS’s First Year of Science"


August 03 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Rock Almost Rolled Into This Crater on the Moon… Almost"

"Snowball Exoplanets Might Be Better for Life Than We Thought"


August 04 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Fireball Explodes Over Ontario, Meteorite Fragments May Have Reached the Ground"

"Romancing the stars"


August 05 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Long-term radiation exposure from space travel harms memory, mood"


August 06 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Southern Iota Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak

Asteroid 2019 PC1 encounter - miss distance 2.2 LD, size = 22 metres

"What Are Light Echoes? Using Reflections Of Light To See Even Further Back In Time"

"From Lunar Flashes to Variable Stars: Pro-Am Astronomy Projects"


 

August 07 2019 - 17:31 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 

August 07 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2019 PH1 encounter - miss distance 2.1 LD, size = 38 metres

"New Images from China’s Chang’e 4 as Eighth Lunar Day Ends"

"Astronomers search for radio signals from 'dead planets'"


August 08 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

2019 Perseids Meteor Shower - Observation SkyMap for August 12/13 Peak

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 08 - August 15"

"When Earth's magnetic field flips, it could take thousands of years"

"Texas Amateur Detects Possible Impact on Jupiter"


August 09 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury - At Its Greatest Western Elongation (19°) - as seen from Earth

"SETI to use deep-sea vents for practice hunting alien life"


August 10 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2006 QQ23 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.050 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 2005 CL7 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.068 AU)

2019 Perseids Meteor Shower - Observation SkyMap for ugust 10-13

"A Monster Black Hole has been Found with 40 Billion Times the Mass of the Sun"


August 11 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

2019 Perseids Meteor Shower - Observation SkyMap for TOMORROW


August 12 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Perseids Meteor Shower Peak Overnight - look tonight until dawn tomorrow

2019 Perseids Meteor Shower - Observation SkyMap for TONIGHT

Perseids Meteor Shower - SkyMap

2019 Perseids Meteor Shower - history and observing advice

Apollo Asteroid 454094 (2013 BZ45) Near-Earth Flyby (0.044 AU)

Moon Occults Saturn

"Perseid meteor watch: Summer's prolific light show takes a hit"

"The origin of life: Not as coincidental as once thought?"


August 13 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Perseids Meteor Shower - SkyMap for pre-dawn observations

Aten Asteroid 2017 QK18 Near-Earth Flyby (0.076 AU)

"Supernova dust found hidden in antarctic snow"


August 14 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Realtime Meteor Photo Gallery - from SpaceWeather.com

 

August 15 2019 - 12:29 UT

Full Sturgeon Moon

 

August 15 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 15 - August 22"

"Jupiter may have been hit by a massive proto-planet long ago"

"New date for 'Late Heavy Bombardment' may change life's timeline on Earth"


August 16 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"A massive star completely destroyed by a supernova is puzzling scientists"

"NASA Selects Final Four Asteroid Landing Sites for Osiris-REX"


 

August 17 2019 - 10:50 UT

Moon at Apogee

(furthest from the Earth = 406,244 km)

 

August 17 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 141593 (2002 HK12) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.062 AU)

"When it Comes to Gamma Radiation, the Moon is Actually Brighter Than the Sun"


August 18 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


August 19 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Exoplanet's vaporized atmosphere reveals rare look at its rocky surface"


August 20 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Second giant planet found around nearby star Beta Pictoris"

"Image Sleuth Spots 'Churyumoon' Around Rosetta’s Comet"

"A brief history of Saturn's amazing rings"


August 21 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet P/2008 Y12 (SOHO) - Closest Approach To Earth (0.620 AU)

Aten Asteroid 2008 PR9 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.044 AU)

"Why do we still believe in 'lunacy' during a Full Moon?"


August 22 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 22 - August 29"

"The latest photos of Hayabusa2's mission to asteroid Ryugu"


 

August 23 2019 - 14:56 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 

August 23 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Life on alien worlds could be more diverse than on Earth"


August 24 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Venus Passes 0.3° From Mars - as seen from Earth

Asteroid 2019 QU3 encounter - miss distance 1.7 LD, size = 6 metres


August 25 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2003 YG136 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.051 AU)

Aten Asteroid 66146 (1998 TU3) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.074 AU)

"NASA investigates first alleged space crime... "


August 26 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2019 QQ3 encounter - miss distance 0.2 LD, size = 5 metres

Amor Asteroid 2016 PD1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.029 AU)


August 27 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 322P/SOHO - Closest Approach To Earth (0.883 AU)

Aten Asteroid 2002 JR100 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.050 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 153814 (2001 WN5) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.098 AU)

"A star is dead: Hubble sees aftermath of a sun's death"

"The Supernova That Destroyed Its Star"


August 28 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2019 OU1 encounter - miss distance 2.7 LD, size = 102 metres

"By Continuously Watching the Moon, we Could Detect Interstellar Meteorites"

"A Possible Solution to Mars’s Methane Problem"


August 29 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2008 SJ82 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.068 AU)

"Changes in Earth's orbit likely kick-started one of the hottest periods in history"

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia August 29 - September 05"

"Mysterious dark patches in Venus’ clouds are affecting the weather there"

"Have Astronomers Detected Exomoons At Last?"


 

August 30 2019 - 10:37 UT

New Moon

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

August 30 2019 - 15:57 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 357,177 km)

 

August 30 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Astronomers Catch Asteroid in the Act of Changing Color – For the First Time Ever"


August 31 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Millions of Black Holes Zooming Through Milky Way Like Bullets, Astronomers Say"

"Why does Mars’ methane vary across a single Martian day?"


 

You Can Help To Support This Free Service
If You Buy Your Books About:
Comets & Cometary Debris, Asteroids, Meteors & Meteor Showers

Impact Craters, Meteorites and General Astronomy
From These Links Provided By
The Morien Institute

 

SpaceWeather Information & Resources

Getting Ready for the Next Big Solar Storm

What is Heliophysics | NASA Living With a Star

NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center | The Australian Space Weather Agency

Space Weather Radio | ESA Space Environment Information System

Space weather influences on atmospheric electricity

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery


a solar wind image link to the australian spaceweather agency home page

Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability,
the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets

Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate
on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate

 

 

September 2019
Live Celestial Events & Space Research News

September 2019 SkyMaps and Sky Guides are NOT AVAILABLE UNTIL September 1st

The Astronomy Picture of the Day feature will not be available until that date
It is updated daily using Universal Time (UT) which is the same as GMT


September 2019 - SkyMaps & Celestial Guides .....

Astronomy Today Sky Guide - September 2019

Meteorite Times Magazine - September 2019 - available mid-September

At the start of September 2019 the Sunspot Number is 0


September 01 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet 322P/SOHO - Perihelion (0.062 AU)

"In Search of Habitable Worlds Beyond Our Solar System... "

"September 2019: Triangle Time"


September 02 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2019 RQ encounter - miss distance 0.3 LD, size = 3 metres

Asteroid 2019 RE1 encounter - miss distance 3.8 LD, size = 6 metres

"European Space Agency satellite narrowly avoids crash with SpaceX ‘constellation’"

"ESA’s Gaia Space Telescope Traces Milky Way’s Stellar Families"

"India's Chandrayaan-2 mission ready for historic landing on the Moon"


September 03 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury Passes 0.7° From Mars - as seen from Earth

Apollo Asteroid 2018 DE1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.033 AU)

"Planet WASP-12b Might Be on a Death Spiral into its Parent Star"

"Loud 'boom' heard across New York likely a fireball entering Earth's atmosphere"

"Solar system Chaos at Paleocene-Eocene Boundary Constrained by Geology... "

"Helicopter added to Mars 2020 rover"


September 04 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2019 RB2 encounter - miss distance 1.1 LD, size = 10 metres

Asteroid 2019 RF1 encounter - miss distance 3.5 LD, size = 6 metres

"SpaceX blames a ‘bug’ for dramatic near-miss with European Space Agency satellite"


September 05 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

As of today there are 2015 known Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHA)

Asteroid 2019 RP1 encounter - miss distance 0.1 LD, size = 10 metres

Aten Asteroid 2006 SE6 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.072 AU)

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia September 05 - September 12"

"If we find alien life, can we avoid harming it?"

"Europe and US are Going to Try and Deflect an Asteroid"

"C/2018 W2 (Africano) at perihelion"


 

September 06 2019 - 03:10 UT

First Lunar Quarter

 

September 06 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 465617 (2009 EK1) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.057 AU)

"Watch Live: India prepares for their first Moon landing"

"India’s Chandrayaan 2 Loses Contact with Vikram Lunar Lander"

"Mercury has Magnetic Poles that Drift Like Earth’s"


September 07 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Asteroid 2019 RC1 encounter - miss distance 0.5 LD, size = 6 metres

Apollo Asteroid 2016 LT1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.073 AU)


September 08 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Moon Occults Saturn

"Major Warming Event in Earth's Ancient Past Triggered by Rare Orbital Quirk in Space"


September 09 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Piscid meteor shower Peak

Asteroid 2019 RG2 encounter - miss distance 1.4 LD, size = 12 metres

Comet 289P/Blanpain - At Opposition (0.667 AU)

"India locates Chandrayaan-2 lunar lander lost on final approach to Moon"

"Planetary History Written in Saturn’s Rings"


September 10 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury Passes 0.3° From Venus - as seen from Earth

Asteroid 2019 QY4 encounter - miss distance 2.5 LD, size = 10 metres

"Explosions may have formed lakes on Saturn's moon Titan"


September 11 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Water found in habitable super-Earth's atmosphere for first time"

"Milestone: Astronomers Discover Water Vapor on a Super-Earth"


September 12 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"The Sky This Week centred on Australasia September 12 - September 19"

"Here’s Hubble’s Newest Image of Saturn"

"Astronomers may have discovered an interstellar comet visiting our solar system"


 

September 13 2019 - 13:32 UT

Moon at Apogee
(furthest from the Earth = 406,378 km)

 

September 13 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury Passes 0.3° From Venus - as seen from Earth

Apollo Asteroid 2013 CV83 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.040 AU)

"Oumuamua 2.0? New Interstellar Object Passing Through the Solar System"


 

September 14 2019 - 04:33 UT

Full Harvest Moon

 

September 14 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Amor Asteroid 467317 (2000 QW7) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.036 AU)

Apollo Asteroid 504800 (2010 CO1) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.036 AU)

"Images are Starting to Come in of the New Interstellar Comet"


September 15 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

"Bizarre Comet From Another Star System Just Spotted"

"Milky Way’s black hole appears to be getting hungrier"

"ESO’s VISTA captures detailed look at galactic neighbour"


September 16 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2018 FU1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.047 AU)

"NASA reveals incredible image of circular rainbow around the moon"


September 17 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 18 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 19 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 20 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 21 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 2017 SL16 Near-Earth Flyby (0.020 AU)


 

September 22 2019 - 02:41 UT

Third Lunar Quarter

 

September 22 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

 

September 23 2019 - 07:50 UT

Alban Elfed
Autumnal Equinox

 

September 23 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Aten Asteroid 2007 TQ24 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.062 AU


September 24 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Apollo Asteroid 1998 FF14 - Near-Earth Flyby (0.028 AU)


September 25 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Mercury reaches highest point in evening sky

C/2018 W2 (Africano) reaches its brightest


September 26 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Comet P/2014 U2 (Kowalski) - Closest Approch To Earth (0.280 AU)

Aten Asteroid 2017 KP27 Near-Earth Flyby (0.016 AU)


September 27 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


 

September 28 2019 - 18:26 UT

New Moon

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

September 28 2019 - 02:27 UT

Moon at Perigee
(closest to the Earth = 357,803 km)

 

September 28 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Amor Asteroid 354030 (2001 RB18) - Near-Earth Flyby (0.093 AU)


September 29 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


September 30 2019 - Today's Celestial Events & Space Exploration News .....

Astronomy Picture of the Day


To understand why the Skywatching Calendar is sometimes late here is some information about Fibromyalgia


"Archaeoastronomy and the Maya"

by

Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos

and

Edwin L. Barnhart

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"Cosmology, Calendars, and Horizon-based Astronomy in Ancient Mesoamerica"

by

Anne S. Dowd

and

Susan Milbrath

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"Architecture, Astronomy and Sacred Landscape in Ancient Egypt"

by

Giulio Magli

and

Michael A. Morse

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"Ancient Egyptian Sky Lore: Rethinking the Conventional Wisdom"

by

Joanne Conman

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"The 2300 BC Event - Vol. 1:
Archaeology and Geophysics
& The Meteoroid Stream"


by

M. M. Mandelkehr

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"The 2300 BC Event takes a new look at an old puzzle: what happened
at this date to cause the various advanced societies on the Earth to simultaneously collapse?

Civilizations in Anatolia and Greece, through Egypt and the Middle East, and eastward to India and Central Asia were at their height. The collapse of these civilizations due to earthquakes and climatic changes has been mirrored by similar interruptions on all continents, in the Arctic, and extending to the Pacific.

The discontinuities have long puzzled archaeologists and historians. New religions and accompanying mythologies appeared at this time in all cultural regions describing bombardment and flooding from the skies.

Strangely, the dominant aspect of the mythologies, however, is the observation and worship of a ring appearing to surround the Earth, oriented to the two Ursa (Bear) constellations."

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"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 2:
Mythology
The Eyewitness Accounts"


by

M. M. Mandelkehr

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"Some time around 2300 BC the Earth encountered a dense clustering of space debris, the early Southern & Northern Taurid meteoroid stream. The result was an intense fall of meteoroids, some of them sufficiently large to cause surface destruction.

Simultaneous with the meteoroid fall was a huge downpouring of water which caused flash flooding. Extensive destruction and loss of life resulted. An astonishing aspect of the event was the formation of a ring surrounding the Earth, reflecting sunlight during the day, hiding some stars at night, and moving around the sky through a 24-hour period.

Following the 'main event', there were crustal movements which shifted the location of water sources, and caused earthquakes which destroyed settlements. Abrupt severe climate changes occurred."

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"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 3:
Mythology
The Eyewitness Accounts 2"


by

M. M. Mandelkehr

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"The Northern/Southern Taurid meteoroid stream is identified as the specific meteoroid stream that the Earth encountered at 2300 BC.

The Earth's encounter with a dense cluster of large objects would produce atmospheric phenomena very different from the pleasant and interesting night displays of meteor trails that are within our own experience.

The rain of objects would have generated extraordinary visual and auditory effects combined with ground vibrations; and under extreme conditions would bring about severe surface destruction and loss of life.

The overall event was associated by the people with powerful deities and formed the basis for major religions. The mythologies and traditions are, in large part, the residues of those religions."

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"Archaeoastronomy of Southeast Colorado and the Oklahoma Panhandle"

by

William R McGlone

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"A Little History of
Astro-Archaeology:
Stages in the Transformation
of a Heresy"


by

John Michell

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"Stonehenge today is a battlefield, not only for police and festivalgoers at midsummer but also for rival camps of archaeologists, astronomers, and other researchers into the mysteries of prehistoric religion and science.

Controversy flared up in 1963, when Gerald Hawkins made early use of the computer to identify Stonehenge as an observatory for the sun and moon and an instrument for predicting eclipses. Further studies of megalithic sites by Alexander Thom proved that many of them were also related to the seasonal positions of the heavenly bodies.

The study of astro-archaeology has now expanded worldwide, bringing new revelations about the mystical sciences of antiquity.

This "little history" summarizes the issues involved in astro-archaeology, and illustrates its principal sites and personalities. Included are recent findings of British scientists, whose records of anomalous levels of natural energies at stone circles are in accordance with the magical reputations of such places in local folklore."

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"Mysteries and Discoveries of Archaeoastronomy:
From Giza to Easter Island"

by
Giulio Magli

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"This complete, authoritative study of the growing discipline of Archaeoastronomy examines the role of astronomy in antiquity. Professor Giulio Magli provides a clear, up-to-date survey of current thinking on the motives of the ancients for building fabulous and mysterious monuments all over our planet. Was it an attempt to reproduce the sky on Earth, to bring down the power of the stars to where they could see it, worship it and use it?

The connecting thread is astronomy: Giulio Magli uses astronomy as a key to understanding our ancestors’ way of thinking. It is a challenge he likes to call ‘predicting the past’ - archaeology as a science is able to make predictions, like any other science, and to check them.

All of the astronomical achievements of the past are considered as a whole, in a comprehensive way that shows the depth and breadth of the thought behind them. In the past, the motives of the ancients – and particularly their scientific thought – have often been misconstrued, maligned or even dismissed.

In an ironic, provocative style, Professor Magli shows the limitations of orthodox archaeology in the face of astronomically-based artefacts and tries to understand what led the ancients to construct magnificent buildings such as the city of Teotihuacan in the Mexico Valley, the Ceremonial Centre of Chaco Canyon in the USA, the Avebury stone circle in Great Britain or the Great Pyramids in Egypt.

The book is divided into two parts. In the first, the reader is taken on an ideal ‘world tour’ of many wonderful and enigmatic places in almost every continent, in search of traces of astronomical knowledge and lore of the sky. In the second part, Giulio Magli uses the elements presented in the tour to show that the fundamental idea which led to the construction of the astronomically-related giant monuments was the foundation of power, a foundation which was exploited by ‘replicating’ the sky.

A possible interpretive model then emerges that is founded on the relationship the ancients had with “nature”, in the sense of everything that surrounded them, the cosmos. The numerous monumental astronomically aligned structures of the past then become interpretable as acts of will, expressions of power on the part of those who held it; the will to replicate the heavenly plane here on earth and to build sacred landscapes."

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"Under Ancient Skies:
Ancient Astronomy and
Terrestrial Catastrophism"

by
Paul Dunbavin

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"A Sumerian Observation of the Kofels' Impact Event"
by
Mark Hempsell
&
Alan Bond

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"Ancient Astronomers:
Exploring the Ancient World"

by
Anthony F. Aveni,
Jeremy A. Sabloff
(Editor)

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"Stonehenge: A New Interpretation of Prehistoric Man and the Cosmos"
by
John David North

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"Stonehenge has fascinated mankind for centuries, enveloping generation after generation in its haunting mystery. But while much has been learned about this ancient monument, the fundamental questions remain: Who built it? What was its purpose? How was it used?

Drawing on more than 15 years of research, John North has at last succeeded where others have failed. He comprehensively examines Stonehenge from all available angles -- archeological, astronomical, and spiritual -- and considers relevant research from other prehistoric remains in Britain and Northern Europe. He shows, for the first time, that the stones were not so much sighting devices as maps of the heavens and that the design of the monument evolved over thousands of years rather than conforming to a single original blueprint.

Such observations form the basis of deductions about prehistoric life and religion that will profoundly affect our understanding of who we are and where we came from."

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"Avebury Cosmos:
The Neolithic World
of Avebury henge"

by
Nicholas R. Mann

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"The Newgrange Sirius Mystery"
by
E. A. James Swagger

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"Megalithic Measures
and Rhythms:
Sacred Knowledge of the
Ancient Britons"

by
Anne Macaulay

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"Archaeoastronomy
and the Maya"

by
Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos
and
Edwin L. Barnhart

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Amazon.co.uk


"Asteroids:
Relics of Ancient Time"


by

Michael K. Shepard

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"Comets: A Chronological History of Observation, Science, Myth
and Folklore"

by
Donald K. Yeomans

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"Life in the Universe:
A Beginner's Guide
Astrobiology"

by
Lewis Dartnell

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"An excellent introduction into the newly emerging and exciting field of astrobiology. An essential, enjoyable and highly readable insight into life in its cosmic context."

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"Planets and Life: The Emerging Science of Astrobiology"
by
Woodruff T. Sullivan III
(Author, Editor)
&
John Baross
(Editor)

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"Astrobiology involves the study of the origin and history of life on Earth, planets and moons where life November have arisen, and the search for extraterrestrial life.

It combines the sciences of biology, chemistry, palaeontology, geology, planetary physics and astronomy. This textbook brings together world experts in each of these disciplines to provide the most comprehensive coverage of the field currently available."

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"Complete Course in Astrobiology"
(Physics Textbook)
by
Gerda Horneck
(Editor)
&
Petra Rettberg
(Editor)

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"This up-to-date resource is based on lectures developed by experts in the relevant fields and carefully edited by the leading astrobiologists within the European community.

Aimed at graduate students in physics, astronomy and biology and their lecturers, the text begins with a general introduction to astrobiology, followed by sections on basic prebiotic chemistry, extremophiles, and habitability in our solar system and beyond."

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"Astrochemistry: From Astronomy
to Astrobiology"

by
Andrew M. Shaw

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"The dynamic field of astrochemistry brings together ideas of physics, astrophysics, biology and chemistry to the study of molecules between stars, around stars and on planets. Astrochemistry: from Astronomy to Astrobiology provides a clear and concise introduction to this rapidly evolving multidisciplinary subject.

Starting with the Molecular Universe, the text covers the formation of the elements, simple models of stars and their classification. It then moves on to draw on the theme of the Origins of Life to study interstellar chemistry, meteorite and comet chemistry as well as the chemistry of planets."

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"Fitness of the Cosmos for Life: Biochemistry and Fine-Tuning"
by
John Barrow
(Editor)
Simon Conway Morris
(Editor)
Stephen Freeland
(Editor)
Charles Harper
(Editor)

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"This highly interdisciplinary book highlights many of the ways in which chemistry plays a crucial role in making life an evolutionary possibility in the universe.

Cosmologists and particle physicists have often explored how the observed laws and constants of nature lie within a narrow range that allows complexity and life to evolve and adapt. Here, these anthropic considerations are diversified in a host of new ways to identify the most sensitive features of biochemistry and astrobiology.

Celebrating the classic 1913 work of Lawrence J. Henderson, The Fitness of the Environment for Life, this book looks at the delicate balance between chemistry and the ambient conditions in the universe that permit complex chemical networks and structures to exist."

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Skywatching Calendars for:

January - March 2019 | April - June 2019 | October - December 2019

 

 


Astronomy Programs & Night-Sky Software

 

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From July 16 - 22 1994, more than 20 fragments of
Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9
orbited the Sun and crashed into the surface of Jupiter ...

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