The events of July 16th to 22nd 1994, when the remnants of a fragmenting comet, P/Shoemaker-Levy 9, bombarded the surface of Jupiter causing fireballs many times the size of our own planet, were an abrupt wake-up call even for those who were aware of them. The historical sciences generally, and Archaeology in particular, have collectively painted a picture of the past as if our planet stands alone in empty space. Nothing could be further from reality. Our resilient planet exists in a solar system that has experienced a very dynamic history over the past 20 to 30 millennia, and it is only from this wider solar system perspective that the true history of human civilisation will ever be fully understood. The Morien Institute archive therefore contains relevant material from many disciplines.

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Image of a revolving globe showing current sea levels since the last ice age, before which many ancient societies like Atlantis flourished all over planet Earth on what are now sunken lands.

Archaeology News Headlines
July 01 to September 30 2018

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Morien Institute News Headlines Archive
January 01 - March 31 | April 01 - June 30 | October 01 - December 31

Marine Archaeology News 2018 | Astro-Archaeology News 2018




 Today is  


August 2018 News Headlines



"Early Egyptian Embalming Recipe Analyzed"
BBC News (UK)

"Archaeologists found traces of the cradle of the Slavs in Belarusian Polesie"
PAP (Poland)

"New Finds Reveal More of Greek Goddess’ Sanctuary"
Greek Reporter (Greece)

"Animal fat on ancient pottery reveals a nearly catastrophic period of human prehistory"
Science Magazine (USA)

"Unpublished Egyptian texts reveal new insights into ancient medicine"
Science Nordic (Denmark)

"Ancient Egypt: A Tale of Human Sacrifice?"

"Archaeologists Discover Ancient Greek Ship in Black Sea"
Greek Reporter (Greece)

"Great archeological discovery: 3400-year-old citadel unearthed in Romania"
Romania Insider (Romania)

"Pre-Incan archaeological remains found in Huancayo"
Peru Reports (Peru)

"The debate over people’s pathway into the Americas heats up"
Science News (USA)
"Despite recently getting a cold shoulder from some researchers, a long-standing idea that North America's first settlers entered the continent via an ice-free inland corridor boasts more scientific support than any other proposal, an international team says.

New World colonizers from Asia may also have travelled by canoe down the Northwest Pacific Coast and perhaps much farther, as critics of the ice-free corridor hypothesis have argued.

But less evidence supports that possibility, archaeologist Ben Potter of the University of Alaska Fairbanks and colleagues argue in a research review published online August 8 in Science Advances.

Whatever route they took, people didn't reach North America until after 16,000 years ago as temperatures rose near the end of the Ice Age and shoreline food sources expanded, the interdisciplinary group concludes.

Widespread human occupations appeared in the Americas by about 13,500 years ago. Sites from this time were inhabited by the Clovis people, best known for long, triangular spearpoints used in hunting big game."

[Read The Full Story]

[Another interesting story from Science News! The battle between those who believe in the 'ice-free corridor' and those who believe in 'coastal seafarers' migrations has been raging for many years, but a combination of the two is just as likely. This study shows the merits of both methods as well as the combination of both. However it concludes that the 'ice-free corridor' is the most likely. It's well worth a visit to read the full story - Ed.]

"Pygmy people in Indonesia not related to 'hobbit' but evolved short stature independently"
ABC News (Australia)

"Tiny Humans Evolved Twice on Flores: Today’s Pygmies Unrelated to Extinct ‘Hobbit’ "
Ha'aretz (Israel)

"Stonehenge, England's pride, may actually be Welsh"
The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia)

"We Are All Harappans"
Outlook (India)

"Tibet's largest joint archaeological excavation to explore region's ancient civilizations"
ECNS (China)

"Welshmen helped build Stonehenge, study finds"
Cambrian News (Cymru)

"Turkey's Göbekli Tepe: is this the world’s first architecture?"
The Art Newspaper (USA)
"At around 12,000 years old, Göbekli Tepe in south-east Turkey has been billed as the world's oldest temple.

It is many millennia older than Stonehenge or Egypt's great pyramids, built in the pre-pottery Neolithic period before writing or the wheel.

But should Göbekli Tepe, which became a Unesco World Heritage Site in July, also be regarded as the world's oldest piece of architecture?

Archaeologists are fascinated by Göbekli Tepe, an artificial mound spread across eight hectares at the top end of the Fertile Crescent near the present-day city of Sanliurfa.

It features a series of circular sunken structures that had been occupied for a thousand years before they were back-filled and abandoned."

[Read The Full Story]

[This is an important question asked by The Art Newspaper. The enigma that is the Göbekli Tepe complex is surely a fine example of the artistic style of the times (12,000 years+ ago), and by the little we have seen of it so far it certainly does qualify for the title of "world's oldest piece of architecture?". It's well worth a visit to read the full story - Ed.]

"7 tombs of Hellenistic, Roman-period unearthed"
Anadolu Agency (Turkey)

"Private American Collector Returns 12 Ancient Artifacts to Thailand"
Chiang Rai Times (Thailand)

"Experts ask if there was a tsunami in ancient Orkney"
BBC News (UK)

"Archaeologists find Saka burial mound, later graves near Astana"
The Astana Times (Kazakhstan)

"Tibet relics suggest plateau Silk Road"
Global Times (China)

"Ancient human teeth suggest new links between prehistoric African populations"
Natural History Museum (UK)

"Two Ancient Egyptian tombs uncovered in Minya"
Egypt Independent (Egypt)

"Prehistoric Mass Graves May Be Linked to Tsunamis"
R&D Magazine (USA)


an image of a meteor flashing through the sky


July 2018 News Headlines



"Treasure of Mayan Cave Paintings Discovered in Southeast Mexico"
Latin American Herald Tribune (Venezuela)

"Ancient Arctic people may have known how to spin yarn long before Vikings arrived"
CBC News (Canada)

"Rich Chalcolithic and Bronze Age finds at Cyprus Makounta Voules excavations"
Tornos News (Greece)

"Ancient dreams of intelligent machines: 3,000 years of robots"
Nature (UK)

"'Astonishing' find of 2,000-year-old hair on Orkney"
The Scotsman (Scotland)

"Japan’s love affair with fish began very early"
Cosmos (Australia)

"Ancient farmers transformed Amazon and left an enduring legacy on the rainforest"
Popular Archaeology (USA)

"New temples, stones found in Turkey's Gobeklitepe site"
Anadolu Agency (Turkey)
"Archeologists have discovered new temples and standing stones in Gobeklitepe, an archeological site located in Turkey's southeastern Sanliurfa province.

In an interview with Anadolu Agency, Mehmet Onal, the head of the Archeology Department at Harran University in Sanliurfa, said at least 15 more mega monumental temples and more than 200 standing stones were discovered as part of geophysical surveys in the region.

'As archaeological excavations continue in the coming years, we will come across new constructions', said Onal.

He noted that the excavations in Gobeklitepe are estimated to continue for at least 150 years."

[Read The Full Story]

[An excellent story from Anadolu Agency! There is so much more yet to be discovered at the Gobeklitepe megalithic complex that is still buried and which informs us about the real start of civilisation. And much, much more to be discovered once competant astroarchaeologists begin analysing the complex in full. It's well worth a visit to read the full story - Ed.]

"Archaeologists Say Humans May Have Come To Texas Earlier Than Previously Thought"
Texas Standard (USA)

"A treasure of silver and bronze coins discovered in Georgia"
PAP (Poland)

"Mexico's earthquake uncovered an ancient temple inside Teopanzolco"
Al Děa (Mexico)

"The site of the earliest known temple on earth continues to keep its secrets"
Apollo Magazine (UK)

"Traces of war found in ancient Lydian city Sardis"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)

"Oldest Homer’s Odyssey inscriptions discovered on Roman era slabs at Ancient Olympia site"
Tornos News (Greece)

"The best radiocarbon-dated site in recent Iberian prehistory"
Popular Archaeology (USA)

"Mummies, embalming equipment discovered south of Pyramid of Unas in Egypt's Saqqara"
Ahram Online (Egypt)

"New archeological research forces historians to reconsider the story of Iceland's settlement"
Iceland Magazine (Iceland)
"Archeological excavation in East Iceland and C-14 dating of barley found in Viking Age ruins in Reykjavík threaten to topple the accepted account of Iceland's settlement in the 9th and 10th centuries by Norse Vikings.

Written sources suggest the first settler to arrive in Iceland was Ingólfur Arnarson who settled in Reykjavík in the year 874.

New research suggests the first people arrived as much as 100 years earlier."

[Read The Full Story]

[A really good story and well worth a visit to read the full story - Ed.]

"Where Our Human Ancestors Made an Impression"
Hakai Magazine (Canada)

"Archaeologists have found bread baked 14 thousand years ago"
The Siva Telegram (USA)

"Mostafa Waziri: Sarcophagus uncovered in Alexandria belongs to priest not king"
Egypt Today (Egypt)

"Ancient ice sheet had a growth spurt"
Nature (UK)

"The rise and fall of the dinosaurs"
ABC Radio National (Australia)

"The 4,000-year-old ancient monument in Wales that archaeologists have just discovered"
Wales Online (Cymru)

"Oops! Federal officials divulge secret info about Native American artifacts"
Reveal News (USA)

"Archaeological chambers uncovered in Alexandria"
Ahram Online (Egypt)

"Iceman's stomach contents give a glimpse of what people ate in Copper Age"
ABC News (Australia)
"Researchers have discovered what constituted a meal in the Copper Age by examining the stomach contents of the Iceman mummy.

The Iceman, known as Ötzi, was found on September 19, 1991 in the Tyrolean Alps, on the border between Austria and Italy.

He lived roughly 5,300 years ago and died on a frozen glacier.

Scientists at the Eurac Research centre in Bozen-Bolzano in Italy were able to determine the exact composition of his diet, when a radiological examination identified Otzi's completely filled stomach.

This is the first time scientists have been able to fully reconstruct a Copper Age meal."

[Read The Full Story]

[Yet another good story from ABC News, Australia! Over the years there had been alot of speculation that Ötzi was vegetarian, but 'new' research has shown he was eating a typical hunter-gatherer's diet - lots of meat and high in animal fat, as were they all in those far-off days.

Another presumption bites the dust. It's well worth reading the full story - Ed.]

"Two 4,500-Year-Old Homes Found Near Giza Pyramids"
Live Science (USA)

"Archaeological site uncovered in Mit Abul Kom"
Egypt Today (Egypt)

"Polish archaeologist discovers hundreds of rock paintings in Tanzania"
PAP (Poland)

"Two centuries since discovery of dawn-of-life molecule"
Nature (UK)

"New dinosaur fossil pushes evolution of gigantism in sauropods back 30 million years"
ABC Science News (Australia)

"Treasure of coins found at Vulci archaeological site"
ANSA (Italy)

"The New Story of Humanity's Origins in Africa"
The Atlantic (USA)
"There is a decades-old origin story for our species, in which we descended from a group of hominids who lived somewhere in Africa around 200,000 years ago.

Some scientists have placed that origin in East Africa; others championed a southern birthplace.

In either case, the narrative always begins in one spot.

Those ancestral hominids, probably Homo heidelbergensis, slowly accumulated the characteristic features of our species-the rounded skull, small face, prominent chin, advanced tools, and sophisticated culture.

From that early cradle, we then spread throughout Africa, and eventually the world.

But some scientists are now arguing that this textbook narrative is wrong in its simplicity, linearity, and geography.

Yes, we evolved from ancestral hominids in Africa, but we did it in a complicated fashion-one that involves the entire continent."

[Read The Full Story]

[A great story from The Atlantic! That Homo sapiens are now thought to have developed in several areas of Africa, and at different times, opens a new window on the bigger picture, and this article goes a long way to introducing this frame of thought to a wider public.

It's really well worth reading the full story. I enjoyed it - Ed.]

"Lejja: Enugu’s ancient iron smelting community"
Daily Trust (Nigeria)

"A fresh take on ancient climate change in the North Pacific"
Nature (UK)

"Ancient Thracian settlement found on Bulgaria’s St Thomas Island"
The Sofia Globe (Bulgaria)

"The City at the Beginning of the World"
Archaeology Magazine (USA)

"Archaeologists have found an ancient Egyptian mummy with two heads"
The Koz Telegram (Canada)

"A two-million-year-long hydroclimatic context for hominin evolution in southeastern Africa"
Nature (UK)

"Medieval games board found in search for Pictish monastery"
The Scotsman (Scotland)

"First dogs in the Americas arrived from Siberia, disappeared after European contact"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"A study reported in the journal Science offers an enhanced view of the origins and ultimate fate of the first dogs in the Americas.

The dogs were not domesticated North American wolves, as some have speculated, but likely followed their human counterparts over a land bridge that once connected North Asia and the Americas, the study found.

This is the first comprehensive genomic study of ancient dogs in the Americas to analyze nuclear DNA, which is inherited from both parents, along with mitochondrial DNA, which is passed down only from mothers to their offspring.

By comparing genomic signatures from 71 mitochondrial and seven nuclear genomes of ancient North American and Siberian dogs spanning a period of 9,000 years, the research team was able to gain a clearer picture of the history of the first canine inhabitants of the Americas."

[Read The Full Story]

[A really interesting story! Whatever happened to ALL the dogs after Europeans arrived? Did they eat them? You can access the original Press Release HERE

Well worth reading the full story and seeing the images and diagram - Ed.]

"A two-million-year-long hydroclimatic context for hominin evolution in southeastern Africa"
Nature (UK)

"German ‘Stonehenge’ reveals gruesome secret" (Australia)

"Tomb complex reveals ancient relics in Henan province" (China)

"Synchronous tropical and polar temperature evolution in the Eocene"
Nature (UK)

"UNESCO adds 8 pre-Islamic Iranian sites to heritage list
The Jakarta Post (Indonesia)

"Mycenaean vessels among exciting finds by excavations at Hala Sultan Tekke in Cyprus island
Tornos News (Greece)

"2,000 years ago in Denmark, a fierce battle left dozens dead"
Carthage Standard (USA)

"The tale of the magnificent Pharaonic mastaba of Hesy-Ra"
Egypt Today (Egypt)
"The Egyptian Museum in Cairo is currently displaying a panel from the Mastaba of Hesy-Ra at Saqqara. Hesy-Ra was a high official holding many titles in the era of King Djoser, including chief of dentists and physicians.

The panel is made of wood with height 115 cms and dates back to the Old Kingdom's Third Dynasty, ca. 2686-2613 BC.

Archaeologists still don't know the original purpose or meaning of the Neolithic stone balls, which are recognized as some of the finest examples of Neolithic art found anywhere in the world.

The panel is one of six panels from the Mastaba of Hesy-Ra at Saqqara.

Hesy-Ra mastaba depicts magnificent wall paintings and marvellous Old Kingdom wood carvings; such as its outstanding relief panels made from imported Lebanese cedar.

The mastaba is the only known example of a painted tomb from the Third Dynasty.

The mastaba was discovered by Egyptologists Auguste Mariette and James Edward Quibell in 1861; then its wooden panels and valuable artifacts were brought to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo."

[Read The Full Story]

[Another realy great story from Egypt Today! Little is really known about this period, and this is a welcome addition to what we are discovering about Imhotep and Pharaoh Djoser himself.

It's well worth taking the time to read the full story, and access the amazing images of the carved wooded panels - Ed.]

"Madinat al-Zahra: the past made future"
Turkey Telegraph (Turkey)

"Sunken Chinese treasure lands on museum shelves in Beijing"
XinhuaNet (China)

"Statuette of Osiris uncovered at King Djoser Step Pyramid in Saqqara"
Egypt Today (Egypt)

"Synchronous tropical and polar temperature evolution in the Eocene"
Nature (UK)

"Qalhat city added to World Heritage Site list"
Muscat Daily (Oman)

"5,000-year-old tomb in southeast Turkey gives earliest evidence of child sacrifice"
Daily Sabah (Turkey)

"Pompeii man not decapitated by flying stone, archaeologists find"
The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia)

"The Antikythera Mechanism Research Project"
Cardiff/Athens Universites (Cymru/Greece)
[In October 1900, Captain Dimitrious Kondos was leading a team of sponge divers near the the island of Antikythera off the coast of Greece. They noticed a shipwreck about 180 feet below the surface and began to investigate. Amongst the artifacts that they brought up was a coral-encrusted piece of metal that later archaeologists found was some sort of gear wheel.

The rest of the artifacts, along with the shape of the boat, suggested a date around 2000 years ago, which made the find one of the most anomalous that had ever been recovered from the Greek seas. It became known as The Antikythera Mechanism.

In 2006 the journal "Nature" published a
letter, and another paper about the mechanism was published in 2008, detailing the findings of Prof. Mike G. Edmunds of Cardiff University. Using high-resolution X-ray tomography to study the fragments of the anomalous Antikythera Mechanism, they found that it was in fact a bronze mechanical analog computer that could be used to calculate the astronomical positions and various cycles of the Moon - as seen from the Earth: - Ed]

Part of the Antikythera Mechanism
an image of Part of the Antikythera Mechanism, which is also a clickable link directly to the Lichfield Blog story
Copyright © 2006
Antikythera Mechanism Research Project

2000-year-old analog computer recreated

More Antikythera Mechanism Information & Commentary:

"Human Skeleton Found on Famed Antikythera Shipwreck"
Scientific American (USA)

"Scientists decipher purpose of mysterious astronomy tool made by ancient Greeks"
CBC News (Canada)

"Beyond the Antikythera mechanism"
Nature Blogs (UK)

"Archimedes’ legendary sphere brought to life"
Nature News (UK)

"Discovery about the Antikythera Mechanism reveals surprising advances in early Greek science"
University of Puget Sound (USA)

"World's oldest computer is more ancient than first thought... "
The Daily Mail Online (UK)

"New international mission ready to explore Antikythera shipwreck"
eKathimerini (Greece)

"Return to Antikythera: Divers revisit wreck where ancient computer found"
The Guardian Science Blog (UK)

"In search of lost time"
Nature (UK)

"World’s First Computer Displayed Olympic Calendar"
Wired Gadget Lab (USA)

"Antikythera Mechanism - World's earliest existing analogue computer"
HotnHit News (India)

"In search of lost time"
Nature (UK)

"Imaging the Antikythera Computer"
Wired Gadget Lab (USA)

"Decoding an Ancient Computer: Greek Technology Tracked the Heavens"
Scientific American (USA)

"2,000 Year Old Computer Yields Her Secrets"
Wired Gadget Lab (USA)

"Watch a video explaining the Antikythera mechanism"
Nature (UK)

"Antikythera mechanism"
Wikipedia (USA)

"World's First Computer Rebuilt, Rebooted After 2,000 Years"
Wired Gadget Lab (USA)

"Antikythera: A 2,000-year-old Greek computer comes back to life"
The Guardian Science Blog (UK)

Google image search results for The Antikythera mechanism
Google (USA)


"The 2300 BC Event - Vol. 1:
Archaeology and Geophysics
& The Meteoroid Stream"


M. M. Mandelkehr

an image/link direct to this product at

"The 2300 BC Event takes a new look at an old puzzle: what happened
at this date to cause the various advanced societies on the Earth to simultaneously collapse?

Civilizations in Anatolia and Greece, through Egypt and the Middle East, and eastward to India and Central Asia were at their height. The collapse of these civilizations due to earthquakes and climatic changes has been mirrored by similar interruptions on all continents, in the Arctic, and extending to the Pacific.

The discontinuities have long puzzled archaeologists and historians. New religions and accompanying mythologies appeared at this time in all cultural regions describing bombardment and flooding from the skies.

Strangely, the dominant aspect of the mythologies, however, is the observation and worship of a ring appearing to surround the Earth, oriented to the two Ursa (Bear) constellations."

Get This Book From:

"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 2:
The Eyewitness Accounts"


M. M. Mandelkehr

an image/link direct to this product at

"Some time around 2300 BC the Earth encountered a dense clustering of space debris, the early Southern & Northern Taurid meteoroid stream. The result was an intense fall of meteoroids, some of them sufficiently large to cause surface destruction.

Simultaneous with the meteoroid fall was a huge downpouring of water which caused flash flooding. Extensive destruction and loss of life resulted. An astonishing aspect of the event was the formation of a ring surrounding the Earth, reflecting sunlight during the day, hiding some stars at night, and moving around the sky through a 24-hour period.

Following the 'main event', there were crustal movements which shifted the location of water sources, and caused earthquakes which destroyed settlements. Abrupt severe climate changes occurred."

Get This Book From:

"The 2300 BC Event Vol. 3:
The Eyewitness Accounts 2"


M. M. Mandelkehr

an image/link direct to this product at

Get This Book From:


Morien Institute News Headlines Archive
January 01 - March 31 | April 01 - June 30 | October 01 - December 31


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