The Iceman, known as Ötzi, was found on September 19, 1991 in the Tyrolean Alps, on the border between Austria and Italy.
He lived roughly 5,300 years ago and died on a frozen glacier.
Scientists at the Eurac Research centre in Bozen-Bolzano in Italy were able to determine the exact composition of his diet, when a radiological examination identified Otzi's completely filled stomach.
This is the first time scientists have been able to fully reconstruct a Copper Age meal."
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[Yet another good story from ABC News, Australia! Over the years there had been alot of speculation that Ötzi was vegetarian, but 'new' research has shown he was eating a typical hunter-gatherer's diet - lots of meat and high in animal fat, as were they all in those far-off days.
Another presumption bites the dust. It's well worth reading the full story - Ed.]
Some scientists have placed that origin in East Africa; others championed a southern birthplace.
In either case, the narrative always begins in one spot.
Those ancestral hominids, probably Homo heidelbergensis, slowly accumulated the characteristic features of our species-the rounded skull, small face, prominent chin, advanced tools, and sophisticated culture.
From that early cradle, we then spread throughout Africa, and eventually the world.
But some scientists are now arguing that this textbook narrative is wrong in its simplicity, linearity, and geography.
Yes, we evolved from ancestral hominids in Africa, but we did it in a complicated fashion-one that involves the entire continent."
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[A great story from The Atlantic! That Homo sapiens are now thought to have developed in several areas of Africa, and at different times, opens a new window on the bigger picture, and this article goes a long way to introducing this frame of thought to a wider public.
It's really well worth reading the full story. I enjoyed it - Ed.]
The dogs were not domesticated North American wolves, as some have speculated, but likely followed their human counterparts over a land bridge that once connected North Asia and the Americas, the study found.
This is the first comprehensive genomic study of ancient dogs in the Americas to analyze nuclear DNA, which is inherited from both parents, along with mitochondrial DNA, which is passed down only from mothers to their offspring.
By comparing genomic signatures from 71 mitochondrial and seven nuclear genomes of ancient North American and Siberian dogs spanning a period of 9,000 years, the research team was able to gain a clearer picture of the history of the first canine inhabitants of the Americas."
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[A really interesting story! Whatever happened to ALL the dogs after Europeans arrived? Did they eat them? You can access the original Press Release
Well worth reading the full story and seeing the images and diagram - Ed.]
"The tale of the magnificent Pharaonic mastaba of Hesy-Ra" Egypt Today (Egypt)
"The Egyptian Museum in Cairo is currently displaying a panel from the Mastaba of Hesy-Ra at Saqqara. Hesy-Ra was a high official holding many titles in the era of King Djoser, including chief of dentists and physicians.
The panel is made of wood with height 115 cms and dates back to the Old Kingdom's Third Dynasty, ca. 2686-2613 BC.
Archaeologists still don't know the original purpose or meaning of the Neolithic stone balls, which are recognized as some of the finest examples of Neolithic art found anywhere in the world.
The panel is one of six panels from the Mastaba of Hesy-Ra at Saqqara.
Hesy-Ra mastaba depicts magnificent wall paintings and marvellous Old Kingdom wood carvings; such as its outstanding relief panels made from imported Lebanese cedar.
The mastaba is the only known example of a painted tomb from the Third Dynasty.
The mastaba was discovered by Egyptologists Auguste Mariette and James Edward Quibell in 1861; then its wooden panels and valuable artifacts were brought to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo."
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[Another realy great story from Egypt Today! Little is really known about this period, and this is a welcome addition to what we are discovering about Imhotep and Pharaoh Djoser himself.
It's well worth taking the time to read the full story, and access the amazing images of the carved wooded panels - Ed.]
"The Antikythera Mechanism Research Project" Cardiff/Athens Universites (Cymru/Greece)
[In October 1900, Captain Dimitrious Kondos was leading a team of sponge divers near the the island of Antikythera off the coast of Greece. They noticed a shipwreck about 180 feet below the surface and began to investigate. Amongst the artifacts that they brought up was a coral-encrusted piece of metal that later archaeologists found was some sort of gear wheel.
The rest of the artifacts, along with the shape of the boat, suggested a date around 2000 years ago, which made the find one of the most anomalous that had ever been recovered from the Greek seas. It became known as The Antikythera Mechanism.
In 2006 the journal "Nature" published a letter, and another paper about the mechanism was published in 2008, detailing the findings of Prof. Mike G. Edmunds of Cardiff University. Using high-resolution X-ray tomography to study the fragments of the anomalous Antikythera Mechanism, they found that it was in fact a bronze mechanical analog computer that could be used to calculate the astronomical positions and various cycles of the Moon - as seen from the Earth: - Ed]
"The 2300 BC Event takes a new look at an old puzzle: what happened at this date to cause the various advanced societies on the Earth to simultaneously collapse?
Civilizations in Anatolia and Greece, through Egypt and the Middle East, and eastward to India and Central Asia were at their height. The collapse of these civilizations due to earthquakes and climatic changes has been mirrored by similar interruptions on all continents, in the Arctic, and extending to the Pacific.
The discontinuities have long puzzled archaeologists and historians. New religions and accompanying mythologies appeared at this time in all cultural regions describing bombardment and flooding from the skies.
Strangely, the dominant aspect of the mythologies, however, is the observation and worship of a ring appearing to surround the Earth, oriented to the two Ursa (Bear) constellations."
"Some time around 2300 BC the Earth encountered a dense clustering of space debris, the early Southern & Northern Taurid meteoroid stream. The result was an intense fall of meteoroids, some of them sufficiently large to cause surface destruction.
Simultaneous with the meteoroid fall was a huge downpouring of water which caused flash flooding. Extensive destruction and loss of life resulted. An astonishing aspect of the event was the formation of a ring surrounding the Earth, reflecting sunlight during the day, hiding some stars at night, and moving around the sky through a 24-hour period.
Following the 'main event', there were crustal movements which shifted the location of water sources, and caused earthquakes which destroyed settlements. Abrupt severe climate changes occurred."